Under this report, specific needs in relation with the health and the social care will be covered. Mr. Holland’s case study will be evaluated and as per his condition, appropriate outcomes will be evaluated for improving his health conditions which could help him to live freely and indecently. Apart from this, unique functionalities of the health and social care centres as well as their rules and regulations will be covered to make the better understanding of this this assignment.
1.1 Analyse the concept of health, disability, illness and behaviour in relation to users of health and social care services
Health and social are the primary factors which plays vital role in the human’s daily routine. This is the reason, government bodies commence the campaigns of promotion of health and social care services during election periods. In relevance with health and social care services, various users have changed their perceptive in comparison with the traditional times (Aveyard, 2014). In traditional times, individual were not much influenced in relation with adopting health and care services in their daily routine life. Certain factors such as health concept, disability of individuals, illness and the behavioural issues affect the health conditions of individuals. Providing them adequate treatment in relation with their issues helps them to live freely as well as indecently. Only emergency conditions were approached towards the health and social care centres. After promotion of these services aggressively, audience has changed their perceptive and now people are much influenced in order to take routine medical check-ups. This also helps to determine any serious diseases if present and with the help of adequate medicines and treatment, victim could be prevented. The same scenario is with Mr. Holland Park and their family members, they needs to be more aware of regarding their health and regular check-up and for other health related services, they needs to be aware. It is essential for Mr. Holland who is suffering from dementia which is causing him to forget even daily routine activities. Mr. Holland’s family members were not able to look after him and apart from dementia, he was visually challenged as well as his hearing capability was also very less. In order to resolve the issues of Mr. Holland, health and social care services can play a vital role. Thus, it is very necessary to admin him over there as he would get better prevention as well as someone will always be there to look after him. Apart from this, his basic activities such as medicines, food, etc. will be taken care adequately (Bennett, 2010).
1.2 Assess how perceptions of specific needs have changed over time in care homes
Despite being other factors, change in the perceptions of the people in relevance with the individual’s specific needs have been noticed. While considering the given case, it was analysed that Mr. Holland was suffering from dementia and in traditional times, after a certain age, more than 30% people were affected by this disease which means every third person was feeling the pain of Mr. Holland and at that time, people’s reaction was quite casual in relevance with the dementia. But after introduction of health and social care centres and with the help of effective awareness campaigns, audience has realised that individuals suffering from should be provided with adequate treatment. In this scenario, Mr. Holland Park is suffering from dementia and along with this, they are not capable to see and hear. Thus, apart from Mr. Holland, number of individuals is suffering from various and unique complications along with the dementia (Brett, et, al., 2014). Such as, some have heart complications, weak immunity systems, etc. It is very necessary to provide them adequate treatment in certain period of time. Health and social care centres should also need to take care of certain things such as care takers should be professionals with appropriate amount of patience. This is because care taker with less patience level will not be able to treat the patients in appropriate manner and due to this, negative outcomes may be generated. Health and social care centres need to promote their services aggressively in order to provide adequate treatment to such patients because they also have the right to be given proper time and care (Burton, 2010). Factors like stigma, forgetful and discrimination should not be followed for the person who is suffering from dementia and other types of diseases. This will demotivate them and it will affect the living of the ill people. Every individual has the right to live independently as well as freely and this is the main reason above factors should not be followed adequately.
1.3 Analyse the impact of legislation, social policy, society and culture on the ways that services are made available for individuals with specific needs
Legislations, society and culture of a country plays crucial role in conducting any type of activity. As per this case, health and social care centres needs to fulfil all the legislation developed by UK government in relation to the health care centres. Following are some of the acts whose impact over the health and social care services perform their activities in appropriate manner:
Health and Social Care Act, 2012: This act defines the policies and the methods in accordance with the smooth performance of the health and social care centres. These should be followed and implemented in the working procedures of these types of centres. This is necessary in order to avoid glitches in the smooth performance of these centres as well as it also provides its users an assurance. Apart from this, health and social care act describes that the appointment of the employees and workers should also be done in the manner given in the act. Irrelevance appointment of the candidates could affect the health of the patients and in this scenario, health and social care centre may face some severe issues.
National Health Service Act, 2006: Under this act, funds are being allocated to the various service sectors as per the guidelines of the government. Apart from this, another primary activity which is regulated under this act is fair and smooth working of the health and social services centres in relation to adequate allocation of monetary funds (Carpenter, et. al., 2017).
