1. Montavlo, W., & Veenema, T. G. (February 2015). Mentorship in Developing Transformational Leaders to Advance Health Policy: Creating a Culture of Health.
The above cited article to discuss this week. The authors state that there are 3.1 million nurses in the United States and according to a study conducted by Dr. Lawrence Prybil only 2.4% of leaders involved in creating and changing healthcare policy were nurses (Montalvo &Veenema, 2015). They argue that the number of nurse leaders must increase “to guide and create system changes via boardrooms, policy debates, and within communities.” The authors believe that mentorship will increase the executive nurse leaders capable of creating and sustaining a national culture of health that will advance health equity. The authors discuss a grant that was given in New York to put on two nurse leader conferences that focused on mentorship. The goal was to have at least 150 nurse leaders agree to mentor for at least 1 year. They had 177 sign on for the task.
2. Northouse's (2012) Chap 15 discussion on ethical leadership describes several theories supporting ethical leadership. Compare and contrast two of these theories, and give one example of how policy development could be influenced by ethical leadership.
Compare and contrast theories that stress the consequences of leader’s actions to deontological theory. There are three approaches to assessing consequences which include ethical egoism, utilitarianism, and altruism. Ethical egoism is when a person should act so as to create the greatest good for herself or himself. An example is when a company and its employees make decisions to achieve its goal of maximizing profits.
The second approach, utilitarianism, states that leaders should behave so as to create the greatest good for the greatest number. For example, the federal government allots an extensive portion of the budget for preventive health care.
Deontological theory focuses on the leader’s duty. It focuses on the actions of the leader instead of the consequences of her or his actions. Telling the truth, keeping promises, being fair, and respecting others are key to the leader’s moral obligations and responsibilities.
According to the first post, there is clear initial outlining of the current state of leadership in Nursing. Besides, there is a quote about exactly the total number of nurses in the United States of America as being 3.1 million. After that, there is a breakdown of the total number into percentages as 2.4% .In any form of research, quantitative or rather exact figures need to be indicated so as to effectively make comparisons as shown in the post. Besides, after findings from any research, the future perspectives or rather recommendations need to be outlined clearly (Montalvo &Veenema, 2015).That has been precisely captured by explaining that there is need for the number of nurse leaders to increase. The strategies which can be used to increase the number of nurse leaders are also well captured in the post. This can be achieved through mentorship programs and culture that advocate for health equity. In conclusion, the post has captured the validity of the mentorship program that worked well initially where over 150 nurses went through the program for a period of one year.
The second post is seeking to bring out both the similarities and differences between different theories that emphasize the consequences of leader’s actions and the deontological theory. In so doing, there is an outline on the theories that emphasize outcomes of leader’s actions and they include utilitarianism, ethical egoism and finally altruism. In the same post, there is an example of how altruism is applied through the action of Theresa devoting her life for the benefit of the poor. Finally, the post has captured what deontological theory is as the focus on the leader’s duty such as telling the truth and being fair (Northouse, 2012). In conclusion, the comparison has been clearly captured.
Montavlo, W., & Veenema, T. G. (2015). Mentorship in Developing Transformational Leaders to Advance Health Policy: Creating a Culture of Health. Nurse Leader, 13(1), 65-69. doi:10.1016/j.mnl.2014.05.020
Northouse's (2012) Chap 15 discussion on ethical leadership describes several theories supporting ethical leadership.