In the present age of scientific advancements, proficient and timely deliveries of healthcare services and facilities to the people have become a major vital and crucial issue for the healthcare units, doctors and the hospitals. The rapid growth and advancement in the field of telecommunications as well as positioning systems has provided a significant opportunity in development of location based healthcare services and facilities for delivering proficient healthcare services and facilities to the people. The following research aims at designing and developing a Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System which will significantly enable provision of profound remote healthcare facilities and services. The following proposal explains the overall outline of the undertaken research. The overall Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System can provide significant help or assistance to the respective patients in their overall search for nearby health centers and doctors and can also assist the doctors in monitoring the various health issues of their patients remotely and to significantly track the patients location during any kind of emergency situation?
In the present age, providing proficient and timely healthcare facilities to the people has become a major issue for the hospitals and doctors. For prevention, control and monitoring of various chronic diseases like arrhythmia and hypertension the use of telemedicine has been widely incorporated in the modern medical science (Tan, 2005). The overall aim of the undertaken project is to design and develop a Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System which will enable the hospitals and doctors to provide efficient and timely services to the patients. Incorporating mobile technologies in telemedicine services enables the hospitals and doctors to receive biomedical signals such as cardiac performance, blood pressure, insulin level and others directly from the patients which in turn significantly allow the doctors or hospitals to monitor their patients at any time or place. Services that are location based generally comprises of a certain communication network, mobile device, positioning component and an application, data and service provider. The overall Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System can significantly assist the respective patients in searching for nearby health centers and doctors and also facilitates the doctors in monitoring the various health issues of their patients remotely and to significantly track the patients location during any kind of emergency situation. The overall undertaken project significantly aims at developing a proficient Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System for enhancing and improving the overall healthcare facilities and services that are provided to the people.
2. Literature Review
2.1 Mobile Cardio and Healthcare System
With implementation of wireless communication network or system it is significantly possible to facilitate the overall remote health monitoring or medical treatment and other medical services which can extensively secure the life of the patients at any place or time. The key elementary features or aspects of mobile wireless system or network are significant battery life, portability, ease of use, encrypted communication and complete duplex support. With the technological advancements in the present age remote health care monitoring systems can be significantly incorporated in enhancing the overall health monitoring of patients remotely.
2.2.1 Importance of Mobile Cardio and Healthcare Systems
Various chronic diseases such as arrhythmia, hypertension and others can be extensively and comprehensively prevented and controlled by significant monitoring of the various psychological parameters and handling them with outmost medical care. Owing to the growth and advancements of the communication technologies, medical monitoring is now possible with significant transmission and exchange of various psychological information. Electrocardiogram (ECG) can be extensively considered to be a significant tool which can be effectively incorporated for detection of cardiac diseases. The overall system of cardiovascular monitoring can be significantly enhanced by incorporating the use of mobile and wireless technology.
2.2 Location Based Facilities and Services in Health systems and Healthcare
The advancements in the field of telecommunication and positioning systems has comprehensively and extensively contributed to the overall development of location based healthcare services and facilities (Wheeler, 2004). In the year of 2006, S.H. Chew proposed a specific location based system of healthcare which can be considered to be a personalized healthcare application. The overall system was significantly build in a form of a hybrid location or mobile based tracking system for tracking and monitoring of the patients in case of any emergencies. For designing this type of a model, the use of cellular mobile technology or network infrastructure and Global Positioning System (GPS) was significantly incorporated.
2.3 Dijkstra’s Algorithm
Dijkstra’s Algorithm is one of the most significant and popular algorithms that can be significantly used in designing of the Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System. The algorithm was proposed by Edsger Dijkstra in the year of 1959. The overall algorithm significantly produces a graph showing the shortest route between two nodes. This algorithm can be used in the proposed Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System for finding out the shortest part between the patient and the hospital.
3. Research Approach
The Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System can be said to comprise of three major subsystems:
- Monitoring system for the patients.
- Emergency system for tracking of patients.
- HP (Healthcare Point) locator network for showing the nearest hospitals or clinics to the patient.
The above figure depicts the overall architecture of the undertaken project. The overall architecture consists of the following components:
- Patient Location.
- Network Infrastructure
- Mobile Doctor
- Medical care and hospital
- Telemedicine Server.
First of all the statistics of the patient including blood pressure and heartbeat will be sent to the cellular network (Moore, 2006). In case of emergency statistics, GPS will be used in monitoring of the patients current location. The overall information relating to the patient will be then send to the Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System server which will then forward the overall information to the respective doctor. In case of the doctor being busy the management of the respective healthcare unit will forward the information to a secondary doctor or physician. In case of any emergency cases EMS (Emergency Medical Service) will be initiated and ambulance will be sent to the patients location by calculating the shortest part using Dijkstra’s algorithm.
4. Preliminary Results
For the purpose of the project a pseudo code of the Dijkstra’s algorithm has been significantly developed for searching or navigation of the shortest path in case of any emergency medical services which requires ambulance services to the current location of the patient. Before the execution of the algorithm, the overall area of the destination and the source will be significantly converted into a graphical form, in which the unique cell IDs will enable the identification of the health centres as the vertices in the graph. The overall will be then computed to find out the shortest distance through the shortest path generating spanning tree.
5. Project Plan and Implications
5.1 Shortest part
The healthcare locator and the overall emergency system that will be developed is required to make a significant optimum search for finding out the shortest route between the patients and the hospital or the medical care unit. In case of any emergency ambulance will be sent to the patients location as fast as possible which significantly requires the need for searching of an optimum and shortest path (Firestone, 2009). For this purpose Dijkstra’s algorithm will be incorporated in the Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System for finding out the shortest path between the patient’s current location and the hospital or the respective medical care unit.
An application based on JAVA will be developed for running of the overall application in the platforms of Windows, Android or IOS on the client side. For running of the application in the server side Oracle (mySQL) will be used for its ability to support SQL, stored procedure, functional procedure and virtualization. The Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System will incorporate a significant Database Management System for storing information regarding the health of the patients and the primary as well as secondary doctors or physicians.
Mobile Cardiac and Clinical Emergency System can significantly enhance the overall healthcare system and facilities provided to the patients. The overall system can significantly track the current location of the patient in case of any emergency situations which can enable the ambulances to locate the shortest path or distance between the patients and the nearest healthcare units for providing timely services to the patients. Thus it can be significantly said that the undertaken project can be of an extensive and significant benefit for the overall healthcare units, doctors and hospitals for providing timely and proficient services to the respective patients (Feng, 2008).
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