Q1. Education has always been referred as the key to success of an individual. As a social determinant of health, education plays a huge role in a person's general health as well as wellbeing (Raphael, 2009). Evidently, it has the capacity to affect people throughout their lifetime. Education has been shown to bolster health behaviors that are integral to the improvement of health outcomes such as lowering the rates of obesity. Early childhood education is paramount since it enhances the setting of a foundation for a healthier life. Primarily, children who access early education at a tender age of between three and four years have higher chances of expecting better health outcomes as compared to their age mates who do not. At higher educational levels, the more education a person gets, the longer he or she lives. This is because research has shown that education increases people’s lifespan and affects a person’s income.
Q2. The availability of a swimming pool as a community-based resource is critical in supporting the Aboriginal community living in Australia. Therefore, it is a social determinant of health that affects the health outcomes for the children attending school. It creates the opportunities for recreation as well as leisure-time activities (Lehmann et al., 2003). The policy of “No School No Pool" is essential because it makes the kids enroll in schools and increase the level of attendance in class (Clucas et al., 2008). For example, there is a point in the video that shows how students are concentrating in class which was never the case before the swimming pool was made available to them (P., 2008). We all know that the ability to swim is accompanied with positive health outcomes. This is because physical exercises are responsible for making the body organs such as the muscles to develop more rapidly. At the start of the online film, we can see that children are sitting idly without engaging in any other activity that makes them busy to improve their lives, thus subjecting their health to deteriorate (P., 2008).
Clean water used in the swimming pool refers to the other social determining factor of health. Chlorine is used in swimming pools to disinfect the water. The Aboriginal Community in Australia live in harsh environments that make the children sweaty with nothing clean available to them to freshen up, but the chlorinated fresh water in swimming pools performs a core function of disinfecting the water to eliminate the harmful effects of toxins released by the sweat (Trewin & Madden, 2005). As well, the clean water treats skin diseases since there is a point in the video where a parent describes how her kid had skin infections but better changes occurred in twelve months and the infection was no more. This shows that putting primary health care in action helps in improving the state of a community (Couzos, Metcalf, & Murray, 2001). As well, clean water used in the swimming pool enhances the hearing capabilities of children attending school.
Q3. Primary health care delves in the promotion of wellness and seeks to ensure that injuries, as well as illness, are prevented. The project was guided by the principle of accessibility since the setting of the swimming pool at the core of the main town serving the Australian Aboriginal community makes it possible for school going children to use the facility (McMurray & Clendon, 2015). The project was centered on focusing on social justice while promoting the provision of equity by way of eliminating economic, social, and environmental disadvantages as it is evident that the children enjoy swimming cohesively. Fundamentally, the principle of accessibility encourages improved delivery as well as the monitoring of children’s behaviors that may lead to poor health. It would be ridiculous to build the pool in a peripheral location that cannot be accessed easily by other communities as this depicts the highest level of discrimination especially when fighting diseases of the ear.
Similarly, health promotion is the principle that aided in making the project to succeed and to be used by the community. This principle helps the community to reinforce and strengthen the socioeconomic conditions that significantly contributes to good health (McMurray & Clendon, 2015). For example, children appear to be healthy and happy when they swim at the pool. This is the reason as to why the policy of "No school No pool" emerged to promote good health among the Aboriginal community with critical health issues such as hearing problems and skin infections (P., 2008). This principle enables the children to bolster control over diseases and gradually improve their health (Al-Mazrou, Al-Shehri, & Rao, 1990). The pool serves the community indiscriminately, and the initiative moves beyond the focus on education to solve a range of environmental interventions in the setting.
Explanation of the Poster
The poster targets both the Aboriginal as well as the Torres Strait Islander communities that live in Australia. Biologically, Ear infection is a health issue among these two communities, and it is caused by bacteria. In special medical scenarios, the disease is also caused by a virus. However, ear disease is a resultant effect of other illnesses such as an allergy, cold, and flu.
McMurray, A., & Clendon, J. (2015). Community health and wellness: Primary health care in practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Trewin, D., & Madden, R. (2005). The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Couzos, S., Metcalf, S., & Murray, R. B. (2001). Systematic review of existing evidence and primary care guidelines on the management of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care.
Clucas, D. B., Carville, K. S., Connors, C., Currie, B. J., Carapetis, J. R., & Andrews, R. M. (2008). Disease burden and health-care clinic attendances for young children in remote Aboriginal communities of northern Australia. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 86(4), 275-281.
Al-Mazrou, Y., Al-Shehri, S., & Rao, M. (1990). Principles and practice of primary health care. General Directorate of Health Centers, 2, 31-42.
Raphael, D. (2009). Social determinants of health. Canadian Perspectives, 2nd ed. Canadian Scholars.
Lehmann, D., Tennant, M. T., Silva, D. T., McAullay, D., Lannigan, F., Coates, H., & Stanley, F. J. (2003). Benefits of swimming pools in two remote Aboriginal communities in Western Australia: intervention study. Bmj, 327(7412), 415-419.
P. (2008). Retrieved April 06, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqZtQEe9maY