Annotated Bibliography – Heart disease
Chapa, D. W., Akintade, B., Son, H., Woltz, P., Hunt, D., Friedmann, E., ... & Thomas, S. A. (2014). Pathophysiological relationships between heart failure and depression and anxiety. Critical care nurse, 34(2), 14-25 Retrieved from https://ccn.aacnjournals.org/content/34/2/14.full.pdf+html
This article is a comparative study that assesses the relationship between heart failure and depression and anxiety. The assessment focuses on the impact of depression and anxiety on heart failure. The hormones involved in heart failure and anxiety and depression are also discussed in the article. The conclusion states that advanced research on the relation between physical and psychological changes needs to be executed. The article is presented with illustrations and figures for better understanding but the conclusion is not reliable and accurate.
Jose, P. O., Frank, A. T., Kapphahn, K. I., Goldstein, B. A., Eggleston, K., Hastings, K. G., ... & Palaniappan, L. P. (2014). Cardiovascular disease mortality in Asian Americans. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 64(23), 2486-2494. Retrieved from https://www.onlinejacc.org/content/64/23/2486.abstract
This journal article is a correlational study. The article focus on Asian Americans as this specific racial group is reported with increased incidence of heart disease. The article assesses the Asian Americans as the death caused by heart disease is increased in the specific groups. The death records from 2003 to 2010 were evaluated for the study purpose. The comparative study was also executed among Asian Americans, Chinese, Asian Indian, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese and white. The conclusion shows that the preventive measures implemented by the government were ineffective. The strength of the study is systematic execution and accurate results. The article concludes that preventive measures are not effective.
Mozos, I., & Marginean, O. (2015). Links between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular diseases. BioMed research international, 2015 Retrieved from https://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2015/109275.pdf
This is an observational study of the link between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular disease. The conclusion of the study can be practiced in daily life as it suggests intake of Vitamin D to prevent cardiovascular diseases and associated complications. This article primarily discusses the deficiency of Vitamin D. It also discusses the relation between various cardiac diseases like arteriosclerosis, Renin-AngiotensinAldosterone System, increased blood pressure, Coronary Heart Disease, and Heart Failure. The strength of the observation is detailed discussion on vitamin and related disease conditions. The study describes most of the killer diseases of mankind. But the study is general and the statement was not proved. The relation between heart disease and Vitamin D alters according to the disease condition of the individual, medications, absorption, and duration of Vitamin D therapy. So the result of the study is not reliable.
Mentz, R. J., Kjeldsen, K., Rossi, G. P., Voors, A. A., Cleland, J. G., Anker, S. D., ... & Pitt, B. (2014). Decongestion in acute heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 16(5), 471-482 Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/ejhf.74
This is a review article which discusses the Pathophysiology of the congestion of the acute Heart failure, assessment on the congestion and decongestion, common decongestion strategies, selection of appropriate decongestion strategies for different patients. The review on the congestion and heart failure reveals that decongestion needs to be planned implemented individually according to the medication response, abnormalities related to fluid and electrolyte balance. It concludes that there are many unanswered questions that need to be considered and studied. The article discusses the cause of heart failure and treatment options. But congestion is one of the causes of heart failure and the result is limited and inaccurate.
Trachanas, K., Sideris, S., Aggeli, C., Poulidakis, E., Gatzoulis, K., Tousoulis, D., & Kallikazaros, I. (2014). Diabetic cardiomyopathy: from pathophysiology to treatment. Hellenic J Cardiol, 55(5), 411-421. Retrieved from https://www.hellenicjcardiol.org/archive/full_text/2014/5/2014_5_411.pdf
This is a review article that assesses the Pathophysiology of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy. The study evaluates the disease condition from Pathophysiology to curative management. The conclusion of the article states that advanced diagnostic techniques aids in early identification of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy. It also confirms that echocardiography is the main diagnostic test. Curative options for diabetic Cardiomyopathy depends on the basic medicinal options. It concludes that more studies need to be executed to discover the disease condition and treatment options. The strength of the article is the in-depth discussion on the Pathophysiology of diabetes, and impact of increased blood sugar on the myocardial cells. The limitations in the article lack reliable conclusions and confirm that more research and study need to be executed.
The articles chosen for Annotated bibliography are about cardiac diseases because it is the most common killer disease in America. I used database like Google scholar, Pub med, And Ebsco. Boolean search and Truncations are used to narrow the research.