1.The case study upholds the interest of Lian, a student of China, towards the application of organizational behavioural theories to the workplaces. The perspective of projection is research proposal, consisting of the research title, background, questions and objectives. At the end of the proposal, Lian poses certain questions for the readers to assess the effectiveness, appropriateness of his assumptions. Assessing the effectiveness of the propositions raises concerns regarding Lian’s capability to make practical application of the skills and knowledge, which he is receiving from his professors.
2.The dynamics of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB) first raises doubt over the proposed title
of the research. This is because of the words “citizenship” and “employees of a Chinese organization. Moreover, the variables
“Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB” and “Chinese organization” are also contradictory. This is because the behavioural theories and concepts are applicability to all of the workplaces. In order to collect data about the behaviour of the citizens, the researcher would need to take a considerable amount of samples, which is impossible due to the limited time and the financial resources (Patten, 2016). On the other hand, paying attention to the employees means limiting the search only to one particular Chinese organization. This contradicts the true essence of the explorative research design
, which is needed for delving deep into the aspect of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB).
The research question consists of the applicability of the behavioural aspects within the Chinese organizations. The collection of insufficient data on these topics adds a hypothetical attitude to the research question. Moreover, applicability of Organizational Citizenship Behavior in other cultures nullifies the proposed question. This nullification deviates the research from the identified objectives (Orcher, 2017).
Reward system contradicts the aspect of one single organization, as mentioned in the proposed title. This is because most of the organizations now reward the employees for their best performance. However, consideration of behavioural theories and concepts like Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) enlivens the process of performance appraisal in the workplaces. Countering this, the contradictions attach a hypothetical approach to the title, question and design as a whole, questioning the propositions and assumptions made (Patten, 2016).
3.According to Panneerselvam, (2014), interview is one of the ways for collecting data from the samples. The interview with managers depicted the definition of OCB for exploring the helpful behavioural instances displayed by the employees. Here, the main focus was on the help provided by the employees, which was not required for assessing their behavioural approach towards the workplace issues. In terms of selecting the samples, probability, simple and random techniques are useful (Mackey & Gass, 2015). This is in terms of assessing the behaviour of the employees as a whole.
Knowledge of these techniques helps the researcher to collect the necessary data from the samples based on their experience in the workplace behaviour. Along with this, the researcher needs to be informed about the Data Protection Act (1998) for protecting the safety, security and privacy of the samples and the responses produced by them. An insight into this act would help the researcher to expose ethical approach towards the samples, which would enhance his post as a researcher.
Along with this, the researcher needs to possess adequate information about the sample size. For this, consideration of the time and financial resources is crucial. Mostly, research needs to be completed in a short time (Orcher, 2017). Therefore, randomly selecting the employees and managers would enable the researcher to complete the data collection process efficiently and effectively.
4.Based on the concerns, the title of the research could be The Impact of Organizational Citizenship Behavior on the organizational culture: A Case Study of China. The research question, therefore, would be: How does Organizational Citizenship Behavior contribute to the preservation of organizational culture in Chinese workplace? Based on the identified title and question, the following objectives can be proposed:
- To identify the measurement techniques used by the Chinese organizations for regulating the behaviour of the employees
- To assess the techniques of the Chinese organizations regarding the preservation of the organizational culture
- To excavate the approach of the employees of Chinese organizations towards the behaviour controlling scales.
- To examine the applicability of the behavioural theories on the Chinese workplace
- To suggest recommendations for upgrading the techniques used by the Chinese organizations for enhancing their workplace culture
Based on the identified title, question and objectives, the researcher would select explorative research design. This is in terms of exploring the measuring techniques used by the Chinese organizations for assessing the behaviour exposed by the employees. Along with this, the researcher would explore the applicability of the behavioural theory to the different workplace cultures of China. Selecting explanatory or descriptive design would compel the research to shed light on the importance of every behavioural theory and measuring scales. This would be difficult in terms of the limited time and financial resources (Panneerselvam, 2014).