Apart from these regulations set up in order to fulfil the requirements of the legislation related to the health and social care centres, society and culture also play vital role in the smooth running of these centres. Strategies adopted by these centres for spreading awareness in the public have also generated various positive outcomes. As per this scenario, Mr. Holland is the victim which does not get sufficient help from his family members and health and social centre helps them to live freely and independently (Coughlan & Cronin, 2016).
2.1 Analyse the care needs of individuals with specific needs
Managing specific needs to individuals carries big weight in order to manage the safeguarding operations. Under this section and as per the case was given, strategies will be adopted through which they could get adequate treatment in an effective manner. Major disabilities from which Mr. Holland was suffering were dementia which leads to him to forget various activities which also relates Mr. Holland with emotional, language, intellectual and spiritual concerns; even he was not able to manage his own daily routine’s activities. These concerns also affect the Mr. Holland’s health conditions and this is the major reason which becomes the challenges for the health services in current UK economy. He was also a patient of lack of eyesight and low capability to hear. Due to dementia, he used to forget many things and to resolve this issue, his family members decided to admit him in the health and social care centre under which the employees of the centre will help him to perform daily routine activities in appropriate manner. Some of the daily activities which he used to forget mostly are eating on time, address of the home, reason for going out, etc. Due to dementia, he was not able to manage his daily routine activities which could indulge himself in severe accidental condition (Dahlgren & Whitehead, 2017). His behaviour was another big issue for his family members because at the old age, generally, people turn into a violent person and he was one of them and due to busy schedules of his family members, they were unable to look after him. In this case, they realised his situation and they admits him in the reputed health and social service centre in order to provide him effective and advanced treatment which could help him to live freely on the outside of the caring centre (Glasby, 2017).
2.2 Explain current systems for supporting individuals with specific needs
People with specific needs should be treated with adequate facilities in order to improve their lifestyle. In this scenario, Mr. Holland is suffering from various disabilities and their specific needs are quite different in comparison to the normal people’s needs. Health and social care centres are being opened in order to support the Mr. Holland’s basic and specific needs (Heslop, et. al., 2014). Health and social care centres plays crucial role in order to enhance the performance through rendering adequate and required facilities to the individuals like Mr. Holland. Following are some of the current systems in regards with the individual’s specific needs:
Advice and Guidance: The major concern which needs to be followed by health and social care centres are providing adequate advice and guidance to the people who requires special needs. Their convincing power should be strong enough so that the individuals and their families could be convinced in order to admit them in the health and social care centres for improving their lifestyles as well as to provide the appropriate facilities which they require to live freely and independently. Majorly, requirement of advice is for old age people while for rest audience, guidance plays crucial role (Hughes & Ferrett, 2011).
Personal Development program: As per the current system of the health and social care centres, adequate services in relation with the personal development programs are being conducted from the view to improve the user’s health and their living standards. These are also helpful in fulfilling appropriate specific needs of the individuals.
Counselling: Counselling also plays vital role in the enhancing the demand of the health and social care centres. People with special requirements should be given appropriate counselling with effective benefits in order to attract them towards these centres. As Mr. Holland was suffering from dementia, hearing issue, and the less vision and then their family members decided to admit him in the health and social care centre with the view to improve his mental as well as physical issues (Jones, et. al., 2016).
2.3 Evaluate the services available in a chosen locality for individuals with specific needs
Availability of the health and social care centres within the certain locality plays crucial role in improving the standard of living of the people with specific needs. Apart from this, it is also essential for the fulfilment of the individuals with specific needs. Thus, it is very important to evaluate the health and social care centres’ availability in the particular area and locality. Health and social care centres needs to evaluate the major requirements of their locality or area. This will help them to get the adequate knowledge in relevance with the requirements of the individuals’ specific needs in the particular area or locality. With the help of the results obtained from the analysis, health and social care centres would be able to improve and adopt the required facilities and services in their particular area. This will lead to enhance the goodwill of the centres as well as efficiency rate of these centres will also be increased (Lee, Mahendra & Alvarez, 2010).
