Civil society comprises of the framework and associated activities which are carried out to bring about social welfare. The key elements of civil society are family and friendship, domestic sectors, neighbours, voluntary associations, NGOs, social enterprises, family farms and religious organisations. The civil society is often considered as a third sector outside government and the business organisations (Civilsociety.org.au 2017). The civil society carries out social work all round the world but is often subject to disparities of income, deficiency of public goods and so on. The government and the corporate can come together to meet the needs of the civil society and help them to accomplish their missions better.
The most serious problem the civil society organisations face is the inequality of income. The civil societies are by nature not profit seeking sectors but work in various fields which require huge capital expenditure. The profit seeking organisations on the other hand, sell goods and services to earn huge revenue. The governments of nations and states earn huge revenue from taxes and providing services like railways. The government and the corporate bodies donate to the NGOs and other charitable organisations to provide their efforts with financial strength. The Trump government abolished the abortion rights of the healthcare workers to carry on abortion and provided them to financial support in return (Redden 2017).
Most non profit originations raise funds from donation from the body corporate and public in general. They enjoy tax exemptions from the governments at various levels. Donald Trump’s latest deductions in tax were directed towards encouraging people to donate. (The Chronicle of Philanthropy 2017). He reduced government spending in charities which would likely cause the general public to donate more. Thus, the Trump government through its apparently harsh move actually helped the charities.
The corporate bodies have made social corporate responsibility a part of their business agendas. They participate in various charitable works and initiatives like arranging for education and water in African countries. They provide the civil societies with financial support to acrry on their duties and commitments. The fact is civil society organisations interact with the corporate and help in framing their corporate social responsibilities. For example, the United Nations Global Compact is a body which draws memberships from both civil societies and body corporate. These bodies hold conversations on CSR and set standards for corporate and business conduct on global scale (Voegtlin and Pless 2014). It can also be pointed out that the United Nations is a part of the civil society which works with various business organisations and governments. Thus, it can be opined that the governments and the corporate sector help the civil non profit making organisations meet the financial needs.
Public goods are those goods which are for the consumption and availing by the societies or nations. Water is an important natural resources on earth which is depleting at a very fast pace. The non profit making organisations raise awareness among the global communities on the importance of conserving the precious resource. PepsiCo, the global soft drink manufacturer supported and collaborated with the United Nations, which is an international non profit making organisation. The soft drink manufacturing giant raised an amount of $ 15 million to support the cause (pepsico.com 2017). Thus, body corporate can collaborate with the non profit making organisations to support them in their mission of conservation of public goods like water resources like rivers and lakes.
The Sierra Club and the national Resources Defense Council are two big environmental groups to work towards conservation of public goods like water and mineral resource. Mr Donald Trump announced in December that he would contribute towards conservation of natural resources (washingtontimes.com 2017). This meant the assistance of Trump government to the conservation groups which will meet their needs. It must be pointed out that no non profit making organisation can function without government and corporate support.
Road and aviation are important public goods which are used by the non profit making organisations to gain access to the remote interiors. Donald Trump envisioned to spend millions of dollars to develop the road and public transportation infrastructure of the United States of America (Forbes.com 2017). Roads and transport are national properties and attract huge investments. Only the government along with the corporate support can amass the resources large enough to meet the infrastructure needs.
The health care sector is a very significant area of public welfare that demands a lot of capital inflow. The United States of America is known for its world class health facilities and medical care. The government of the country spends a huge amount towards health care every year. The sector also invites participation from both profit making companies and non profit making companies. They all function according to the laws set by the governments. Trump promised to allocate funds towards funding struggle against killer diseases like Zika and AIDS. The new government has announced spending millions of dollars towards health care to people who are diagnosed with AIDS and are denied insurance coverage. This move of the government will no doubt strengthen the welfare activities of the organisations. AIDS Treatment Data Network, New York is a national community based non profit seeking organisation which supports research and studies in the field (Healthfinder.gov 2017). The favourable move of the Trump government will help organisations like this with financial resources required to carry on their work.
The ultimate aim of the non profit seeking organisation is to help the people and provide them with services. The World Health Organisation which is the part of the United Nations belongs to this category. WHO works in the areas of health and medication in almost all the countries in the world. This results in a complex management which at times makes non profit organisations of this size deviate from their purpose. The governments ensure that these organisations work in the right manner. Trump pointed out to the WHO flaws and asked the body to improve its organisation. The laws in the United States called Federal laws need to be passed by both the houses before they reach the President for his approval. Thus, Trump’s intervention into WHO also has the backing of the two houses. Although health is a matter of controversy in the United States, the importance of the government cannot be ruled out. The government makes laws and reservations to meet the needs of the civil society (Usa.gov 2017).
