Discuss about the Relation Between Leadership Traits Motives and Effectiveness.
Leadership is considered as one of the key strength of every business organization (Northouse, 2015). Efficient leadership paves the path of organizational success. There are many leaders in world that have set an example for others by their effective leadership quality. The market competitiveness has been increased since past few years, which leads many business leaders to incorporate many efficient strategies within the organizational structure to earn the desired target. Effective leadership consists of several traits and qualities that play crucial role in the effectiveness of the leaders. Leadership traits and effectiveness are interrelated. The success of the company is highly relied on these two factors (Dinh et al., 2014).
The following article has concentrated on the relation between the leadership traits and its effectiveness. It has discussed about various theory and examples to provide a transparent and broader picture of effective leadership quality.
There are many theories that have enlightened various aspects of effective leadership, such as- Great-man Theory, Behavioural Theory, Contingency Theory, transactional theory, Transformational Theory and Trait Theory (Chemers, 2014). These theories have discussed about different aspects of leadership quality. According to the trait theorists, leadership is mainly based on some key traits that distinguish leaders from other team members. A person must possess these skills to become an effective leader. There are two types of traits, one type of traits that can be learned by a person and one type of traits that are inherent (Day et al., 2014). Many researches claim that there are some key traits that must be possessed by the leaders to guide any organization on the right path, such as-
An effective leader must be emotionally stable, so he can support his teammate to take efficient and decisions to stimulate the organizational performance. Many researches claim that leaders must be psychologically matured enough. During leadership, a leader may have to take many effective and strong decisions. It is important to be matured enough to take these decisions (Landis, Hill & Harvey, 2014).
Leaders must have good control over their own team. It is also evident that many leaders dominant their teammates, which is not suitable to maintain healthy relation within the team. However, leaders need to maintain control over the teammates to lead them to the right path (Ghasabeh, Soosay & Reaiche, 2015).
Leaders must be active to play their role and responsibilities towards the organization, so they can motivate their subordinates. The key role of a leader is to motivate their teammates to perform their duty in an appropriate manner. In order to perform this role, leaders must be active and expressive. He must be energetic to influence his teammates. Otherwise, subordinates will not be able to participate in the organizational function (Ghasabeh, Soosay & Reaiche, 2015).
Leaders must be willing to take new risks. It is the responsibility of the leader to support his team in any situation. He must be able to face various challenges and risks while supporting or motivating his team. It is one of the key features of the effective leaders. He must confident to lead his team. Otherwise, he will not be able to perform his role effectively (Marion & Gonzales, 2013).
Effective leaders must have charismatic personality, so he can influence other teammates. The personality of the leaders plays major role to influence teammates. It is often evident that subordinates are majorly affected by the working style and leadership quality of the leaders. The influential character of the leader may have a great impact on the employees and it may influence them to shape their behaviour accordingly to achieve the organizational target (Ghasabeh, Soosay & Reaiche, 2015).
Good leaders always encourage their subordinates to learn. They know the value of learning. They appreciate their employees for adopting new and efficient techniques. Great leaders often share their experience and learning s with their teammates to let them learn from those experiences. It puts significant impact on the behaviour and performance of the employees. Hence, one must allow his subordinates to learn (Marion & Gonzales, 2013).
It is primary responsibility of a team leader to provide a clear idea to the team members about their role and responsibility towards the organization. Thus, leaders must have the potential to communicate with their subordinates. He must maintain regular communication with the employees to know about the challenges they are facing in the organization and resolve their issues. In order to motivate employees, it is important for every leader to often meet with the teammates. By such practices, leaders can share their own experience, vision and mission with the employees. It is highly beneficial for the leaders to establish a strong bonding with the employees (Sethuraman & Suresh, 2014).
The Relation between Leadership Traits, Motives and Effectiveness:
These previously mentioned traits are highly required for being an effective and efficient leader. These traits put significant impact on the effectiveness and motive of the leadership. As discussed in the previous section, leaders must have a particular kind of personality to influence teammates (Amanchukwu, Stanley & Ololube, 2015). It is evident that subordinates are greatly influenced by the behaviour and skills of the leaders. Renowned leaders often used their special traits to interact with the teammates. It helps them to motivate them to work as a team to earn the desired common goal. Leaders can use their traits in both positive and negative manner. It depends on the motive of the leader. The style of the leadership is highly dependent on the circumstances and working environment of the organization. Leaders use various leadership styles in different situations. In order to enhance the team performance motivate team members, efficient leaders often communicate with the team members and influence them by their charismatic personality. It affects employees to participate actively in the organizational function. Traits lead leaders to decide their motives. At the same time, it affects their leadership skills and put remarkable impact on the behaviour of the subordinates. There are many employees in the organization. It is not possible for the leaders to address each of the employees individually. By using effective traits, such as- charismatic personality, interaction skills, self confidence and so on, leaders can motivate all the employees altogether. It is often evident, that employees are often affected by the stories and vision mission shared by the leaders (Antonakis & House, 2014). It encourages them to shape their behaviour and adopt organizational strategy to gain the expected target.
Toyota is one of the renowned car companies that have put strong footprint in the car industry by its performance. However, it has faced crisis recently where lawsuits were filed against the organization due to some faults in the car. Jim Lentz, the CEO of the organization has taken a notable initiative to deal with the situation. Instead of letting the PR team tackle the issue, the CEO decided to interact with the consumers via Dig Dialogue. He answered all the queries of the consumers. This works on the favour of the organization. His leadership skill motivates his subordinates to stand together by the side of the organization during this emergency ad perform in an efficient manner to for the betterment of the organization. Thus, it can be stated that the communication skill and leadership traits of the Jim Lentz has affected the behaviour of his team members in a significant manner. By such practices the organization has successfully overcome all the issues as a team (toyota.com, 2017).
Another example of effective leadership is given by the CEO of Starbucks. In 1997, the organizational management of Starbucks faced a crisis due to the murder of one of their staffs in robbery. The reputation of the organization was at stake. The CEO of the organization has taken a notable step to resolve the issue. He visited the family of the employee ad provide all the monetary and moral support to them. It helps organization to overcome the crisis soon. This charismatic leadership capability of the CEO plays major role to motivate his employee to stay together and work hard for the organization. It has increased the commitment level of the employees towards the organization. It is also an exemplary example of effective leadership. It can be stated by analysing the example that the understanding skills and matured personality of the leader has influenced him take the right decision on the right time. At the same time, it is highly influential for his teammates as well. It helps them to understand the importance of tam work as well as how to maintain strong and transparent relation within the organization (starbucks.in, 2017).
As per the previous discussion, it can be stated that leadership quality plays major role to affect teammates to achieve the organizational objective. There are many exemplary examples of leadership skills that have set an example for others on how to lead an organization towards the right direction. Traits are an integral part of the effectiveness of the leadership and the motive of the leadership. A person that has all the traits of becoming an effective leaders can use his traits to affect his teammates and others.
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starbucks.in. (2017). starbucks.in. Retrieved 10 August 2017, from https://www.starbucks.in
toyota.com. (2017). Toyota.com. Retrieved 10 August 2017, from https://www.toyota.com