Discuss about the Modern Technology.
Since ancient times, technology has been progressing in a logical way where each discovery is leading on from its predecessor (Roco and Bainbridge 2013). Since the period when human discovered fire till the current age, technology has been related to invention. Technology has evolved with the years and is capable of increasing the capabilities of human. It can be applied to the individuals fulfilling their needs and requirements of their day to day activities in their lives. Modern technology is, thus, an advancement of the old technology. The main application of the use of the modern technology is in facilitating the daily life activities of the individuals. Although, there have been considerable accomplishments in the field of technology and innovation, there has been debate on the impact of modern technology in human life.
Evolution of Modern Technology
Humans have been involved with the larger ecological and geographical range since their emergence about 60,000 years ago (Stewart and Stringer 2012). The humans started occupying every terrestrial habitat including the remote places in the globe by about 10,000 years ago. This accomplishment requires them to implement an unparalleled feat of adaptation where humans were required to adapt to the vast range of different environments including the hot dry deserts, unproductive forests and arctic tundra. Here, the use of technology came into existence. According to Boyd, Richerson and Henrich (2013), this utilization of technology provided them with spears and bows and arrows at the later stage to process kills and hides. These tools helped them in shaping wood and bones which enabled them to make their own shelter and clothing. Moreover, the technology also gave them fire making paraphernalia which helped them in cooking food, and provided them with heat and light. At the later stage, the handicraft technology provided them with the slings, pottery and baskets which facilitated the storage and transport. Boats, fishhooks and cordages helped them in expanding their ranges to oceans and lakes. This technology also enabled them to exploit on the costal habitats which were richer in protein. According to Brandon (2014), the technological adaptation had been specific to local environments owing to the issues that were required to be solved had been varying from place to place. The technology also helped the humans in regulating their body temperatures and getting food in even the extreme situation.
From the evolution of humans till the 21st century, the technology has evolved with a blinding speed. The 20th century saw huge evolution within a few generations. The number of transistors incorporated on an integrated circuit has doubled every 18 months for almost five decades (Boyd, Richerson and Henrich 2013). According to Hakansson (2015), the rates of the development of technology has been much faster than the rates of generic adaptation in humans. The utilization of the modern technology can be described below as:
Easy Access to Information
The major achievement of the modern technology is the invention of the broadband internet. According to Hersberger (2013), with the invention of internet, the individuals can get access to the required information at any instant of time from anywhere around the world. Moreover, the invention of smart gadgets has facilitated the easy access of the internet and has simplified the way the individuals get information.
Encouraging Innovation and Creativity
According to Chesbrough (2013), the modern technology involves the innovation process and hence, it requires the individuals to exploit on their creativities at the full potential. As for example, it had been very difficult to even start a business for the individual in the past as it required lot of capital. Besides, these individuals also had limited access to the information related to the businesses well. Today, the individuals with the same capabilities can start their own business by selling their works online. This helps in encouraging creativity in them.
According to Knapp, Hall and Horgan (2013), the communication is a very important aspect for the development of mankind. The advanced communication tools have been blessed by the modern technology. The communication devices include the e-mail, mobile phones, e-fax machines, video conferencing and social networking applications. The modern technology facilities the invention of theses technology tools for simplifying the way the human communicate among each other. All these modern technologies helping in reducing down the geographical gap by allowing the communication for the individuals who are located at distant places.
Convenience of Travelling
The handicraft technology had been helpful in with the slings, pottery and baskets which facilitated the transport system back in the medieval period. According to McClellan III and Dorn (2015), this handicraft technology has been modernized with the advent of the modern technology wherein it became very easy to travel to even longer distances. With the invention of electric trains and airplanes, people can travel to far places within a few minutes or hours.
Improved Lifestyle and Housing
According to Abbaszadeh, Moghadam and Saadatian (2013), the technology can be applied to the individuals for fulfilling their needs and requirements of their day to day activities in their lives. The main application of the use of the modern technology is in facilitating the daily life activities of the individuals. The implementation of the new architectural technology has improved the types of houses being built nowadays. Most of the household items in the houses of the individual are automated. This has been the boon of modern technology.
