$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Multinational Corporations In Political Environments

tag 0 Download9 Pages / 2,121 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT


Discuss about the Multinational Corporations in Political Environments.



The company in focus today is an Australian – British multinational by the name Rio Tinto.  It is the second largest metal and mining corporation in Australia after BHP Billiton and among the largest mining corporations in the world. The company was initially founded in 1873 in Spain when a group of investors formed a consortium and purchased a mine complex in Rio Tinto. This was in Huelva area of Spain and was bought from the government. It is a leader in production of minerals like aluminum, copper, uranium, iron ore, diamonds and coal. Through mergers and acquisitions, the company has grown in leaps and bounds since its inception crossing borders into many countries and becoming a multinational. Its primary focus is mineral extraction although it has significant refining operations in Canada and Australia (Dunning, 2013).

Rio Tinto has joint offices that act as its headquarters for operational services. As a British- Australian multinational, it has offices in both London and Melbourne Australia. In Britain it operates as Rio Tinto global plc. While in Australia it operates as Rio Tinto Limited. It is also a duo- listed company and trades in both the London Stock Exchange and the Australian Security exchange. It is also a S&P / ASX 200 component. It owns many subsidiaries which are fully or partly owned.

It has more than 50, 000 employees globally while it has many in Australia and United Kingdom. It is among the largest employers in Australia (Rio Tinto, 2008).


The company operates under the duo- listed company structure which operates as the executive committee and the board of directors. The major executives under the company are

  • Jean-Sebastian Jacques- CEO
  • Jan Du Plesis- Chairman

The company’s failure to diversify in its earlier stages of mergers and acquisition led to BHP doing very well in Australian mineral sector.

The purpose of this article is to provide the reader with an overview of the impacts of the mining industry on the environment and give an insight into the relationship between the industry and sustainable development.

The economic development of countries and society is a product of an important contribution of the mining industry, since through it materialize dreams of families, entrepreneurs and society in general. It is, argued that the mining sector has enormous influence on economic activity, employment and growth rates (Adeyeye, 2012).

Characterization of environmental impacts in the abiotic environment
The mining industry associated with the development of countries, the generation, improvement and transformation of structure, undoubtedly seeks to meet the needs that society presents.

On the other hand, its environmental management has as objective to treat the impacts or changes, whether adverse or beneficial, derived from the different practices in the different stages of the development of a mining . In this context the aspects of the human and natural environment and their interactions with mining projects are highlighted.

The industry in question includes several sources of pollution that can be framed in the different aspects and environmental impacts typical of the economic sector and that modify the abiotic component of the ecosystems, that is, the soil, the air and the water, as described then (Mining in Western Australia, n.d.):
 Soil: it is fundamentally altered by solid, liquid and / or hazardous waste generated in industry and associated with dismantling, cleaning, dismantling, excavation, demolition, hydraulic works and road mining, among others .


The law states that the discharge of mining debris and debris has many negative effects on the environment, among others: pollution, excessive use of materials with the consequent loss of natural resources, degradation of landscape quality and alteration of Natural drainage. On the other hand, the waste of material, hand of
Work and transport that involve the residues, has also negative consequences, since it raises the final costs of mining.

In the final course of the useful life of the mining, all materials used often become debris, ie large amounts (50%) are presented as waste materials.

Just as waste has important influence on soil, land use, acidification, eutrophication and Eco toxicity also do so, and are fundamentally characterized by the change generated to the ecosystem (Sleeboom-Faulkner, 2010).

The earth movements generate alteration of the geomorphology, the loss of vegetation cover, cause faster erosion processes and sometimes, when using explosives for excavations in the mining industry, it is possible to generate slopes instability which would lead to A risk of landslides and landslides that can generate both infrastructure losses and human losses.

The mining industry has had a strong influence on the development of nations, both in their economic structures and in the well-being of the community. However, inherent to its actions and its economic activity, this industry is continuously in interaction with the environment, having as a priority the respect and conservation of the same.

Environmental management is a necessity and a strategy for the sustainability of a country's economy. The starting point is the identification of environmental aspects and the evaluation of the environmental impact, in order to analyze and evaluate the effects and modifications that can have a system, organization, project or mining site.


Considering cities as ecosystems vulnerable to economic, social, cultural and environmental actions, these are seen as sources of pollution of the environment, given the burden they bear in terms of population, resource decline and industry in general. A framework of sustainability, the mining industry has a challenge and responsibility to include environmental management in the value chain of its constructive developments, paying special attention to the excessive consumption of the world resources as one of the main components of the starting point of all development (Rio Tinto Business With Communities Program, 2000).

The objective of this article is to explore the main regulatory challenges for the multilateral trading system arising from new technologies and their implications for Australia and New Zealand.
The second section presents an overview of the impact of some disruptive innovations on world trade, highlighting changes in forms of production and exchange, new types of goods and services, and other trade-related costs. The third section examines the challenges for the multilateral trading system, exploring both horizontal issues and sectors that will require regulatory changes. Finally, the fourth section analyzes the opportunities and the challenges that open up with this scenario for the countries of the region.

