Health care services in Murray clinic includes different medicine, surgical and medical treatment, dental services, hospital services, nursing, optometric services and health services. Each and every person requires different kinds of health care services which depend upon the diseases and health problems like some people require normal care while some require extra care services (Goroll & Mulley, 2012). There are three types of health care services followed by the clinic on the basis of patient condition, they are discussed as below:
Primary health care services:
These services are very essential and mandatory according to the clinic as these are based on the socially acceptable systems, scientifically sound and technologies that provides to individual families. In such kind of services, doctors and nurses provided local care services to patients. The primary health care services of the clinic deals in psychological, social, physical problems rather than experts and specialists in any particular disease and sickness area.
Secondary health care services:
These health care services are provided by the medical specialists and experts of the clinical staff who directly cannot contact with patients. The specialists in the following field can be dermatologists, urologists, cardiologists and others. According to the national health system policy, services as per Murray clinical norms the patients cannot directly use secondary care services these are only mandated for specialists in this service. It includes children health, maternity care, gynecologic services, obstetric, general medicine and surgeries (Aveyard, 2014).
Tertiary health care services:
This type of health service is known as specialized consultative health care service which is usually provided to patients after referring from other two services for advance medical treatment and research department present of the clinic. Tertiary services include plastic surgery, cardiac surgery, burn treatment, cancer surgery, neurosurgery, surgical intervention and complex medical treatment. Besides this it also provides additional care services 24hours.
Characteristics of socio-demographics
The characteristics of socio-demographic that fall under the category as per Murray Heath Clinic talks in relation to age, gender, education, labor market and occupation as discussed under.
Age plays an integral role as a characteristic of socio-demographic. It is a relationship between skills and age by evaluating and analyzing results in numeracy, literacy and by age group. Wherein, literacy and numeracy are higher skills are higher at ages 25 to 34.
Under gender characteristics the only difference examined between women and men is the domain of numeracy. Generally, no gender differences were examined at the national level in literacy as per the survey done at Murray clinic.
This skills are presented by the maximum level of education completed, which are divided into four categories; certificate, diploma, bachelor’s degree or higher. It deals with the growth and abilities of a child mentally. These skills are very much needed for the child to have a calculative mind. The high prevalence of anxiety, depression and stress symptoms among university students is alarming. This shows the need for primary and secondary avoidance measures, with the development of satisfactory and adequate support services in the field of education. Which is what demanded by the clinic (Murray, Caulier-Grice, & Mulgan, 2010).
It analyzes the relationship between labor force status and skills proficiency in the whole range of age, which is classified as under three categories; unemployed, employed and not in labor force. Those who are employed have higher scores than those who are not employed.
This analyzes the relationship between skills of processing information and occupation in the entire range of age which can fall from 16-65. At the national level, employees are working in professional and managerial occupations of the clinic have higher chances of scoring on literacy, numeracy than in any of the other groups. Businesses offering products and services to any person in general and businesses with specific profession in the clinic may use their demographic data to segment their markets according to occupation (Lawrence & Lawrence, 2010).
People using primary health care services of the clinic; seek for good maintenance of body as per needs and expectations. As it deals in psychological, social and physical problems one can find the number of characteristics prevailing in a human body and human mind (Koes, Van Tulder, Lin, Macedo, McAuley & Maher, 2010). Keeping in mind the different traits found in patients at Murray health clinic using these services includes:
Patients with diagnosed functional dyspepsia
Dyspepsia is a Greek word which means “indigestion” which deals more with problems related to the upper division of the gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointestinal is a disorder related to the stomach and intestine and gastrointestinal tract is a tube like passage of muscle and mucous membrane with about 8.3 meters of length from mouth to anus which functions in digestion. Therefore, it is a jointly a characteristic and a chance to identify the ongoing symptoms, assessment of lesions and an attempt to give answers to questions about lack of anti-secretary and eradication therapy. The largest age group suffered with this disorder as per Murray clinical staff counts from 46-60 years which reports their disease mostly in seasons like autumn and winter. It is necessary to deteriorate these chronic ailments, with respect to this currently binding definition as the nature of such ailments is insufficient to differentiate appropriately between organic and functional dyspepsia (Bowling, 2014).
