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MGMT 1005 Organizational Behaviour

tag 0 Download 0 Pages / 0 Words tag 18-06-2022

Answer:

Journal 1

“Ganta, V. C. (2014). Motivation In The Workplace To Improve The Employee Performance. International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences, 2(6), 39-42.”

Summary of Journal

This journal article explained the fact that all the employees require motivation within workplace in order to perform in an efficient manner. It also provided an argument on the fact that few employees are motivated through monetary rewards and others are motivated through rewards and recognition (Ganta, 2014).

Strengths and Weaknesses

Major strength of the current journal is that it explains employee motivation levels of employees within the workplace have a drastic impact on their productivity. Moreover, it explained in a clarified manner that employees those remain motivated in work remain persistent, creative and productive in offering superior quality work.

Despite such strengths, the article had certain limitations as it failed to explain the relationship between employee motivation and organization performance. Additionally, the article lacked details on explaining the creative strategies focusing on which the employees can stay motivated and their performance is improved along with increased productivity of the company (Chen, Hsieh & Chen, 2014).

Conclusions

The journal concluded that employees must make effective attempts to understand motivational factors of their employees. Based on such considerations, the article concluded that employers must employ several tactics in order to motivate them relied on their personal wants and needs.

Source Relevance

This journal article is highly significant to be considered in explaining the motivation of employees in workplace as it explains motivation results from communication of both conscious and unconscious aspects. The article also critically explained that internal as well as external aspects which stimulate desire and energy in employees remains highly committed to a job and focuses on attaining job role.

Background of Author

The author of the journal “Vinay Chaitanya Ganta” is a junior research fellow and has a PhD degree. The person belongs to department of management and commerce studies in Andhra University.

Personal Conclusions on Journal

Almost all employees require motivation in order to feel motivated and encouraged in their work in order to perform better. Motivation level of employees has an increased impact on their productivity. It is also gathered that employers recognize workers through tracking progress and through offering feedback regarding the ways in which they have improved over years. Additionally, public recognition also serves as a motivating factor that increases productivity of employees. Certain major strategies for employee motivation includes increased expectations, addressing employee needs, rewards on job performance, developing wok based goals, trading employees fairly and efficient punishment and discipline.

Journal 2

“Osabiya, B. (2015). The effect of employees motivation on organizational performance. Journal Of Public Administration And Policy Research, 7(4), 62-75.”

Summary of Journal

The journal intended to reveal certain factors that impacts motivation of construction workers along with its associated impact of motivational factors on overall productivity and employee performance. The journal revealed top ten critical factors such as teamwork, work relied on contract; supervision relied on leadership through instance and equipment provision (Osabiya, 2015).

Strengths and Weaknesses

The strength of the journal was surrounding the fact that it explained employees must be promoted to ensure superior job performance and must be given chances to share ideas to affairs of the company for this can develop their morale and result in increased productivity. The journal also focused on the ways in which management can employ merit award for variances displayed in job performance by any employee.

Despite several strengths of the journal, there are certain limitations observed in the article. The journal failed to analyze the ways in which management can make positive efforts in the direction of improving and maintaining proper interaction system between the three management levels and subordinates (Gutsche & Griffith, 2017).

Conclusions

The journal concluded that all the employees appointed in a job must be trained so that they can enjoy performing at their best in the workplace. It was also gathered that employees are highly motivated when they are provided responsibility and some authority. Talented, hard working along with talented employees must be supported to develop their full potential in order to remain motivated.

Source Relevance

This journal selected foe explaining importance of employee motivation within workplace is highly relevant for the reason that all the employee motivation theories are explained in the journal. It also explained that motivational theories predict behavior and is concerned with action along with external and internal forces that impacts an individual’s choice of action.

Background of Author

The authors of this journal are Osabia and Babatunde Joseph those belong to National Open University of Nigeria.

