country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Mental Disorders As An Issue Of Public Health Concern

tag 0 Download6 Pages 1,311 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT

Question:

Discuss about the Mental Disorders as an issue of Public Health Concern.
 
 

Answer:

Mental disorder is a term used in describing an array of conditions that vary in duration and severity. Mental disorders manifest in different ways the most common being anxiety, depression, and disorders related to substance abuse. Other lesser common but severe disorders are bipolar disorders, schizoaffective disorder, and schizophrenia[1].

The effects from mental disorders can be damaging on families and also the individuals. The effects can also be spread to the larger society. For persons suffering from severe conditions, their emotional, cognitive, as well as social abilities can be significantly interfered with[2] often resulting in reduced productivity, homelessness, under-employment, unemployment, and economic disadvantage[3]. Persons with severe disorders are usually in isolation due to the illness and associated symptoms which lead to discrimination or stigmatization[4].

Statistics on Mental Disorders

  • There are more than 450 million people around the world who live with a form of mental illness[5]
  • Alcohol dependence, dementia, epilepsy, depression, schizophrenia, and other substance abuse, neurological, and mental disorders comprise of 13 percent of the world's disease burden which is a figure that is much higher than cancer and cardiovascular disease[6].
  • By the year 2030, in middle income nations, the second to the top cause of disease burden will be depression and will be third on the list in low income nations [7]
  • Person suffering form mental illnesses in the US succumb and die at an average of 25 years earlier in comparison to the rest of the population[8]. In Denmark, the gap is at 18.7 years for specific disorders with the gap believed to be wider in third world nations.[9]
  • Suicide rates across the globe have increased by 60% over a period of 45 years[10]. Of the persons that commit suicide, 90% are those that have mental disorders that are diagnosable[11].
  • In some countries, suicide accounts for one of the leading causes of mortality among persons aged 15years and 44 years and the second cause of death in persons aged 10years to 24 years.[12]
  • 70% of persons with mental disorders in the UK are discriminated with the rates even higher in developing countries.[13]
  • Unemployment rates are as high as 90% for persons with psychosocial and mental illnesses[14]
  • Persons with severe mental disorders have a higher likelihood of developing other health risks. For example, over 75% of persons in the US with severe mental disorders are smokers while persons with bipolar disorder or depression are twice as likely to be obese when compared to the general population.[15]
 

Who is at Risk

Mental illness has no one singular cause. Mental illness results from a combination of factors: environmental, psychological, and genetic. With regard to genetics, there are persons that are predisposed to becoming ill such as those that have pre-existing thought, developmental, behavioural, or mood disorders.  Medical conditions can catalyze development of some mental conditions. An example is depression, which can be triggered by other illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, hormonal disorders, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's disease[16].

In addition, some people that are susceptible to non-food allergies are more predisposed to depression than persons who do not suffer such allergies. Further, medications can cause or exacerbate depression in people. Such medications include antibiotics, sleeping pills, some blood pressure pills, and birth control pills. Some anti-seizure drugs such as Topamax, Lamictal, and Neurontin are related to high risk of suicide occurrence[17].

The environmental risks can start prior to birth. For example, some infections during pregnancy can increase the chances of schizophrenia. A difficult childhood characterized by physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, bullying, poverty, parental loss, watching violent parents, insecure attachment, or emotional neglect are just but a few catalysts. Ethnic representation is also a determinant; minority groups in neighbourhoods where they are few in number predispose such individuals to development of mental illnesses[18].

Mental illness such as bipolar disorder has been associated with stress. For example persons that are bi-sexual, lesbian, or gay, often have increased emotional challenges which are linked to a number of social stressors that affect their coping with society's reactions to their bisexuality or homosexuality[19]. In addition, psychiatric disorders can be as a result of unemployment and increases the possibility of drug dependence by almost quadruple the number of times, and also triples the possibility of psychotic illnesses or phobia. Unemployment increases the possibility of developing obsessive compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and depression[20].

