Discuss about the Knowledge and Reality for Software Engineering.
This to clarify that I will strongly defend the Clifford’s argument (following the topic 7) of believing anything depending only on the strong evidences regarding that particular issue.
The argument of the topic is the claim of Clifford regarding believing any sort of events only by evaluating the sufficient evidences otherwise it must be termed as wrong at every situation. It is well-known to everyone that the conceptual briefing of the superstitions generally comes up with the belief resulting from some vague issues (Rao et al., 2014).
The approach of the argumentative explanation of the statement focuses on the point of superstition. The world even in 21st century follows the inappropriate or pseudo methods or process in managing any situation. It is visible at considerable number of cases that people with proper knowledge is even conducting events following their superstitious belief regarding that particular event (Mocan & Pogorelova, 2017). Whereas it is expected from them to follow the correct path being absolutely knowledgeable about the occurring of the event. The main tempting factor in following the superstitious belief is the fear factor relating to the happening of the event (Zad, 2014). It is observed that following the vague process where the belief is not based on the evaluation of the correct evidences, the percentage of failure in the operations is much higher than the cases where proper justification of any event is the result of correct interpretations of the sufficient and apt evidences (Morris & Griffiths, 2013).
Along with the topic of superstition the statement has major effect in cases of operational failures or miscommunication on decisive parts of any solution (Clifford, 2014). The evaluation of the above mentioned topics will state the effectiveness and exactness of Clifford’s statement in a precise manner. Clifford’s statement has major influence in the successful interpretation of any message. In organizational settings of modern century the task is majorly distributed among many individuals where they need to conduct the exact portion of task with improved degree of perfection. So the smooth conduct of the task is achieved with the smooth communication regarding the particular task between the groups of concerned individuals. Evaluation of the sufficient evidences plays a crucial role in the exact interpretation of the situational analysis of the task to the next individual lining up to take part in it (Devanbu, Zimmermann & Bird, 2016). The sufficiency of the evidences makes sure that the concerned individual get the correct information and can proceed to the task with proper knowledge regarding the same. The discrepancy in the correct fact and figures regarding a particular topic can be easily eliminated with the introduction of effective evidences. The example of the effectiveness of a report or test results in the correct analysis of the disease by a doctor clearly satisfies the need of concrete evidences before believing anything. And the belief on the less sufficient evidences in reaching to any sort of conclusion is always subjected to improper judgement along with significant loss.
The statement also refers to the concept of ethical issues. The introduction of evil desires in order to cause harm to any individual or any organization by manipulations consisting of the fake description of any events or issue is a major concern at any time. These sort of issues can create increased level of vulnerability and disorder in the organization level with the added effect of unrest between parties related to the events. The dependency on the data shared by others without a suitable proof acknowledging that, is subjected to receive immense impact from the above mentioned topic. The cases of betrayal or fake descriptions regarding a particular topic is highly influential in order to damage the image of a particular individual or organization (Johnson et al., 2013). So to deal with these issues the best possible approach is to believe only on the fact and figures with sufficient and correct evidences. The desired discrepancy from the evil part can be dealt with much more effectiveness and ease following this strategy.
There is an opposite view point as well relating to the statement of Clifford which generally recognises the process of finding evidences to believe something as a loop process. The statement of Clifford emphasizes on the exactness of being wrong at every instances where the belief is not made from justified evidences. At times it is significantly ineffective to find the evidences to believe something as it will prolong the process of believing. And it will be incredibly difficult to reach to the conclusion of whether to believe or not. For example if it is said that the earth is spherical in shape then the evidences regarding the statement is required to believe, following the Clifford’s statement. The evidences can be produced in form of the pictures taken from the space and people are supposed to believe the fact that the earth is spherical with the introduction of the evidence. But following the statement of Clifford, there will be a next question arising from the evidence and that is regarding the authenticity of the pictures as evidence. The evidences which will be ensuring that the pictures are not doctored or tampered, are significantly needed to believe the fact that the pictures are taken from the space. Thus the concept of belief based only on the specific and precise evidences incorporates a mind into a loop of a never ending thought process regarding the fact and the authenticity of the fact (Hughes & Sharrock, 2016). In such cases the assumption of noted truth is always appreciated. As the requirement of evidence will end with the assumption, the belief should always be boosted with perfect evidences.
I found the statement of Clifford significantly convincing as in practical cases the impact that the statement of Clifford holds, has much greater weightage in terms of analysing any situation or any event. Clifford’s statement has justified significance in the foundationalism philosophical approach towards the process of believing and making a strong and evident base for every event. The statement of Clifford has considerable effectiveness in proper acknowledgement of any situation and will be able to eliminate all sorts of ethical dilemma related to evidential communication.
I have argued the concept of belief depending on the effective evidences and the need of foundation for every effective project is explained in details.
Clifford, W. K. (2014). The ethics of belief. Readings in the Philosophy of Religion, 246.
Devanbu, P., Zimmermann, T., & Bird, C. (2016, May). Belief & evidence in empirical software engineering. In Software Engineering (ICSE), 2016 IEEE/ACM 38th International Conference on (pp. 108-119). IEEE.
Hughes, J. A., & Sharrock, W. W. (2016). The philosophy of social research. Routledge.
Johnson, L. W., Robles, J., Hudgins, A., Osburn, S., Martin, D., & Thompson, A. (2013). Management of bronchiolitis in the emergency department: impact of evidence-based guidelines?. Pediatrics, 131(Supplement 1), S103-S109.
Mocan, N., & Pogorelova, L. (2017). Compulsory schooling laws and formation of beliefs: Education, religion and superstition. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 142, 509-539.
Morris, R., & Griffiths, M. (2013). The relationship between gambling affinity, impulsivity, sensation seeking, superstition, and irrational beliefs: An empirical study among committed gamblers. Aloma: Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport, 31(2).
Rao, L. L., Zheng, Y., Zhou, Y., & Li, S. (2014). Probing the neural basis of superstition. Brain topography, 27(6), 766-770.
Zad, R. E. (2014). Superstitious beliefs and some of its causes (Case Study: Ghachsaran Citizens). Bull. Env. Pharmacol. Life Sci, 3, 288-290.