Personal Conclusions on Journal

Employees in the workplace which remain motivated have a sense of belonging, achievement and recognition. If employees are encouraged through motivation they can entertain that they will work towards achieving their best in the company. For such reasons, needs of all the employees must be addressed. In addition, they must be involved in several workshops and seminars as they have a considerable role in reviewing past with criticisms. Use of regular performance reviews along with recognition on systematic analysis can also help in motivating the employees.

Journal 3

“Burton, K. (2012). A Study of Motivation: How to Get Your Employees Moving. Management, 6(1), 23-34.”

Summary of Journal

The journal explained several theories of motivation that includes Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Herzberg’s two-factor theory, Aristotle’s seven causes and distinct motivation types. The article also explained through taking examples of these motivational theories that all specific needs of employees can be addressed.

Strengths and Weaknesses

The journal have certain strengths in explaining that profit sharing serves as an effective way in motivating employees for the fact that the more profit is made by a company the more the employees will attain the shares of the profit. Mourner, the journal explained that the managers must priorities use of personal skills by the employees at its fullest for increasing their personal job motivation (Burton, 2012).

Despite several strengths depicted by the article in explaining positive impact of motivation in attaining effective organizational performance, there are several limitations of the article. It just focused on explaining the financial motivation and its impact on employee performance. The journal failed to provide implication on managers regarding certain non-financial motivation effects employee performance in the company (Gerhart & Fang, 2015).

Conclusions

The journal concluded that motivation is a complex concept that ca support or harm a company relied on the ways it is employed by the organization. It has also been proven that it is not possible for an individual to directly motivate others but they can offer those techniques they require in motivating themselves.

Source Relevance

This journal is deemed to be highly significant to be used in analyzing the impact of motivation of employees on their job performance. It has explained in a detailed way that how different theories can be employed by the managers sob that they can influence the employees to self motivate themselves and provide best possible performance.

Background of Author

The author of the journal Kelli Burton is a student if Indiana University. The author has developed his honors thesis focusing on employee motivation that explains the ways in which employers can make their employees moving.

Personal Conclusions on Journal

Two major reasons that employees must be motivated are to attain their individual and organizational goals. From explaining all the theories of employee motivation it is gathered that there is a requirement of motivation within the workplace along with elaborating most successful way of motivating employees through financial and non-financial aspects. Employees also offer employees with certain benefits as a method of compensation along with a recruitment tool in order to attract the motivated employees. Enabling employees to take part in profit sharing program can also increased their workplace motivation as this makes them feel that they are a vital part of the company and are directly associated with the business.

Journal 4

“Manzoor, Q. (2011). Impact of Employees Motivation on Organizational Effectiveness. Business Management And Strategy, 3(1).”

Summary of Journal

Empowerment and recognition has a vital role in improving employee motivation in the direction of attaining organizational tasks. Through appreciating employees for their accomplished job and offering them chance to participate in decision making can internally satisfy employees regarding their job, organization and its environment.

Strengths and Weaknesses

The strengths of selected journal includes its increased attempt in explaining effectiveness of several motivational styles such as autocratic leadership styles, authoritarian rules along with mechanistic design of the company in making successful decision making. It also explained effectively that in such type of organizational environment, the employees might not reveal their creativity (Manzoor, 2011). Moreover, their motivation might also get affected that can have a direct negative impact on organizational growth.

Along with certain strengths, the journal also has certain weaknesses. The journal did not focus on the fact that organizational effectiveness centres on locating targets along with achieving them effectively within energetic surroundings (Hur et al., 2016).

Conclusions

It was concluded from the journal that empowerment and recognition factors are essential for improving employee motivation that results in organizational effectiveness. It was also gathered that companies must develop their rules, organizational structures and policies that offers enough space to employees for working towards achieving organizational goals and get appreciation.

Source Relevance

This journal is selected for analyzing the impact of employee motivation in workplace as it is significant in associating employee motivation factors with employee motivation and company effectiveness. It also explained certain important policies that must be developed by companies in supporting employee motivation and recognition.

Background of Author

Quartul-Ain Manzoor is the author of the journal. The author belongs to the department of management sciences in Islamic University of Bahawalpur and explained impact of employee motivation within organizational efficiency.