Socio-demographic characteristics of cancer patients
Patients fighting with this problem in this hospital are actually fighting for their lives to survive. Difficult, constant conditions like cancers require patient-centered care integrated around multiple health settings. In terms of socio- demographic characteristics, it is a process of systematic collection of data at the time of occurring and characterising reportable neoplasm with the purpose of analyzing and controlling the significance on the community. The purpose of the clinic is to give proper need to the hospital administration and above all, single patient. It not only serves the patient for their welfare but also tends to improve the cancer therapy, provides the basics of data for improvement in the treatment of modalities and ensures measures for better control of the treatable and curable cancer fighting patients (Starfield, 2012).
Around 32.3% patients who suffered from this chronic disease were in the age group from 60- 69 years as per a survey done at Murray health clinic. The study found that the factor of smoking is more in males as compared to that of females. Not only the factor of smoking has killed the lives but also the relation of alcohol and cancer has been well established in studies. When coming to religion majority of patients were found to be Hindus. Many studies have talked about the predominance of cancers (Hockenberry& Wilson, 2014).
Sickle cell disease
It is the most common inherited blood disorder. The cause is done to the body by a single amino acid present in the sixth position of the beta (β)-chain of the hemoglobin tetramer. These diseases are harmful and turn the shape of red blood cells. It is found in those who inherit an abnormal gene in the hemoglobin from any of the parent. In terms of the psychosocial consequences, SCD is a life-threatening disorder and has severe psychosocial consequences on every single person. Majority of the patients in the clinic were single females and less than 39 years who attained education only till secondary level or even less. Those who had higher schooling were between 25 and 34 years old and but when studied found single. This preceding revealed that socio-demographic characteristics had played a major role in SCD which gave serious psychosocial consequences, mainly anxiety and depression on patients suffering from SDC (Taggart, Williams, Dennis, Newall, Shortus, Zwar & Harris, 2012).
These factors of age, levels of education, gender and social relation should be considered seriously in managing these diseases to facilitate the function of healing and restoration in life.
Various studies found the disorders relating to socio- demographic and their potential influence on nursing practice in this setting. Above mentioned are the characteristics that influence the health behavior or health outcomes in this setting of Murray clinic. Demographic characteristics comprises of religion, sex, age, place of living, education and marital status. Sociological characteristics are more demanding have traits like interests, values and societal groups, membership in organizations and daily household status. A group based on demographic and sociological traits includes people under the age of 30 years who are interested in environmentalism. Studies that divide individuals into groups by ethnicity, education, finance, and gender are termed to be socio-demographic studies. Socio-demographic factors shows impact on poverty and financial health care access among disabled people. The persons are living in the house and living arrangements variables are used as potential measures of social support (Starfield, 2012).
Nursing practicing at the clinic was trained to meet the patient’s requirements who need special care and support within the safe parameters for which an individual had to practice under the guidance. These nursing practices were so much important so as to make the patients believe in the medical treatment being given to them at the clinic so that they incur the faith which can help them to treat. The term “scope of practice” is used to define the procedures, actions etc. which are allowed by law for a specific profession. Mainly it teaches to care for patients, by encouraging and increasing skills and knowledge in preferred area of expertise, and by continually supporting with gaining that knowledge (Barnett, Mercer, Norbury, Watt, Wyke & Guthrie, 2012).
Nursing practices were required in this clinic to provide care for older people, basically the patients who require complex healthcare services. Therefore, nurses are also in an ideal position to talk with older adults about self-care strategies to reduce further illness while maintaining their independence, and mental and physical health. Nurses have been become leaders in elder care and it will continue to play a important role in addressing the challenges of older people healthcare in coming years. These nursing practices helped the patients to recover fast as well as within a short span of time (Goroll & Mulley, 2012).
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