Answer To Question 1
Maintaining professional standards of nursing set by the American Nurses Association (ANA) is an obligation to the nurses (American Nurses Association, n.d.). If these standards are not maintained or followed by a healthcare professional, then, a nurse can risk his/her license of nursing practice.
Professionalism must be maintained online as well. Posting offensive photos, videos or comments, either intentionally or unintentionally, may be treated as unprofessional and unethical behaviour (Barnable, Cunning & Parcon, 2018). Some of my activities that can be considered as a breach of the professional standards of nursing are-
- Being a new nursing professional, I took a picture of a patient getting an electrogram done in a hospital on my cell phone, with the permission of the patient. But I showed it to a friend of mine to explain to him the procedure to perform electrogram. This is offensive as it breaches the professional code of privacy and confidentiality of a patient.
- I shared a post on Facebook, about the recovery of a patient with mental illness. I did not disclose the patient's name or any other details on social media, but still, it can be considered as a breach of privacy, though anonymously posted.
- A patient had shared a post once, regarding his sufferings from leukemia. I, being his nurse, wanted to make him feel better. Hence, I commented that the drugs he was on would relieve him from pain. I mentioned the name of the drugs on social media, which can be considered as a breach of privacy of the patient.
All the above-mentioned posts are considered inappropriate based on the professional standards of nursing.
Answer To Question 2
Nursing professional standards are guidelines that help nurses in their daily practice and set goals to accomplish them regularly. It improves their sense of duties and responsibilities towards their patients. It is also important in their personal lives as it improves their moral character and preserves their integrity. Thus, it helps in both the professional and personal growth of nurses. For instance, being honest and accountable to the patient, maintaining a positive attitude and building self-confidence of patients, and effectively communicating with patients, helps to maintain professional standards of nursing.
HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) was introduced in 1996, which aimed at simplifying healthcare administration and management and preventing healthcare fraud. HIPAA violations mainly occur when the access, use, acquisition, and disclosure of Protected Health Information (PHI) takes place, posing a personal risk or threat to the concerned patient. It is very crucial and may also lead to civil or criminal penalties (Edemekong, Annamaraju & Haydel, 2018). A common example of violation of this act is accessing data that is not authorized for a particular worker. Accessing such unauthorized data like those not related to healthcare operations such as payment of treatment, even for knowledge or curiosity, is considered a breach of this act.
Answer To Question 3
Christian values have influenced nursing in numerous ways (Garrett, 2021). One of my posts on Twitter, aimed at educating people, on the 4 sacred and secular principles that form the base of ethical values in nursing, reflects Christian values. This post describes nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy and decision of the patient and his/her family, and justice to treat all patients as equals. This post aims at upholding human value and dignity. Another post that can be considered as a reflection of my leadership qualities is the need to look into the ethical standards maintained by all healthcare professionals. I expressed that patience and acceptance to others should guide everyone while taking any kind of decision for a patient.
The area that needed improvement are writing educational blogs. More and more Christian values can be incorporated in writings to influence young nursing aspirants.
Barnable, A., Cunning, G., & Parcon, M. (2018). Nursing students’ perceptions of confidentiality, accountability, and e-professionalism in relation to facebook. Nurse Educator, 43(1), 28-31. 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000441
Edemekong, P. F., Annamaraju, P., & Haydel, M. J. (2018). Health insurance portability and accountability act. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK500019/
Garrett, B. (2021). Divinity in nursing: The complexities of adopting a spiritual basis for care. Nursing Philosophy, 22(3), e12355. https://doi.org/10.1111/nup.12355
nursingworld.org. Scope of Practice. American Nurses Association. https://www.nursingworld.org/practice-policy/scope-of-practice