Personal Conclusions on Journal

If empowerment and recognition of employees in a company is enhanced, their motivation towards the work tends to increase. There is a positive association between organizational effectiveness and employee motivation. If employees are motivated through empowerment and recognition it can further increase organizational success.

Summary of Journal

Three are certain drivers of employee motivation focused on increased level of organizational performance. These factors such as recognition and empowerment enhance employee motivation. Job absenteeism rate will decrease if the employees are offered with increased incentives and better work conditions. Employees can be motivated through increased commission and effective work environment.

Strengths and Weaknesses

The strength of the journal is that it explained in a detailed manner that empowerment process of the organization centres on dealing with problems of the company and its employees. The journal explained the contribution of employees and their involvement in developing an organization and the ways in which increasing interpersonal competence can motivate the employees in attaining organizational goals.

Despite several strengths of the journal, there are certain limitations of the article. The journal failed to explain that if the employees are appreciated through financial and non-financial means and are involved within decision making process of the organization they can indicate increased enthusiasm. It did not elaborate that such enthusiasm and motivation can result in improved productivity and employee loyalty (Messenger, Spurk & Kauffeld, 2015).

Conclusions

The findings of the journal concluded that management must analyze employee suggestion scheme and gather feedback from employees for enhancing organizational environment and address their skills and needs. It is also gathered that a motivated and skilled workforce is vital for an organization that desires to increase its productivity and consumer satisfaction.

Source Relevance

This journal is deemed to be significant in explaining employee motivation within workplace and its effect on organizational performance. This journal also explain the relevance of increasing employee motivation through signifying that motivation enhances behavior and acts as an internal drive to attain organization goal (Dobre, 2013).

Background of Author

Ovidiu-Iliuta Dobre is the author of this journal article who belongs to The Bucharest University of Economic Studies. The author in this journal has focuses on explaining the employee motivation and its impact on organizational performance.

Personal Conclusions on Journal

Employee motivation within workforce means willingness of a worker to make efforts and take appropriate action in attaining organizational goals. Huge attempts must be made by manager of the organization in revealing ways to generate and maintain employee motivation. Moreover, an organization must also focus on decreasing job dissatisfaction of employees by improving working conditions, compensation and supervision.

References

Burton, K. (2012). A Study of Motivation: How to Get Your Employees Moving. Management, 6(1), 23-34.

Chen, C. A., Hsieh, C. W., & Chen, D. Y. (2014). Fostering public service motivation through workplace trust: Evidence from public managers in Taiwan. Public Administration, 92(4), 954-973.

Dobre, O, I. (2013). Employee Motivation and Organizational Performance. Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, 5(1), 53.

Ganta, V. C. (2014). Motivation In The Workplace To Improve The Employee Performance. International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences, 2(6), 39-42.

Gerhart, B., & Fang, M. (2015). Pay, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, performance, and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annu. Rev. Organ. Psychol. Organ. Behav., 2(1), 489-521.

Gutsche, K., & Griffith, J. (2017, July). Automating Motivation: A Workplace Analysis of Service Technicians and the Motivational Impact of Automated Assistance. In International Conference on Serviceology (pp. 101-108). Springer, Cham.

Hur, W. M., Hur, W. M., Moon, T., Moon, T., Jun, J. K., & Jun, J. K. (2016). The effect of workplace incivility on service employee creativity: the mediating role of emotional exhaustion and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Services Marketing, 30(3), 302-315.

Manzoor, Q. (2011). Impact of Employees Motivation on Organizational Effectiveness. Business Management And Strategy, 3(1).

Massenberg, A. C., Spurk, D., & Kauffeld, S. (2015). Social support at the workplace, motivation to transfer and training transfer: a multilevel indirect effects model. International Journal of Training and Development, 19(3), 161-178.

Osabiya, B. (2015). The effect of employees motivation on organizational performance. Journal Of Public Administration And Policy Research, 7(4), 62-75.

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