Potential Prevention Measures

The public responses to mental health risks need to be within different social group levels. The exact response will be dependent on the target group and the specific purpose.  However, broad categorisation of actions can be done as follows: protection and promotion of mental health; and improving or restoring mental health through care and treatment for persons that suffer from mental illness[21].  Three strategic directions can be taken namely: development and protection of individual attributes; support of communities and households; support for persons that are vulnerable within the society[22]

Development and protection of individual attributes: Between mothers and their children through enabling early attachment; provision of natal and parental care and training including post-partum depression; development of nurturing, stable, and safe relationships between caregivers, parents, and children. Ensure sufficient stimulation and nutrition for adolescents and children. Develop healthy community activities and ageing policies. Discourage substance abuse, encourage healthy diets and physical activity among all age groups[23].

Support of communities and households: Ensure that adolescents and children live in safe environments; prevention is targeted towards those with parents diagnosed with mental condition; prevent violence between intimate partners. Support increase of more employment opportunities, as well as safer and supportive working environments for employees.  Ensure low income households have basic living conditions such as sanitation, water, and shelter; provide financial and social protection. Ensure neighborhoods are safe; restrict availability of tobacco, drugs, and alcohol[24].

Support for persons that are vulnerable within the society: development and implementation of policies in social inclusions. Enforce policies and laws in anti-discrimination. Education should be availed and accessed by all. Implement policies in gender equity; promote freedoms and rights of women. Foster media reporting that is responsible. Conduct campaigns to raise awareness[25]

 

Bibliography

DoHA (Department of Health and Ageing) 2013. National Mental Health Report 2013: tracking progress of mental health reform in Australia 1993–2011. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

Edwards, R. (2015). Mental Health and Mental Illness. https://www.medicinenet.com/mental_health_psychology/page3.htm McLachlan R, Gilfillan G & Gordon J 2013. Deep and persistent disadvantage in Australia. Canberra: Productivity Commission.

Morgan VA, Waterreus A, Jablensky A, Mackinnon A, McGrath JJ, Carr V, et al. 2011. People living with psychotic illness: report on the second Australian national survey. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

NIH (2016). Health and Education Statistics: Suicide. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/suicide/index.shtml#part_153199 Psychiatric News (2011). People With Serious Mental Illness Have Shorter Life Expectancy.

https://alert.psychnews.org/2011/07/people-with-serious-mental-illness-have.html

Slade T, Johnston A, Teesson M, Whiteford H, Burgess P, Pirkis J et al. 2009. The mental health of Australians 2. Report on the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra: DoHA.

The Guardian (2010). Mental illness and the developing world. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2010/may/10/mental-illness-developing-world Torgovnick, K (2008). Why do the mentally ill die younger? https://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1863220,00.html#ixzz26AvjkszJ

WHO (2011). Global burden of mental disorders and the need for a comprehensive, coordinated response from health and social sectors at the country level. https://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/EB130/B130_9-en.pdf

WHO (2012). Mental Health: Suicide Data. https://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/en/

WHO. (2010) People with mental disabilities cannot be forgotten. https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2010/mental_disabilities_20100916/en/

WHO (2012). Risks to mental health: an overview of vulnerabilities and risk factors. https://www.who.int/mental_health/mhgap/risks_to_mental_health_EN_27_08_12.pdf

WHO. (2016) Mental Health: Strengthening our response. https://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs220/en/

OR

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Mental Disorders As An Issue Of Public Health Concern. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mental-disorders-as-an-issue-of-public-health-concern.

"Mental Disorders As An Issue Of Public Health Concern." My Assignment Help, 2018, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mental-disorders-as-an-issue-of-public-health-concern.

My Assignment Help (2018) Mental Disorders As An Issue Of Public Health Concern [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mental-disorders-as-an-issue-of-public-health-concern
[Accessed 09 April 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Mental Disorders As An Issue Of Public Health Concern' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mental-disorders-as-an-issue-of-public-health-concern> accessed 09 April 2020.

