The main focus of this research study is to explore the indigenous communities in Australia have or are being affected by the tourism activities in their area. The research is however going to narrow down and study about a particular community in Australia known as the Djabugay community (Choi & Sirakaya, 2005). The Djabugay community is located near Cairns, which is Far North Queensland. The research has identified the Djabugay community as one of the strongest equity member or partner in the Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park (Colton & Whitney-Squire, 2010). However, as we progress in the research, the Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park will refer to as “the Park” throughout the research.
The park is found in Smithfield, Cairns. Some of the board members come from the Djabugay community while some of the members are also employees in this park. We will be using the word “Djabugay” throughout our research to enable us identify the main community being researched (Dyer, Aberdeen, & Schular, 2003). The name will also help us to refer to the main language being spoken in this area. Dr Norman Tindale was the one who gave the park the name Tjapukai in the year 1938.
The main reason for choosing to investigate the Djabugay community is because of its involvement in the tourism industry through the financial shares that it has in the Park. Many Djabugay members have complained about the hardships that they have been experiencing because of some bad state practices and policies in the area like dispossession and forcible removal of people (Henry, 2000). These are some of the social injustices that have prompted the research to be carried to establish the truth about such activities. The research will aim to provide adequate measures to help in solving these social injustices against the community so as to enable it benefit fully in the tourism activities economically for example being employed in the industry.
The main significance of this research is to investigate the main roots of unsustainable tourism development in a developing country like Australia. We will base our special reference to the Djabugay community. According to research, many factors that have led to unsustainable tourism development in the Djabugay community are actually beyond the control of the local authorities and the people. Many of the tourism issues affecting the community are widely related to problems at the national level. According to (Hodgson & Firth, 2006) some of these problems at the national level include; the role of international tour operators in the international tourism system, political economy policies, patron-client relationships between related business class and decision-makers, and finally the prevailing national planning approaches that are applied in the tourism sector.
The research concludes that there is need for collaboration of international donor agencies and tour operators, confident decision making process, and hard political choices if a sustainable tourism development has to be achieved in a developing country like Australia particularly for the Djabugay community. The aim of this research is to actually gain a lot more insight into the perceptions of the Djabugay community about a sustainable tourism development in the area. The research will also seek to establish the views of the community on how the community prefers to implement the sustainable tourism programs in the area in a way that will benefit them more as a community. The research revealed that there are a number of barriers that the Djabugay community faces when it comes to the successful implementation of good tourism practices (Lopez-Guzman, Sanchez-Caniizares, & Pavon, 2011). One of the main barriers to this successful implementation is that the community has is concerning unclear lines of communication, mistrust of government policies, and poor administration of the tourism industry.
This research is going to explore the tourism impact on a particular Australian Indigenous community known as the Djabugay community. The traditional land of the Djabugay community is located near Cairns that is Far North Queensland. The participants in this research will be picked mainly from the Djabugay community which will include; the professionals, leaders, the women and the youths. The research will seek to know their opinion about tourism has had an impact on them. The research will seek to establish the major issues affecting the community whether positive or negative. The research will be conducted between April 24th to 30th. The period will be set aside to conduct a thorough research on the issue so as to come up with concrete findings. The findings will help in formulating strategies on how to address the issues raised or even improve some of the issues so as to enable this community top fully benefit from the tourism visits made in that area.
The research will address various objectives. These objectives include;
The research will seek to know the major impacts that tourism has on the Djabugay community. The research will seek to know some of these impacts from the perspectives of the Djabugay community as both community members and also as the employees of the Park.
The second objective of this research will be to develop the best strategies on how to reduce the negative impacts while at the same time device a way of enhancing the socio-cultural and economic benefits that come because of tourism for the Djabugay community.
To come up with the best research methods that will result into accurate findings from the community members. Accurate findings will enable the proper formulation of strategies to help in solving any matter that the community will raise during the research.
Tourism activity is one of the activities that is carried out by many communities across the globe. These communities carry out this type of activity for different reasons. However, the tourism activity has had an impact on the Djabugay community in fulfilling the tourism activity (Nunkoo, Smith, & Ramkissoon, 2013). Djabugay is one of the Australian communities that has been carrying out tourism in its region. The activity has been able to serve different purposes for the community. The tourism industry has had some impacts on the community, both positive and negative repercussions. Some of the impacts include the following;
This is one of the impacts that tourism has brought in various communities. Several communities across the globe usually have traditional artifacts that they have designed used for serving different purposes in the community. These artifacts were made by various people since hence they are unique to the community (Ryan & Aicken, 2005). This is one of the things that can attract different people from the globe to come and visit a specific country due to the artifacts that it has. This will depend on how the country is able to keep the artifacts in good condition.
In Djabugay community, tourism has enabled the community to revive their artifacts. The community has various artifacts that have attracted different people from the world to come and visit the region. The community has been able to keep these artifacts in good condition by protecting them from any form of damage or even being stolen. The community protects these artifacts so that it continues to attract even more tourists to the community. This will enable the community to be able to conserve its traditional forms for future reference (Ryan & Huyton, 2000). Therefore, tourism in the community has made the community to revive its artifacts.