Modern health care requires application of expensive and sophisticated instruments made by multinational companies. Johnson &b Johnson or J&J is am American pharmaceutical company which has its head quarters in New Jersey, the United States of America. The company manufactures medical instruments and baby products. The medicines and research by the company help the people to fight fatal diseases like cardio vascular diseases, neurological diseases and cancer. The company is working together with the World Health Organisation to fight Ebola in Africa. The company helps the World Health Organisation to conduct research in the making vaccine to fight the diseases (jnj.com 2017).
Hospitals are a very important component of the health care services in the United States of America. The hospital provides facilities for treatment of diseases that most non profit organisations cannot afford to cater. The Hospital Corporation of America provides world class facilities to the ailing people. The hospital has teams of trained and specialised nurses and doctors who treat patients suffering from serious ailments. The Hospital is present in several locations like Alaska, Colorado, Florida, Georgia and so on. The HCA supports several communities as a part of its CSR (Corbett and Kappagoda 2013).
It can be opined by some that the government of the United States like any other government gives preferential treatment to the corporate sector. This idea can be backed by the fact that to some extent it is justifiable if not totally ethical. The corporate sector earns huge revenue and pay lump sum amount of taxes to the government. The government also collect taxes from the public. The taxes form a part of the revenue the government uses to maintain the basic services like roads, railways and defence. The health care is an important part of political and welfare agenda of the government and often gives rise to controversies. It can also be opined that the civic society cannot function without the support from the government and the corporate sector (Carlos, Paula and Dibb 2014).
The essay clearly highlights the contribution of the government and the corporate sector towards the success of the civil society. The non profit organisations undoubtedly carry out very crucial function of social development. However, they cannot support their activities which require a lot of funding without the support of the government and the profit making corporate sector. The composition also shows how the decisions of the government in various fields like tax and health care affect these civil societies. Thus, the government and the profit making corporate bodies using their resources in various ways meet the needs of the civil societies.
Carlos Pinho, J., Paula Rodrigues, A. and Dibb, S., 2014. The role of corporate culture, market orientation and organisational commitment in organisational performance: the case of non-profit organisations. Journal of Management Development, 33(4), pp.374-398.
Civilsociety.org.au. 2017. Civil Society Australia Home Page. [online] Available at: https://www.civilsociety.org.au/ [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
Corbett, J. and Kappagoda, M., 2013. Doing good and doing well: Corporate social responsibility in post Obamacare America. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 41(s1), pp.17-21.
Forbes.com. 2017. Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/chuckdevore/2016/11/03/where-clinton-and-trump-stand-on-transportation/#230ceed2a9ec [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
Healthfinder.gov. 2017. AIDS Treatment Data Network - ATDN. [online] Available at: https://healthfinder.gov/FindServices/Organizations/Organization.aspx?code=HR3092 [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
https://www.washingtontimes.com, T. 2017. Donald Trump and the Rough Rider’s conservation ethos. [online] The Washington Times. Available at: https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/jan/16/donald-trump-and-the-rough-riders-conservation-eth/ [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
jnj.com. 2017. Johnson & Johnson Announces World Health Organization will Review Ebola Vaccine Regimen for Emergency Use Assessment and Listing (EUAL) | Johnson & Johnson. [online] Available at: https://www.jnj.com/news/all/johnson-johnson-announces-world-health-organization-will-review-ebola-vaccine-regimen-for-emergency-use-assessment-and-listing-eual [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
pepsico.com. 2017. Water stewardship. [online] Available at: https://www.pepsico.com/assets/download/pepsico_water_report_fnl.pdf [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
Redden, M. 2017. 'Global gag rule' reinstated by Trump, curbing NGO abortion services abroad. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/23/trump-abortion-gag-rule-international-ngo-funding [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 2017. Nonprofits Worry About Financial Struggles as Trump Takes Over. [online] Available at: https://www.philanthropy.com/article/Nonprofits-Worry-About/238355 [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
Usa.gov. 2017. How Laws Are Made | USA.gov. [online] Available at: https://www.usa.gov/how-laws-are-made [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
Voegtlin, C. and Pless, N.M., 2014. Global governance: CSR and the role of the UN Global Compact. Journal of Business Ethics, 122(2), pp.179-191.
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