My Assignment Help. Mental Disorders As An Issue Of Public Health Concern [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 09 April 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mental-disorders-as-an-issue-of-public-health-concern.


MyAssignmenthelp.com delivers assignment help to millions of students of USA. We have in-house teams of assignment writers who are experts on wide ranges of subjects. We have appointed teams of native writers who provide assignment help to students in New York City and all over the USA. They are skilled assignment writers who successfully cater to search terms like do my assignment in the USA

Latest Healthcare Samples

UNCC300 Justice And Change In A Global World 3

Download : 0 | Pages : 9

Answer: Increasing In Rate Of Type 2 Diabetes Introduction: The biggest challenge confronting Australia’s health system in the 21st century is Diabetics. The fact that 280 Australians develop diabetes every day has become increasingly common (McGorry et al., 2014). The number mentioned is approximately one person in every five minutes developing people with diabetes. 1.7 million Australian approximately have diabetics, and it is a seve...

Read More arrow

CHCLEG003 Manage Legal And Ethical Compliance

Download : 0 | Pages : 11
  • Course Code: CHCLEG003
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction The term workplace equality refers to treating all people equally, regardless of the existing differences.It is considered imperative formaintaining safety in the workplace. Reports of discrimination in workplace are extremely prevalent in Australia.During 2014-2015, almost 3500 inquiries were received by various organizations in Australia. In Australia, only 53% of disabled persons are employed, which clearly demonstrate...

Read More arrow

HLST1010 Foundations Of Health Studies

Download : 0 | Pages : 5
  • Course Code: HLST1010
  • University: York University
  • Country: Canada

Answer: Introduction Many clinicians, academics and the public have been perplexed since 2009 by the fact that prescription drugs are used outside hospital setting though its’ the main treatment modalities in health care (Stephens, Handke&Doshi, 2012). Despite Canada having overall public health care system it lacks coverage for prescription drugs which are even with adverse consequences for Canadians due to gaping holes in the syst...

Read More arrow

HRES2201 Healthy Workplaces

Download : 0 | Pages : 5
  • Course Code: HRES2201
  • University: Bow Valley College
  • Country: Canada

Answer: Introduction: Employees in workplace may be exposed to many hazards such as environmental hazards and work related hazards that may hamper their productivity and intention to stay in the job. According to the human resource management (HRM) process and practice, creating a safe and health work environment is critical for success of the organization and maintaining a strong bottom line. The importance of maintaining a safe and health w...

Read More arrow

3110MED Climate Change And Public Health

Download : 0 | Pages : 8
  • Course Code: 3110MED
  • University: Griffith University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction: According to Akompab et al. (2013), the phenomenon of climate change is characterized by the alteration in the global or regional climate patterns. In this regard, it should be mentioned that the climate change data collected in between the mid to late 20th century reveal a significant increase in the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide majorly on account of fossil fuel emission. Climate change is already affecting...

Read More arrow
Next
watch

Save Time & improve Grades

Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.

question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

1,249,346

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,068

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2109 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emma Zhong

Ph.D in Project Management with Specialization in Project Communications Management

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

647 Order Completed

98% Response Time

Adlina Han

Masters in Marketing with Specialization in Branding

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2115 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Kimberley Chen

MPA in Accounting

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

752 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Hugh Cleave

Masters in Human Resource Management (MMgt, HRM)

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Just submitted my first assignment, and so happy with the quality! Will highly recommend.

flag

User Id: 400281 - 09 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

work done nicely on time. the price was so affordable and reasonable. this is my fourth assignment done by the site.

flag

User Id: 368625 - 09 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

The assignment requirements was met and the assignment was delivered timely. Pleased with the service provided and would recommend it if you are in a rush and other commitments! Worth it for the price paid as quality work was provided.

flag

User Id: 117708 - 09 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Assignment requirements were met adequately. Expert worked on the assignment swiftly and delivered the assignment timely.

flag

User Id: 117708 - 09 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?