Proper treatment, quick services in the emergency conditions, special rooms for mental disorders cases, effective counselling sessions, etc. are crucial parts of the health and social care centres. Availability of these things in the care centres enhances the performance as well as goodwill in the health and care sector. Apart from this, these centres could also adopt the facilities such as availability of the ambulance service 24*7 and this service should be rendered on emergency basis. Along with this, hygiene is another crucial factor which should be followed by every health and social centre because uncleanliness will lead to more diseases and infections. Quality of the food and the varieties of the food items should be made available for the patients on the basis of their needs. This helps them to fulfil their specific needs and chances of recovery increases (Lèfstedt, 2011).
Numbers of pre-defined approaches as well as strategies are available in order to take care for the individuals in better manner. In this case, multiple diseases and disorders have been faced by the Mr. Holland and to help them to recover from these multiple disorders, high attention is required to pay on him. He was not able to perform his daily routine activities due to less vision and hearing issues. In this case for improving the condition of Mr. Holland, health and social care centres may use light as well as strict approaches. These approaches may vary as per the situation of the individuals.
Approaches like direct action, self-help, evidence based, etc. are necessary in terms of health and social service centres. This provides them appropriate and reasonable resolutions to the patients through their treatment could be done in an effective manner. Along with this, guardianship and empowerment is also necessary as these help the organization to provide adequate services with regards to treat the patients appropriately.
In order to enhance the Mr. Holland’s condition, strict approaches will be used. He is suffering from various disorders which require high attention as well as effective treatment. His behaviour was also changing rapidly and in order to reduce the negativity level from his thoughts, appropriate strategies such as counselling and guidance needs to be adopted as this will boost up the confidence level of Mr. Holland (Lluch, 2011).
Cognitive therapy was used for Mr. Holland as per his condition; this therapy is the combination of strict as well as light approaches which affects to generate various neurons in his body with the help of stimulating senses. Music and sound is also a part of cognitive therapy which is essential to activate the motor and sensory neurons of Mr. Holland. This will activate the hearing nerve of Mr. Holland as it is directly connected with the brain. Apart from this, olfactory nerves are activated by using smell-therapy. In this approach, various smells are being tested as per the requirements of the individuals (MacDonald, Kreutz & Mitchell, 2013).
3.2 Evaluate the effectiveness of intervention strategies for an individual with specific needs
Intervention strategies are used for improving the eyesight and the effect of this strategy focuses on long term cure. This strategy helps the Mr. Holland for improving his eyesight’s condition. Only vision impairment strategy does not help to resolve the eyesight issue but this strategy helps the individual to get interacted which provides a unique mental strength for dealing with these types of issues. Along with this strategy, health and social care centres have adopted and implemented various other operative strategies that will be helpful in order to enhance the visibility range of Mr. Holland. And for improving the hearing capacity of Mr. Holland, hearing therapy will be used. In order to reduce the joints pain, gouty arthritis will be implemented and the updates will be provided on the daily basis. Some specific needs of individuals are live freely and independently as well as getting all the services which are required for fulfilment of the patients’ objectives. In fulfilment of the specific needs, health and social care centres needs to adopt certain intervention strategies for fulfilling the specific needs of individuals.
Mr. Holland is an old personality, hence; implementation of regular strategies and the operations could decrease the blood counts which could affect his other body parts. Thus, within the regular intervals, strategies were used to be implemented for improving the condition of Mr. Holland. In order to improve his behavioural conditions, care centres have adopted guidance and counselling sessions (Marmot, et. al., 2012).
3.3 Discuss the potential impact of emerging developments on support for individuals with specific needs
In terms of dementia, several cases are available which are not curable practically. To make these cases, various medical and research institutes has invented certain advanced and effective strategies in order to deal with the dementia problems. This type of issues relates with medical issues which should be resolved for supporting the individuals with their specific needs. They should be taken care in an appropriate manner and more attention is required to be paid on dementia patients in comparison with other patients. This is because it is often noticed that people suffering from dementia disease are also caught by various other severe diseases. Hence, they require more attention and care from the employees of the health and the social care centres otherwise; they might get hurt themselves in lack of attention conditions. According to various researchers, it has been noticed that dementia patients are hard to handle and to cure the dementia disease, continues experiments and research are being conducted for enhancing the chances to reduce the effect of dementia. Majorly, dementia patients are being left by their families and invented and innovative technologies adopted in relation to cure dementia in an effective manner are tested on those patients only. According to the doctors, dementia patients’ minds should be diverted towards other things such as internet, social media, television, etc. As these enhances the chances of curing the dementia patients. Yet, there is not definite antidote invented or manufactured to cure the dementia patients, hence; this is the reason they are kept in the supervision and they are attended more in comparison with the other diseases’ patients (Mensah & Julien, 2011).
