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Question:

In the United Kingdom, obesity is a growing health concern, and it is recognised as being one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the UK. Discuss the effects of obesity on health, and suggest methods for its prevention and cure.
 
 

Answer:

1.0 Introduction

As per Allender and Rayner (2007), obesity is considered as one of the most popular diseases in the entire European Nation. The statistical survey of the last 30 years has shown the increase in the death rate due to obesity. The act of Social care and healthcare was passed in the year 2012 in the British Parliament in order to make a change in the total health care system and to improve the total healthcare as well as social care system in the entire European Nation.

Obesity is generally a disease which is caused due to increase in the body mass index. The concept of the body mass index can be explained as the proportion with the body mass along with the height. There should be a proper balance made between the height and weight. Excessive weight with reduced height and on the other hand less weight with more height will create more complications. In order to stay fit and healthy a proper balance need to be maintained between the height and weight. It is one of the serious problems in the western countries. Due to Obesity some addition health complication also rises such as heart diseases, sleep apnea, etc.

1.1 Mortality rate in United Kingdom due to Obesity

According to Ebbeling et al. (2002), the statistical report suggests that it is the major problem in the United Kingdom. The death rate has increased on a substantial basis. The government of the United King has taken many initiatives in order to cure this particular disease. Nearly 30% of the total death rate is caused by obesity according to the statistical report of the health department of the Government of United Kingdom in the year 2012.

1.2 Government Plans and Procedures

As per Dixon (2010), going through various statistical survey of medical science in the United Kingdom, the major problem which leads to a substantial increase in the death rate is obesity for the last 30 years. In the year 2012 British Parliament has amended the Social and Health care act. The content of this particular act was based on the improvement in the social and health care system. Obesity was the main focus of this act.

1.3 Prevention and Cure

Wang et al. (2011) opined that obesity is considered as one of the major cause of death rate globally. It is generally a preventable disease. The main reason behind this particular problem is the increase in body mass index. Due to increase in the body mass index the complication is not restricted with obesity only, due to increase in body mass some additional diseases also rises such as heart diseases, and sleep apnea, etc. In modern medical science nearly every disease has a solution. But on the other hand all the doctors suggest every patient who is suffering due to this particular disease to avoid medicines and to select an alternative source of curing. The best recommended alternative source of curing this particular disease is to maintain a proper diet chart and workout with some proper physical exercise such as jogging, skipping, swimming, etc. It will in only help in curing this problem but will ensure to stay fit simultaneously. This is the best recommended solutions suggested by all the doctors (Roberto et al. 2015).

Figure 1: Procedure

(Source: Wang et al.  2011, pp- 821)

2.0 Literature Review

Reilly et al. (2003) explained there are many factors which are involved in this disease. Obesity is caused due to increase in the body mass index. Due to increase in the body mass index some additional health problem also raises along with obesity. Some of the additional problem which is raised is various kinds of cardiac problems, digestive problems, increase in the blood pressure, etc. In modern medical science nearly all disease has a solution by applying various kinds of medicines. But on the other hand nearly all the doctors recommend the best alternative way of curing this particular disease with applying any kinds of medicines. The best alternative source of curing this particular disease is to workout with some proper physical exercise regularly and on the other hand along with regular exercise a proper diet chart needs to be followed. Proper diet chart suggests food with less spice and fat. Some people including doctor think that proper treatment along with proper medicines is the best solution for this disease and on the other hand some people thinks that proper workout as well as maintaining a proper diet chart is the best recommend solution for this particular disease (Currie McGhee, 2012).

The major problem in the health care department of the United Kingdom is the increase in the death rate due increase in obesity. The statistical survey has shown the substantial increase in the death rate due to the cause of obesity. The Government of the United Kingdom has spent millions of pound in order to solve this particular problem. Though the problem is on control but not cured totally. This particular problem is not restricted only United Kingdom, it is also found in USA, in Australia and in the entire Europe. The substantial increase of obesity is a worldwide health concern. Different NGOs and Governments of different countries are taking combined steps in order to make awareness among all the peoples about the effects of this particular disease (Hochberg and Hochberg, 2010).

Figure 2: Symptoms

(Source: Epstein and Wrotniak, 2010, pp- S9)

3.0 Conclusion

Substantial increase in the rate of obesity is now a major health concern globally. It leads to different kinds of additional health complications such as increase in blood pressure, various kinds of heart diseases, etc. there are many ways in curing this particular diseases. The best way is curing the disease without the application of medicines. Regular workout such as jogging, swimming, free hand exercise, etc and on the other hand by adopting a proper diet chat. It is one of the serious problems in the United Kingdom. Various kinds of parliamentary acts were passed in order solve this particular problem. The government of the United Kingdom took many initiatives in order to solve this particular problem. It is under controlled by not cured entirely.

 

Reference List

Allender, S., and Rayner, M. (2007). The burden of overweight and obesity‐related ill health in the UK. Obesity reviews, 8(5), 467-473.

Currie-McGhee, L. (2012). Childhood obesity. Detroit, MI: Lucent Books.

Dixon, J. B. (2010). The effect of obesity on health outcomes. Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 316(2), 104-108.

Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D. B., and Ludwig, D. S. (2002). Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. The lancet, 360(9331), 473-482.

Hochberg, I. and Hochberg, Z. (2010). Expanding the definition of hypothalamic obesity. Obesity Reviews, 11(10), pp.709-721.

Reilly, J. J., Methven, E., McDowell, Z. C., Hacking, B., Alexander, D., Stewart, L., & Kelnar, C. J. (2003). Health consequences of obesity. Archives of disease in childhood, 88(9), 748-752.

Reisch, M. (2012). The Challenges of Health Care Reform for Hospital Social Work in the United States. Social Work in Health Care, 51(10), pp.873-893.

Roberto, C. A., Swinburn, B., Hawkes, C., Huang, T. T., Costa, S. A., Ashe, M., ... & Brownell, K. D. (2015). Patchy progress on obesity prevention: emerging examples, entrenched barriers, and new thinking. The Lancet.

Wang, Y. C., McPherson, K., Marsh, T., Gortmaker, S. L., and Brown, M. (2011). Health and economic burden of the projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK. The Lancet, 378(9793), 815-825.

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