As defined by deferent documents Angina is chest problem characterized by severe pain in the heart muscle (Jevon P, 2012).
The chest condition occurs as a result of restriction of blood supply to the chest muscle. In most case cases this id due to the hardening and narrowing of the heart arteries blocking the supply of oxygen to the chest.
The pain which sometimes is severe is usually triggered by the some the physical and mental activities such as stress. However, this pain only lasts for few minutes before seizing and this is what is known as angina attack.
Types of angina
In Angina’s history, there are five different types of angina have been identified. Among the five categories, stable angina and unstable angina are the two common known types of angina (Fose and Fortuin 1973).
Stable angina transpires when a person does a task that is very hard for the heart to handle and has regular patterns which are predictable.
Unstable angina is a more severe type which usually is a sign a heart attack almost to occur. However, there is no predictable pattern for its occurrence.
Variant angina is also another type of angina which often occurs while an individual is resting. This type often happens at midnight and early mornings. Additionally, it is the kind of angina that induces severe pain usually as a sequence of spasm in the coronary artery.
The other types of angina include microvascular angina and atypical angina which are not very common.
The signs and symptoms of angina
The signs and symptoms of angina could be different from various people, but however, regardless of the difference many of them are experienced after a heavy exercise or due to emotional influence (Stamford and Conn 2000) and may include:
Chest pain or discomfort
Pain in the arms, the shoulder, the neck, or the jaw
Shortness of breath
Jevon, P. (2012). Angina and heart attack.
Krames signs and symptoms fastGuides. (2000). (General OneFile.) Stamford, Conn: Harvard Health Publications Group.
Ross, R. S., Fortin, N. J., & American Heart Association. (2013). Angina. New York: The Association.