The modern technology has played a major role in transforming the entertainment industry. According to Martin and Ertzberger (2013), the integration of the advanced information technology has embanked the individuals to select the items which they intend to buy without having to go to a physical music store. Moreover, the home entertainment has helped in innovating the audio and visual systems like video games, music and televisions which can be shared over a network by connecting with the internet.
Efficiency and Productivity
The modern technology has also helped in increasing the production of business. According to Dogramaci and Färe (2012), most of the business organizations today, have been utilizing the modern technology. This has helped them to make the hard work simpler. Moreover, the results are also very significant. As for example, the utilization of modern technology in the farming sector not only helps in saving time but also helps in reducing down on the cost involved with the process. This would, in turn, help the farmers to gain some additional profit at the end.
Convenience in Education
Learning is a process and it has become a part of our daily lives. According to Kukulska-Hulme (2012), the utilization of the modern technology has helped the life of the students to become simpler by facilitating the learning process through the application of online education. Moreover, the modern technology also helps the students to learn in a better way. A for example, the utilization of gadgets including the iPads and laptops have been helping the students to gain access to the shared visual lessons in the classroom.
Modern technology has also been helping in discovering old friends and new people in the network. According to Bijker et al. (2012), the social media and networking have also been utilized by many business organizations for promoting their services and products online. Moreover, many organizations utilize the social networking for interacting with the customers as well. This, social networking is the fastest mode of communication wherein an individual can interact with the others in all sort of ways.
Most of the hospital today, have also been utilizing the modern technology to keep the medical records of the patients, doctors and employees working in the organization. According to Street, Gold and Manning (2013), the implementation of the automation system in the business process of the hospital have made the data manipulation and storing to become simpler. Moreover, the utilization of the modern technology in the surgical rooms including the CT Scan, MRI, and other devices have reduced down the errors made by the doctors.
Several researchers are also of the opinion that the modern technology may result in the issues which could be devastating for the not only the humans but also for the entire world. Some of the curse of the modern technology and its implications has been described below.
According to King et al. (2013), the increased dependency on modern tools like the use of computational devices including the calculators have reduced the creativity of humans. The authors further argue that the individuals who solve the problems with the aid of any calculating device have reduced chances of enhancement of their respective creativities. Thus, according to the authors, the modern technology increases the dependency on modern tools and hampers with the growth of brains in the individuals choosing the technology.
Modern technology has been utilized by many political powers across the globe to forecast their prowess in the field. It has also been linked with the endless wars. According to Horowitz and Narang (2013), the modern weapons can be destructive if fallen in the hand of criminals or any individuals who are having illegitimate motives. Thus, the modern technology is always linked with the production of destructive weapons including the nuclear bombs and other biological weapons that are capable destroying the entire world.
From the analysis of the above discussion, it can be evident that the technological change is gradual and has been facilitating the innovation for supporting the daily life activities of the humans. Since the evolution of humans till the 21sts century, Technology has evolved with eh years and is capable of increasing the capabilities of human. The main application of the use of the modern technology is in facilitating the daily life activities of the individuals. Although there have been considerable accomplishments in the field of technology and innovation, there has been debate on the impact of modern technology in the lives of humans. The literature has been able to illustrate on the impacts of the technology in the modern life. It should be noted that the technology can be boon and curse at the same time depending upon the nature of the usage of the same. The literature helped in demonstrating the different situations where the modern technology has been acting as a boon the human society. It also illustrated some of the major drawback of the modern technology if not properly handled. However, if we neglect some of the issues related to the utilization of the modern technology, it could be stated that the modern technology has been providing benefits for the humans since their evolution. It should be noted that if we do not control the usage of the modern technology, we may end up harming ourselves, our society and environment as well.
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