To improve the behavioural condition of Mr. Holland, health and social care centres have implemented the several strategies such as psychiatrists sessions and counselling sessions. These plays crucial role for the patients to improve their mental conditions and these are also effective while patient is struggling from other severe diseases such as dementia. Apart from this, injections and shock therapies are also being used for keeping the patient calm and cool (Munn-Giddings & Winter, 2013).
4.1 Explain different concepts of challenging behaviour
Generally, individual’s behaviour changes with the effect of diseases because a unique type of negative energy is being filled in the individual while he suffers from any disease. To resolve this issue, various alternatives has been identified which could challenge to the challenging behavioural conditions of individuals. From the perception of society, challenging behavioural conditions are always being seeing as the mental problems and this happens due to lack of education and awareness in the public. It is often noticed that challenging behavioural conditions are generally found in the children who are born with certain mental disabilities or by old age group people who feel alone in the society and left by their own family members. It can be observed by any unnatural acts done by the individual irrespective of the demand of the situation such as beating people unnecessarily, highly aggression on petty issues, highly frustration, violent acts, throwing something on others, etc. All the activities which lead to awkward situation are known as the sign of challenging behavioural conditions (Quinlan, Bohle & Lamm, 2010).
According to various scholars, doctors, etc. individual needs to be busy in doing something because it makes them away from frustration as well as negativity. While individuals are left alone and they are unoccupied, most of the time, challenging behavioural conditions arises. This is the reason, Mr. Holland showed some unnecessary acts which were described by his son when his family members were admitting him to the health and social care centre. He was left alone by his own family members, all were busy in their life schedules and in this case, showing unique behaviours is generally noticed. Thus, counselling sessions, psychiatrists’ sessions, etc. are being conducted for removing the negativity and to resolve the behavioural issues of the individuals (Sheldon, 2011).
4.2 Describe the potential impact of challenging behaviour on health and social care organization
Health and social care organizations are built to provide support to the patients but in terms of challenging behavioural conditions, these organizations find themselves in tough situations. If any severe case comes of challenging behaviour than it could also affect other patients of the care centres and in those situations, health care centre will be held answerable to their family members. In severe cases of challenging conditions, patients may show some unnecessary acts such as aggressive behaviour, violent acts, sexual acts in public, etc. In these scenarios, health care organization generally directs these cases towards the specialised institutes which are built to resolve these types of cases (Sittig & Singh, 2010).
Adaptation of effective communication processes could also be adopted and implemented in terms of enhancing the effectiveness of the organization as well as to fulfil the needs of the persons engaged with these centres.
Health and social care centres are engaged at the small level and in this condition, a small dent in their goodwill could affect their performances a lot. Hence, it is very crucial for the health and social care centres to identify the severe and normal challenging behavioural conditions in order to reduce the chances of huge impact over the organizational performance. On the other hand, health and social care centres are held responsible for improving the health conditions of the patients. As per the given scenario, Mr. Holland got the fair treatment from care centres and this centre make him believe that he is important for his family and they wants to live with him. Thus, it can be concluded that health and social care centre uses unique mixture of strategies and techniques for improving the health conditions of Mr. Holland (Smith, 2015).
4.3 Analyse strategies for working with challenging behaviour associated with specific needs
For providing adequate and effective treatment to the individuals, health and social care centres needs to perform certain strategies under which individuals with challenging behaviour could be cured in an extreme manner. Challenging behaviour arises when individual suffering from such situation and wants to convey some messages but he is not able to convey through normal mediums. In this situations, health and social care institutes needs to identify the root cause of the challenging behaviour for providing them the most adequate and effective resolution with the perceptive of resolving the challenging behavioural conditions. The primary tool which could be used for resolving the challenging behavioural conditions is fulfilment of the demands by patients. But in against of fulfilling their demands, they should be taken care not to misconduct or misbehave with any patient or employee of the health care centre (Weissman & Meier, 2011).
Communication barriers, targets achievement and matching up with the standards becomes big issue for the health and social care centres through which patients are not able to get the proper treatment.
