Discuss about the New CGT Withholding Regime.
The taxation ruling of TR 2005/13 provides the explanation of the gift for the purpose of gift deductions under the provision Division 30 of the ITAA 1997. The ruling provides the principle that is relevant in the determination of fact that whether the particular transfer of money or property may constitute gift. As evident from the current situation it can be seen that Johanna received a gift of $2,000 from her parents and under section 78 A of the ITAA 1936 concerning gifts states the situations in which gift are considered as deductible gift recipient which is not allowed as permissible deductions under division 30 of the ITAA 1997.
In order to determine whether the gifts shall be considered as the necessary to take into the considerations the entire set of circumstances that is necessary to take into the considerations the entire set of circumstances that surrounds the transfer and this might be included in the considerations of parties instead of the person giving the gift. In accordance with the present circumstances it can be stated that Section 78 A is not applicable in the present context of Johanna for deductions of genuine gifts that is made under the ordinary situations. Hence, the gifts will be considered as assessment and no deductions will be allowed to Johanna.
The Taxation Rulings of TR 1999/6 is dealing with the implications of tax for flight rewards that is derived from the programs of customer faithfulness scheme following the verdict made in Payne v. FC of T (1996) 66 FCR. According to the section 6-5 or 6-10 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 flight rewards and package holidays will be considered as assessable income. At the time of ascertaining the implications of tax for rewards that is obtained from the supplier the flight reward will be assessed in the form of regular income under the section 6-5 of ITAA 1997 for the reason that only the taxpayer can include the non-cash benefit treated as taxable income and therefore will constitute an assessable income. In the present circumstances of Suka flight reward received from supplier for a free return trip to New Zealand shall be considered as the chargeable profits under section 6-5 or 6-10 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.
As held in FC of T v.Cooke and Sherden 80 ATC 4140 (1980) the court concluded that the flight reward will be considered as income in accordance with the ordinary concepts. It was determined by the court that the flight reward does not constitute cash or money’s significance and flight reward could not be exchangeable in cash. Therefore, for an employee flight reward would not be regarded as income.
In accordance with Section 21 A of the ITAA 1936 it states that in ascertaining the proceeds generated by the taxpayer as a non-cash commercial benefit which is not convertible to cash must be assessed in the form of convertible to cash. The issue in the present scenario of Suka represents a non-cash business benefits which is regarded under Taxation ruling of TR 2005/13. For a flight return to be considered as chargeable income to a business taxpayer, it should possess the character of the ordinary profits with the exemption that it should not be exchangeable in cash.
Citing the reference of Scott v. FC of T (1966) 117 CLR 514, the high court stated its viewpoint that before bringing an amount within the paragraph 26 (e) of the ITAA 1936 or section 15-2 of the ITAA 1997 it will be considered as ordinary income. In the present context of Suka being a commercial taxpayer could have the flight return being treated in the form of regular income under section 6-5. This is because Suka is a business tax payer and the receipt of non-cash benefit will be treated in the form of income and hence it will be considered as the ordinary income.
Reside test is used in determining the whether a person lives in Australia in accordance with the ordinary sense of the word “Resides”. From the current scenario of Bin it is evident that he intends to set up the business in Melbourne however to finalize the matters he had to return to Hong Kong in the month of March 2017. According to the section 995-1 of the 1936 it can be stated that a person needs to satisfy the primary test of Resident or resident of Australia to be regarded as an Australian resident.
As held in FC of T v. Applegate 79 ATC 4307 (1979) ATR 899 the place of abode forms the major determinant in determining the tax liability of an individual. According to the Taxation ruling of IT 2650 to ascertain the residential status it is necessary to perform the 183 day test or the domicile test to determine the residential status of Bin. According to the ruling of IT 2650 it is necessary to determine the actual length of stay of an individual in the overseas country. From the present case study it is evident that Bin had not stayed in Australia continuously for a period of six months or more.
The period and permanence of the Bin’s existence in Australia was not continuous in nature however it is evident that to consider the intention of the Bin of taking up home in Australia to make their home indefinitely. In conformity with the subsection 6 (1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 Bin will not be considered as the Australian resident because he did not resided in Australia constantly for a minimum period of six months and does not attracts tax liability for the year ended 30 June 2017.
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