Discuss about the Man Relevant In Today’s Organizations.
“Despite all the changes in the business environment, is the Organization Man relevant in today’s organizations?” Discuss
Organizational behavior refers to the study of organization including the groups and individuals involved in day to day activities. Basically it is related to the study of human behavior within the organization and the interface between the human behavior and the organization. The main motive behind the study of organizational behavior is to make the organization more efficient and also to achieve the goals in an effective manner. There are some factors or forces that affect an organization and we can classify them into four areas-
- People: People are the essential part of the organization. Everything depends on the working pattern of the employees. If the employees or people are efficient enough then the goals and objectives can be achieved easily (Miner, 2015).
- Technology: The organization should take into consideration updated technology so that work can be finished in effective way. The technology also plays an important role in the conducting day to day operations of the business.
- Structure: The structure of the organization should be designed in proper way. If the structure of the organization if efficient enough then the organization can easily achieve its goals and objectives.
- Environment: There should be friendly environment in the organization so that employees can feel comfortable to work in effective manner. Every employee like the organization where the environment is good enough to conduct the day to day operations (Armstrong and Taylor, 2014).
There should be proper management of all these forces for the goal accomplishment and the growth of the organization. There are many contemporary motivational theories that are used by organization to attract and retain employee’s like-
- Self- determination theory- It is related to the behavior of the people when they are not in control. This theory says that employees should never lose the control even when they face any difficult situation.
- Goal- Setting Theory- Goal setting theory says that the tasks given to the employees should be challenging enough for them so it can improve the performance of the organization. There is an assumption of this theory that employees are committed to the goals of the organization and they will contribute in it effectively.
- Self-efficacy theory- This theory is known as social learning theory. It describes the thoughts of the employees regarding any particular task or work allotted to them. If employees of an organization have a high efficacy then they will be more confident and that can increase the chances of success of the organization.
- Equity theory- In this theory, employees calculates the inputs and the outputs for themselves and then compares it to any other person in the organization (Betsch and Haberstroh, 2014).
There are different types of employees in the organization and they behave in a different way. Different types of behavior are-
- Cognitive- People who behaves in a cognitive way are always eager to represent their thoughts, beliefs, knowledge and ideas about something. They are expressive in nature.
- Affective- Affective behavior refers to the feeling that is brought outside relating to something, like hate, love, fear etc.
- Conative- It is also known as the behavioral component and it focuses on people who behave in a different way for different things. Their behavior varies from situation to situation (Giacalone and Rosenfeld, 2013).
There is a lot of importance of evidence management. This term has come in existence in the 1990s for medicine background but now its principle has applied to education, social work, management etc. Evidence management describes that all the management decisions should be taken according to critical thinking and the best evidence available. There can be any type of evidence like research, business information, reports, information etc. Evidence based approaches can be applied to interpret management and organizational behavior. It helps in making better management decisions as it involves critical thinking and these decisions can be applied in the organization in an effective way as it considers best evidence available (Pinder, 2014).
Communication is an important part of any organization and there should be proper interpersonal and personal skills adopted by the employees. It includes-
- Verbal communication- There should be proper words and proper way to communicate in the organization so that it can be clearly understandable.
- Non- Verbal communication- Non – Verbal communication plays and important part as we all know actions speaks louder than words. So, while communication, there should be proper facial expressions, body language and hand gestures.
- Listening- It is important to listen things carefully and process the information in a correct way.
- Negotiation skills- It refers to the set of skills that helps in negotiation in a professional manner and reaches to a decision (Locke and Latham, 2013).
Success of an organization does not depend upon the work or efforts of an individual employee but the efforts of the team. Team building in an important part in organization’s success in many ways-
- Delegation of responsibility- When people work in a team, they can able to know the weaknesses and strengths of the team member. By knowing this, they can manage their tasks accordingly and it will not become difficult for weak people to fulfill their task in the best manner.
- Efficiency of team- When people work in team, it becomes very easy for them to complete the tasks quickly and efficiently. Accuracy for the tasks is also good in teamwork. This helps the organization to assign more than one tasks to a team and it does not require hiring new employees for the same (Loock, Staake and Thiesse, 2013).
- Support- When people work in a team, they support each other and help each other in every way. Team work creates a sense of responsibility within each team member. If there is proper team work in the organization then the goals and objectives can be achieved in effective manner (Haslam, van Knippenberg, Platow and Ellemers, 2014).
There are many problems that the organizations are facing now days. For resolving such problems, organizational behavior theories can be applied. Listening is an important factor for problem solving as listening makes things more clear, transparent and understandable. It helps in discovering the core problem. After knowing the problem, evaluation should be done. Evaluation refers to a process of information gathering with the help of listening and then makes results out of it. There are many steps to be undertaken to find out the solution. It is important to consult with others before taking any decision. A decision plays an important role in conducting day to day operations of the business. If it is taken in correct manner then the organization can easily achieve its goals and objectives (Luthans, Luthans and Luthans, 2015).
America had turned into a nation of employees who “take the vows of organization life”. This statement is correct in the context of organization United States as the organizations has started using organizational behavior approach to resolve the problem and making the best outcome out of the efforts done by the employees. They motivate employees to work in teams and employees get support by their team members that helps them to achieve the goals and fulfill the task within the given deadline. If the goals and objectives are achieved in effective manner then it is seen that there is enhancement in the working pattern. These approaches have been very useful for organizations to work efficiently and making a positive environment in the organizations. It leads to low employee turnover and higher employee satisfaction (DuBrin, 2013).
Armstrong, M. and Taylor, S., 2014. Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers.
Betsch, T. and Haberstroh, S. eds., 2014. The routines of decision making. Psychology Press.
DuBrin, A.J., 2013. Fundamentals of organizational behavior: An applied perspective. Elsevier.
Giacalone, R.A. and Rosenfeld, P. eds., 2013. Impression management in the organization. Psychology Press.
Haslam, S.A., van Knippenberg, D., Platow, M.J. and Ellemers, N. eds., 2014. Social identity at work: Developing theory for organizational practice. Psychology Press.
Locke, E.A. and Latham, G.P. eds., 2013. New developments in goal setting and task performance. Routledge.
Loock, C.M., Staake, T. and Thiesse, F., 2013. Motivating Energy-Efficient Behavior with Green Is: An Investigation of Goal Setting and the Role of Defaults. Mis Quarterly, 37(4).
Luthans, F., Luthans, B.C. and Luthans, K.W., 2015. Organizational behavior: An evidence-based approach. IAP.
Miner, J.B., 2015. Organizational behavior 1: Essential theories of motivation and leadership. Routledge.
Pinder, C.C., 2014. Work motivation in organizational behavior. Psychology Press.