In the given scenario, Mr. Holland was suffering from severe diseases such as dementia, low vision as well as less hearing capability. Along with this, he was also struggling with Gouty arthritis due to his joints were not letting him to sit and walk in an appropriate manner. Afterwards, he was also caught with the challenging behavioural conditions and it was realised when his family members were admitting him to the health care centre. With the extreme treatment and effective strategies, organization makes the recovery of Mr. Holland fast which results in letting him to live his life freely and independently (World Health Organization, 2017).
From the aforesaid discussion with regards to the health and social care and specific needs of people, it can be concluded that these centres are capable enough to fulfil unique and various types of needs of people suffering from disabilities. It is the right of every individual to get appropriate treatment of their needs. Thus, health and social care centres needs to be funded and promoted in order to improve their efficiencies so that people could get more effective services.
Aveyard, H., 2014. Doing a literature review in health and social care: A practical guide. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
Bennett, P., 2010. “Oxford University Press”, Risk communication and public health.
Brett, J., Staniszewska, S., Mockford, C., Herron?Marx, S., Hughes, J., Tysall, C. and Suleman, R., 2014. Mapping the impact of patient and public involvement on health and social care research: a systematic review. Health Expectations, 17(5), pp.637-650.
Burton, J., 2010, "WHO Healthy workplace framework and model: Background and supporting literature and practices”, World Health Organization.
Carpenter, J., Webb, C., Bostock, L. and Coomber, C., 2017. Effective supervision in social work and social care. Health.
Coughlan, M. and Cronin, P., 2016. Doing a literature review in nursing, health and social care. Sage.
Dahlgren, D. and Whitehead, M., 2017. European Strategies for tackling social inequalities in health: levelling up part 2. Health.
Glasby, J., 2017. Understanding health and social care. Policy Press.
Heslop, P., Blair, P.S., Fleming, P., Hoghton, M., Marriott, A. and Russ, L., 2014. The Confidential Inquiry into premature deaths of people with intellectual disabilities in the UK: a population-based study. The Lancet, 383(9920), pp.889-895.
Hughes, P. & Ferrett, E., 2011, “Routledge”, Introduction to health and safety at work.
Jones, E., Taylor, B., MacArthur, C., Pritchett, R. and Cummins, C., 2016. The effect of early postnatal discharge from hospital for women and infants: a systematic review protocol. Systematic reviews, 5(1), p.24.
Lee, J., Mahendra, S. & Alvarez, P.J., 2010, “Nanomaterials in the construction industry: a review of their applications and environmental health and safety considerations”, ACS nano, vol. 4 (7), pp.3580-3590.
Lèfstedt, R., 2011, “The Stationery Office”, Reclaiming health and safety for all: An independent review of health and safety legislation, Vol. 8219.
Lluch, M., 2011, “Healthcare professionals’ organisational barriers to health information technologies—A literature review”, International journal of medical informatics, vol. 80 (12), pp.849-862.
MacDonald, R., Kreutz, G. and Mitchell, L. eds., 2013. Music, health, and wellbeing. Oxford University Press.
Marmot, M., Allen, J., Bell, R., Bloomer, E. & Goldblatt, P., 2012, “WHO European review of social determinants of health and the health divide”, The Lancet, vol. 380 (9846), pp.1011-1029.
Mensah, L.D. & Julien, D., 2011, “Implementation of food safety management systems in the UK”, Food Control, vol. 22 (8), pp.1216-1225.
Munn-Giddings, C. and Winter, R., 2013. A handbook for action research in health and social care. Routledge.
Quinlan, M., Bohle, P. & Lamm, F., 2010, “Palgrave Macmillan”, Managing occupational health and safety.
Sheldon, B., 2011, “Routledge”, Cognitive-behavioural therapy: Research and practice in health and social care.
Sittig, D.F. & Singh, H., 2010, “A new sociotechnical model for studying health information technology in complex adaptive healthcare systems”, Quality and Safety in Health Care, vol. 19 (3), pp. i68-i74.
Smith, J.A. ed., 2015. Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods. Sage.
Weissman, D.E. & Meier, D.E., 2011, “Identifying patients in need of a palliative care assessment in the hospital setting a consensus report from the center to advance palliative care”, Journal of palliative medicine, vol. 14 (1), pp.17-23.
World Health Organization (WHO, 2017. Obesity and Overweight factsheet from the WHO. Health.