Proposals to reform the current global tax system are clearly insufficient and institutions promoting international cooperation in the tax field are not inclusive enough. "

That is the conclusion of the Independent Commission for the Reform of International Corporate Taxation, which today will reveal a document that includes global recommendations on the subject, and in which the.

Likewise, the statement points out that abusive tax practices constitute a form of corruption. "This is true even when corporate practices adhere to legality and when they use their political influence to bring about tax laws that give them room to commit such abuses."

They also ask that multinationals tax as a single entity doing business on an international scale. "This is the key to any reform in this field, because multinationals usually structure transfer pricing and other financial arrangements to transfer the benefits they generate to screen companies based in jurisdictions with low taxation (Squire, 2013).

Likewise, they refer to the tax havens, which they accuse of facilitating abusive tax maneuvers that generate enormous damages for the world community.

In the declaration of principles, the group of experts calls for greater transparency and access to the information of global companies, while recommending to broaden the debate on the tax avoidance of multinationals and make it more accessible to the public.


In addition to single taxation and transparency, the Independent Commission for International Corporate Tax Reform recommends curbing tax competition, ensuring compliance with regulations, reform tax treaties and developing a more inclusive system of international tax cooperation.
Instead of allowing income derived from the control or ownership of intellectual property rights to a low taxing jurisdiction, such income should be attributed to the jurisdictions where the intellectual property was developed or, if sold, Allocate according to objective economic factors such as sales and employment.

The Commission argues that States should examine the side effects of the tax advantages they grant to multinationals and eliminate those that would lead to tax evasion in another country. All countries should make public the incentives, tax advantages and income exclusions they offer to global companies.
The report says it is necessary to take further legal action before the Australian Commission to clarify the factors that qualify certain tax benefits granted to companies as illegal state aid and curb the use of tax advantages.

The Commission recommends imposing criminal sanctions on abusive practices and developing a tax withholding model, which requires the withholding of taxes on payments of interest, dividends, royalties and other payments between subsidiaries of global companies, before That such payments cross borders.

What are the treaties, conventions or agreements that have impacted on the products or services that multinational company provides in Australia?

In the final statement, experts say that not only "there are abusive tactics in the tax field by multinationals, but this increases the tax pressure on other taxpayers, violates corporate civic obligations, robs countries developed and developing critical resources to fight poverty and to finance public services, exacerbate income inequality and increase dependence on developing countries for official assistance.
Technological changes are profoundly transforming international trade, modifying the mineral and products that are exchanged, as well as the ways in which they are produced, stored, distributed, transported and traded. This new scenario opens up a variety of trade policy questions

The reality of the country's mining infrastructure is that it has had more stumbling blocks than the President of the Republic, ,estimated at the beginning of his term, when he assured that the mining-energy locomotive would remain 'at full steam' , A situation that has not been fully addressed for different reasons, such as illegal mining, infrastructure attacks and the lack of more roadways, more modern ports and an expansion of the pipeline network.

The expert says that infrastructure in the regions is key, but much more important is to forge a transfer of knowledge with communities and employees of companies to generate a more comprehensive development (Sleeboom-Faulkner, 2010).

The Australian Petroleum Association, one of the challenges for Australia is to play 'from you to you' with its trading partners and in turn 'conquer the Asian markets together'.

And in this struggle to achieve international standards in the field of crude oil, the country is achieving some of the goals it had set itself, such as the sustained production of more than 1 million barrels a day of oil, thanks to foreign investment.

The outlook for Australia is encouraging in terms of clean and sustainable energy and an example of this is that most of the electricity

The potential impact of these technologies on labor markets and income distribution could be very significant. On the one hand, many jobs, especially those with lower qualifications and lower wages, would disappear as they were automated. On the other hand, new occupations related to these technologies will emerge, while the human attributes more difficult to substitute like creativity, emotional aspects and interpersonal relationships will gain relevance. Tasks where there will be greater opportunities will likely correspond to higher levels of education and better.

With regard to the single tax return, the Commission asks States to "reject the artifice that the subsidiaries and branches of multinationals are independent entities entitled to separate tax treatment. Likewise, they propose to establish models of agreements that facilitate the participation of different jurisdictions in the distribution of income and costs attributable to a multinational that operates in these jurisdictions.

Air: its alterations are associated with dust, noise, CO2 emissions as a result of, among other activities, the use of fossil fuels, use of minerals, excavation, cutting of slopes and operation of machines and tools. For the specific case of sulfur dioxide, Medineckien, et. Al.



Adeyeye, A. (2012). Corporate Social Responsibility of Multinational Corporations in Developing Countries. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dunning, J. (2013). Multinationals. 1st ed. Routledge.

