Independent living is house arrangement which is planned mainly for disabled persons that live in the community rather than a health care facility (Cornwall.gov.uk, (2015). It can also be defined as the social movement where individuals who have got disabilities ought to be offered same choices of life and also the civil rights which are given to the nondisabled people. The provided case study addresses Sally who is 42 years old and is suffering from many kinds of disabilities. Individuals who use the social and health services are people who are suffering from forms of disabilities or even people who are neglected by the community.
Use of Technology
Some of the disabilities which Sally faces are tingling and numbness in foot, memory issues and eye patch. For her to get her health improved, she needed the health and social care services. The assistive technology is a device which assists an individual to perform work in an efficient manner. This kind of technology comprises the supportive technologies, preventive technologies and also sensitive technologies which make work easier for persons and prevent them from any harm (Chen et al., 2015). An example is the medicine dispensers which assist patients in taking medicine within the prescribed time.
From the case study, Sally was informed to utilize eye patch to get a relief of double vision. During the time when Sally was experiencing numbness in her body, she was advised to use a cane to ease and improve her mobility and enable her to do some tasks (Housingandsupport.org.uk, 2015). To see letters well, Sally was recommended to utilize alternative keyboard. She was also assisted by the hand-held digital assistant to improve her memory skills. The idea can helped her to understand and realize the next step in regards to taking medications and completing some tasks.
Barriers to use of Technology
There are obstacles which implicate the utilization of the assistive technology. Lack of support staffs and training form a significant impediment to the very technology. The issue makes the use of the technology to be hard as staff or trained people offering such services are limited. Also, the people living with a disability might not be in the position to get information on these technologies. Hence they find it hard when deciding which of the technologies to use. Lack of clarity on the funding of the technology can also obstruct the users of assistive technology. Hence individuals may find the technology expensive making hard for them to employ it (Cornwall.gov.uk, (2015).
Sally will have a memory difficulty where she will not be able to remember the time to use the technology. She might be irritated by the eye patch thus increasing her problem. Also, she might experience a headache and reduced efficiency in tackling some tasks. Even though she was advice and offered an alternative keyboard, its use might not last for a longer period because letters in the keyboard might get rubbed (Memon et al., 2014. The use of left foot accelerator and spinner knob can be an issue for her to adopt because they are new things which she is not used to them. In addition, she might not be in the position to remember the utilization of the hand-held PDA at the correct time or even it can impact her memory negatively.
To reduce the barriers to the assistive technology, right guidance from the experts or specialists should be taken. The expert will offer an accurate advice on the kind of technology which is correct to be used by the victims of disabilities. (Preusse et al., 2016). However, the victim’s family member should remain alerted in ensuring that the patient is following the prescribed medications within the correct time. They can aid the patient in remembering how or even when to utilize the very technology (Mulloy, et al., 2014).
Benefits of technology
Assistive technology is successful in offering solutions and ensuring individuals with disabilities developed into productive, autonomous and involved in the community life. People who utilize the health and social services ought to be in a position to recover the quality of their lives and perform their task efficiently (Cook, and Polgar, 2014. In addition, they can have a better control of their normal routines and increased relationships with non-disabled individuals. However, some carers can improve better communication with the victims. These involve family and friends who can bring and built a healthy relationship. If the victims are utilizing technology, it is the duty of carers to assess them and offers some recommendations and provides the needed help to them (Cih.org, 2015).
Conversely, Sally is in a position to perform her duties more efficiently because of assistive technology. By utilizing the eye patch, it assisted her to get relieved from double vision and also she can see things with ease. Also, the eye strain was lessened to some point (Dell et al. 2012). As a result, the eye patch assisted her to perform her duties until the correct time. Separately from that, it was found that the hand-held personal digital assistant became helpful in facilitating the power of memory and skills which assisted Sally in recalling the correct to take medication and performing some domestic or office duties (Cornwall.gov.uk, 2015).
The assistive technology has offered the immense advantage to the health and social care institutions. The assistive technology is helpful for aged people particularly in care homes where it assist to perform their duties appropriately. For illustration, the automatic calendar clocks can be useful for elderly individuals who cannot remember the exact day. Moreover, in health centers, the technology is necessary in many cases. The virtual door and exit sensors are efficient for sensing in and out movement of the patient within the room. The utilization of GPS tracking machines is helpful in manning the position of the patient within the premises of the hospital (Cook and Polgar, 2014). Furthermore, the technology is essential for schools. The students can be offered with large text if they cannot visualize well
Conclusively, assistive technology is relevant for disabled patients and it is advisable that relevant experts should be consulted. It is also advisable for family members to stay closer to the disabled individuals in order to assist them in implementation the assistive technology.
Chen, W., Augusto, J.C. and Seoane, F. eds. 2015. Recent Advances in Ambient Assisted Living-Brdging Assistive Technologies, E-Health and Personalized Health Care (Vol. 20). IOS press.
Cih.org, (2015). How to make effective use of assistive technology. [online] Available at: https://www.cih.org/resources/PDF/Policy%20free%20download%20pdfs/How_to_briefing_make_effective_use_of_assistive_technology.pdf [Accessed 3 Feb. 2015].
Cook, A., and Polgar, J. 2014. Assistive technologies: Principles and practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Cornwall.gov.uk, (2015). Assistive Technology – equipment to help people at home – Cornwall Council. [online] Available at: https://www.cornwall.gov.uk/health-and-social-care/physical-disabilities/disabled-people-specialist-equipment/assistive-technology-equipment-to-help-people-at-home/ [Accessed 3 Feb. 2015].
Housingandsupport.org.uk, (2015). Overview of Assistive Technology – housingandsupport.org.uk. [online] Available at: https://www.housingandsupport.org.uk/overviewassistivetechnology [Accessed 3 Feb. 2015].
Memon, M., Wagner, S., Pedersen, C., Beevi, F., and Hansen, F. 2014. Ambient assisted living healthcare frameworks, platforms, standards, and quality attributes. Sensors, 14(3), pp.4312-4341.
Mulloy, A., Gevarter, C., Hopkins, M., Sutherland, K., and Ramdoss, S. 2014. Assistive technology for students with visual impairments and blindness. In Assistive technologies for people with diverse abilities (pp. 113-156). Springer New York.
Preusse, K., Gonzalez, E., Singleton, J., Mitzner, T., and Rogers, W. 2016. Understanding the needs of individuals ageing with impairment. International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics, 4(2), pp.144-168.