Obesity is a chronic illness that can affect various systems in the body. For instance, overweight people are at a higher risk of developing life-intimidating conditions like type 2 diabetes, heart related diseases and born and joint disease to mention a few. In the United State, obesity has reached epidemic extents as declared by the Surgeon General of the U.S (Ogden et al., 2016). Approximately, 55 % of children between ages of 6 and 19 are obese, whereas, 35% of women plus 31% is gravely considered overweight (Balog, 2015). This paper discuss the causes of obesity, obesity impacts on health and ways of preventing obesity.
Causes of obesity
Obesity causes are complex, and there are various interrelated factors like for instance lifestyle, genetics and how energy is utilized in the body. Studies have shown that genetics is one of the common factors influencing obesity since one may inherit. Nevertheless, the chance of being obese in America have risen by 25% because of excessive consumption of fast foods whose results is gain of additional overweight. Lifestyle is another cause whereby people are leading sedentary lifestyle combined with overeating. Additionally, metabolic factors also play a role in weight gain determination in association with hormones (Ogden, et al., 2016).
Health effects of obesity
On health, obesity has a far-ranging adverse effect. And that it costs over 150 billion dollars and results to 300000 premature deaths in the United States. Just but to mention a few of the health effects related to obesity are diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, heart disease, sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome, psychological effects. To treat obesity, start by setting goals, this is the most critical part of any obesity management. Many people may want to lose weight for fashion reason as well as societal reasons. It is essential to understand that losing weight of body significantly influence an individual’s health. Also, treating obesity is by following the environmental changes, doing exercises, diet modification, non-surgical and surgical treatment.
How to prevent obesity
The best and most suitable way to get the escalating rates of obesity and the epidemic of overweightness under controls entails more than telling each persons to observe balanced diet (Mokdad et al., 2011). According to the World Health Organization prevention of obesity calls for integrated approaches such as:
- Supporting healthy consumption habits and encouraging individuals to practice physical activity (Lee et al., 2017).
- Establishing public guidelines which enhance access to low-fat, healthy and food rich in fiber.
- Training heathcare professionals so as they can effectively support individuals who want to lose weight and aid others avoid gaining weight.
- The public should be encourage to increase the amount of fruits, vegetables and whole grains in their diet and decline the consumption of sugary and fatty foods.
To sum up, a large population of the Americans and the world at large are at high risk of becoming obese. As discovered by the literature review, young people are the most prevalent of becoming obese. Therefore, there is need for the U.S. to declare obesity an epidemic so as to undertake public campaign against obesity. Consequently, through national campaigns it is likely to enlighten the public on the need to prevent obesity.
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