Various tourist attraction sites have always acted as an opportunity for some individuals to get jobs. Different people seek for work in the tourist attraction sites especially the immediate community to which has the attraction sites. In Djabugay community, tourism has assisted in creating job opportunities for various individuals in the community. The attraction sites have made different people to seek for employment opportunities since the community needs them to provide some vital information to the many tourists who visit the community attractions.
The services that the people in the community give to the visitors are the activities that make the people of the community earn income. The individuals who have managed to get the jobs in the attraction sites can now adequately provide for themselves and also for their families. Tourism in the community serves as a job opportunity to the people by making them earn income that will be able to assist them in their lives (Ryan & Huyton, 2002). Therefore tourism in Djabugay community has acted as a source of employment to various individuals by making them earn income. This is the positive impact that tourism has been able to create to the people in the community.
In various communities across the globe, they base various activities based on the gender. Some consider the men to be superior to women while other communities favor women than men. This makes the communities to believe that each and every person in the community is equal. The gender relations have affected various communities in different forms. Some have brought positive results while others have brought negative results (Schianetz, Kavanagh, & Lockington, 2007). This is based on the particular activity that the gender group is carrying out. In Djabugay community, tourism has led to gender relations among the people.
There has not been a gender balance in the community based on the tourism activity being carried out in the community. The community has not been able to consider each and every person to be equal. This has made some individuals be neglected. This is negative impacts which tourism has brought to the community. The community is treats the people differently in accordance to the gender of each and every individual. This, therefore, brings in gender imbalance among the individuals in the community especially when offering services to the tourists. Most people that work in the tourist attraction sites are men as compared to women.
In every community across the globe, there are numerous ways of carrying out community administration. The people were able to live according to the authority structure that had been put by the people in authority. Some of these structures have not been able to work through for some communities as they have changed their systems (Timothy, 2007). This is one of the impacts that tourism has brought into Djabugay community. The community has eroded its traditional structure of executing authority. Tourism has made the community to change the traditional ways of carrying out authority. The community tries to please the tourists that visit the region through their current administration (Zeppel, 2002). This is a negative impact that tourism has brought to the community. Various individuals will not be able to understand how the community used to carry out its authority in the community since the traditional structures have now been eroded to the satisfaction of the tourists.
Income is the main thing that each and every individual always desire. Every person will tend to carry out an activity that will assist him or her to earn income to enable them to sustain themselves. This also implies to tourism, in the various regions where tourism is being carried out with the main objective of earning revenue (Tribe, 2006). The Djabugay community has been able to earn revenue from tourism as an activity. The tourists are often charged some amount for the services that they get in return. The charges are the income that the community gets in return. This is the income that the community gets from the tourists visiting the areas. Therefore this is a positive impact that tourism has brought to the community therefore promoting the development of the economy.
Choi, H.S.C. and Sirakaya, E., 2005. Measuring residents’ attitude toward sustainable tourism: Development of sustainable tourism attitude scale. Journal of Travel Research, 43(4), pp.380-394.
Colton, J.W. and Whitney-Squire, K., 2010. Exploring the relationship between aboriginal tourism and community development. Leisure/Loisir, 34(3), pp.261-278.
Dyer, P., Aberdeen, L. and Schuler, S., 2003. Tourism impacts on an Australian indigenous community: a Djabugay case study. Tourism Management, 24(1), pp.83-95.
Henry, R., 2000. Dancing into Being: The Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park and the Laura Dance Festival. The Australian journal of anthropology, 11(3), p.322.
Hodgson, R. and Firth, T., 2006. The methodological and practical issues of conducting tourism research into aboriginal communities: The Manyallaluk experience. Tourism Recreation Research, 31(2), pp.11-22.
López-Guzmán, T., Sánchez-Cañizares, S. and Pavón, V., 2011. Community-based tourism in developing countries: A case study. Tourismos: an international multidisciplinary journal of tourism, 6(1), pp.69-84.
Nunkoo, R., Smith, S.L. and Ramkissoon, H., 2013. Residents’ attitudes to tourism: A longitudinal study of 140 articles from 1984 to 2010. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(1), pp.5-25.
Ryan, C. and Aicken, M. eds., 2005. Indigenous tourism: The commodification and management of culture. Elsevier.
Ryan, C. and Huyton, J., 2000. Aboriginal tourism--a linear structural relations analysis of domestic and international tourist demand. The International Journal of Tourism Research, 2(1), p.15.
Ryan, C. and Huyton, J., 2002. Tourists and aboriginal people. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(3), pp.631-647.
Schianetz, K., Kavanagh, L. and Lockington, D., 2007. The learning tourism destination: The potential of a learning organisation approach for improving the sustainability of tourism destinations. Tourism Management, 28(6), pp.1485-1496.
Timothy, D.J., 2007. Managing heritage and cultural tourism resources. Ashgate.
Tribe, J., 2006. The truth about tourism. Annals of tourism research, 33(2), pp.360-381.
Zeppel, H., 2002. Indigenous tourism in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, North Queensland. Australian Aboriginal Studies, (2), p.65.
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