Describe about the Management Information Systems for Study in Business Institutions.
Efficiency and Effectiveness of MIS to students and Faculty
The information management system of an industry is a dynamic scope of study in business institutions. The continuous change in technology, management, and business processes has created a base for the establishment of MIS in business organizations (Laudon, Laudon, and Elragal, 2011). The main examples of technologies that resulted from the adoption of MIS are the establishment of digital learning, Smartphone based education, and the creation of links in the social media.
Management information systems apply the strategic utilization of systems and technologies that communicate different information to the students some of which are explained. MIS enables the sharing of information through systems grounded on technology with the maximum interest of stakeholders as they undergo their tutorials(Peppard & Ward, 2016). Further, it enables the production of more effective integration into the institution’s value-adding processes.
It also enhances students cognitive processes in generating insight from information; they provide professionals and members in the field with the relevant data needed to support the growth, evaluation, and initiation of curriculum-based strategies. This has given birth to E-Services and online market that have raised giants in the market such as Amazon and Uber (Peppard & Ward, 2016).
Information systems can also be used in the management of emergencies. Live simulation exercises and computer-based simulations have a crucial role to play in emergency management. The requirements and need so of different stakeholders vary according to different phases of the emergency management. Several technologies exist for developing computer-based simulations. Two technologies have become popular in emergency management; virtual reality and agent based. Creating a simulator requires an understanding of how emergency personnel makes choices and decisions, how they diagnose situations, their method of communication and cooperation with fellow emergency staff and how all these things are affected by the crisis environment which is always changing (Walle et al., 2014). Stakeholders need to know the cognitive activities and processes of emergency personnel. Based on a cognitive engineering approach, we create a methodology for developing a computer-based simulator. We after that show how this method can be applied in developing a simulator for creating rescue plans and new communication technologies to tackle real-life situations.
Challenges Faced by Universities in Managing Information Systems
Management information systems, however, face some challenges for example in organizations as they try to leverage their IT investment in line with their enterprise goals.
One of these difficulties includes the management of organizational knowledge and outsourcing. Global market revenues from IT outsourcing were estimated to have grown rapidly and tremendously and while there are signs of strain , including rising wages and supply of suitably qualified graduates, India still has the world's fastest –growing and largest offshoring sector, well dominated by IT services.
There is also a question of privacy which considers issues of knowledge ownership when that knowledge, whether organizational or personal is transferred between organizations and individuals (Galliers and Leidner, 2014).
High maintenance cost for the systems. Universities are faced with the challenge of managing the information systems so that they cope with the current market demands and also to ensure that the technologies adopted are sophisticated enough to be updated when a new innovative and creative idea is gotten by a student while carrying out his or her tutorials.
Galliers, R. D., & Leidner, D. E. (2014). Strategic information management: challenges and strategies in managing information systems. Routledge.
Laudon, K. C., & Laudon, J. P. (2011). Management information systems(Vol. 8). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Van De Walle, B., Turoff, M., & Hiltz, S. R. (2014). Information systems for emergency management. Routledge.
Ward, J., & Peppard, J. (2016). The Strategic Management of Information Systems: Building a Digital Strategy. John Wiley & Sons.