1: Which of the following give rise to “Income”?
a. A dentist swapping dental work valued at $600 with a retailer for a video which has a market value of $550 (but only cost the retailer $300)
b. A pensioner swapping surplus eggs valued at $150. (for the year) with a neighbour for surplus vegetables grown in a home garden.
c. A builder helping you at weekends to erect your home, doing so on the basis that he can have your caravan (which cost you $10,500 on 1 January 1997) when you move into the home. Assume the value of the builder’s work was $11,000 and the caravan had a market price of $12,000 when you handed it over on 1 January in the current income year.
d. Volunteering your accounting expertise to a local charity which in turn arranges for someone to clear rubbish from your yard. Would your answer be different if you were unaware of the charity’s intention to clear the rubbish?
2: Discuss whether the following amounts are assessable. Include references to any relevant provisions in the ITAA 1997 or ITAA 1936.
a. A car valued at $15,000, given as a prize to a depositor of a building society. The competition was open to all those who could maintain a minimum balance of $10,000 for the year.
b. An exchange gain (not of an income character) of $1 million made by a large industrial company on repayment of long-term loans.
c. A travel allowance of $4,500 (paid at 45 cents per kilometre 10,000 km travel) paid to an employee by an employer because the employee was carrying out tasks required by the employer.
3: In your hurry to get to a tax lecture, you park your car poorly and, in the process, badly damage the Vice Chancellor’s car. As the accident is clearly your fault and you do not have any insurance, you agree to meet the costs of any necessary repairs. After obtaining three quotes, the Vice Chancellor informs you that the cost will be $2,000, which you pay to her when the work is complete.
Required: Is it possible that this transaction could have any Capital Gains tax implications for the Vice Chancellor?
4: Mr & Mrs Martin each hold two shares in a family company. The company was established in 1980 for the purposes of conducting a retail business premises in Bendigo. The Martins have twins (a boy and a girl) who will turn 18 on 1 July. Present plans are for each of the twins to receive one of the shares in the family company with Mr Martin transferring one of his shares to his son and Mrs Martin transferring one of her shares to her daughter.
i. What capital gains issues, if any, arise? How would your answer differ if, instead of the above share transfer arrangement, the share transfer occurred on Mr Martin’s death, one share being transferred to each of his children? (Mrs Martin would retain both of her shares).
ii. What are the implications for the family company if the Martins are considering:
a. Buying vacant land in Bendigo; or
b. Buying a retail business (operating through leased premises) in Queensland