Kind, H., Midelfart-Knarvik, K. and Schjelderup, G. (2004). Trade and multinationals. 1st ed. London: Centre for Economic Policy Research.

Mining in Western Australia. (n.d.). 1st ed. Perth, W.A.: Chamber of Mines of Western Australia.

Multinational Corporations in Political Environments. (2010). 1st ed. World Scientific Pub Co Inc.

Overview of best practice environmental management in mining. (2002). 1st ed. [Canberra, A.C.T.]: Environment Australia.

Rio Tinto Business With Communities Program. (2000). 1st ed. [Melbourne]: [Rio Tinto].

Rio Tinto. (2008). 1st ed. Melbourne: Rio Tinto.

Sleeboom-Faulkner, M. (2010). Frameworks of Choice. 1st ed. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Squire, A. (2013). Minerals. 1st ed. Danbury, Conn.: Children's Press.

Download Sample

Get 100% money back after download, simply upload your unique content* of similar no. of pages or more. We verify your content and once successfully verified 100% value credited to your wallet within 7 days.

Upload Unique Document

Document Under Evaluation

Get Credits into Your Wallet

*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Multinational Corporations In Political Environments. Retrieved from

"Multinational Corporations In Political Environments." My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Multinational Corporations In Political Environments [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 11 July 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Multinational Corporations In Political Environments' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <> accessed 11 July 2020.

My Assignment Help. Multinational Corporations In Political Environments [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 11 July 2020]. Available from: delivers assignment help to millions of students of USA. We have in-house teams of assignment writers who are experts on wide ranges of subjects. We have appointed teams of native writers who provide assignment help to students in New York City and all over the USA. They are skilled assignment writers who successfully cater to search terms like do my assignment in the USA

Latest Business Law Samples

LAW101 Fundamentals Of Law

Download : 0 | Pages : 4

Answer: Negligence Issue:The issue that gave rise to this particular discussion is whether Stan has any rights to file a suit against Wendy for his own physical injury? Rule: Negligence is an act on part of an individual who tries to neglect his/ her duty of care that causes injury to another be it in physical form, mental or even economic. Negligence is deemed to be an act of carelessness on part of an individual that causes harm to an...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 8 Fundamentals of Law Sttots College 

U50032 Coursework Assessment Information

Download : 0 | Pages : 7
  • Course Code: U50032
  • University: University Of Technology Sydney
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction The company Carillon has been in news  because of its corporate failings. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the situation of Carillion which has been subjected to corporate failing in the light of directors’ duties and insolvency law in UK. The paper also provides the steps which stakeholders and shareholders of Carillion may have taken against the directors for their actions under company law. ...

Read More arrow

AB444A12 Programme: BTEC Higher National Diploma

Download : 0 | Pages : 20
  • Course Code: BUSN20016
  • University: CQ University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction: In the following report, an effort has been made to chalk out the tax environment of the UK. In pursuance of that the roles and responsibilities of the tax practitioners, the details of the documents required for the purpose of calculation and other matters like the capital gain tax and calculation of adjusted taxable profit have been properly discussed. TASK 1: The responsibility of the tax collection has been vested ...

Read More arrow

HI6027 Business And Corporate Law 5

Download : 0 | Pages : 6

Answers: 1 A sole trader is considered as an individual or any entity who practices a business alone. It is measured as the easiest method of occupation and the inexpensive procedure of the commerce where other than the sole trader no other person or entity shall be obligated for the profits incurred and the losses in the business. A Company is mentioned  as any body or organization that is devouring a separate individuality separately f...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Rozelle 8 business and corporations law Holmes Institute 

HA2022 Business Law 4

Download : 0 | Pages : 7

Answer: 1: The national sporting organizations in the territory have maintained various rules or laws to maintain their organization. There are several sporting organizations such as the Australian Football League, National Rugby League and many others. The Directory of the Sports of Australia has restricted the particulars of these organizations, in addition to it is recognized the people of the organizations who are concerned in the improve...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 8 business law Holmes Institute 

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

93 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Jackson Mitchell

MiM (Masters in Management) in Supply Chain Management

New Jersey, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2109 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emma Zhong

Ph.D in Project Management with Specialization in Project Communications Management

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2115 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Kimberley Chen

MPA in Accounting

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

3076 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emily Wei

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Civil Engineering

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

This is one class that I absolutely hate to do the discussion questions and assignments so this service has been the best thing every and my grades are always an A


User Id: 451554 - 11 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

This has been such a great service and I wish I had used them last year and before this session. Makes my life much easier.


User Id: 451554 - 11 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Always fast turn around time and quality work. Wish I had used them the last two years.


User Id: 451554 - 11 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

I am writing to inform you that I have received my grades for Human Growth & Development. They are as follows: Assignments 8 & 4 = 100%. Thank you for such professional services rendered! I am looking forward to a continued relationship in the futu...


User Id: 452606 - 11 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?