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Occupation Health And Safety: Production

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Question:

Discuss about the Occupation Health and Safety for Production.

 

Answer:

Introduction

The paper involves specific content that describes the proper prospect of the occupational health hazards in the workplace or the organization. It is basically in the workplace that the environment of the workplace affects the individual and so is the lifestyle of the individual vice versa. At that time it becomes necessary to make the proper assessment of the occupational health hazards occurring at the workplace. For that reason, the paper had selected the oil and gas industry such as the Beach Energy in Australia.

Based on the services as well as the literature regarding the hazards and the company this paper will eventually provide a proper method that will help in developing the occupational health management plan for Beach Energy (Cooklin, et al., 2015). The company is basically involved in exploration, production, and development of natural gas, oil and liquefied natural gas along with their transportation, refining as well as marketing of lubricant products as well as goods. In that manner safety is the most important criteria that the organization must possess. In that context, the paper is supposed to provide the details of the workplace along with the hazards associated with that workplace (Guzman, Tompa & De Boer, 2013). 

 

Details of the Workplace

The workplace which is selected for the assessment of the occupational health hazards is the Beach Energy situated in Australia. It is one of the Australia’s rich onshore oil producer company headquartered in Adelaide. The organization majorly works for the active exploration as well as the development drilling program in Cooper Basin in Australia. The reason behind it is the Beach has a core focus upon the Cooper basin because it is rich in resources and it will help the organization to extract more oil and natural gas to serve the globe and to raise the economy (Kvorning, Hasle & Christensen, 2015). Thus it can be said that the major physical place it occupies is the whole area of Cooper Basin along with making identification many other diverse beaches with the rich amount of resources.

Therefore by exploring the diverse as well as strategically located resource basins the company establishes its infrastructure supply to many of the key markets across the globe. Moreover, the company continues its processes by getting access to prime tight gas acreage situated in Nappameri Trough. So it basically makes them work collaboratively by to transform the prospects for the market of Australia’s East Coast gas market. In that condition the oil and gas reserves of almost the 70 millions of barrels of oil within it by the time of 30 June 2016 (Laberge, MacEachen & Calvet, 2014).

This resulted into a strong balance sheet along with a fully funded FY17 of the whole capital expenditure program anticipated. Along with that the company majorly is enriched by the collaboration of the local labours as well as the contractors. Those labours and the contractors generally come under the young age group as they have to take many risks while continuing the work. The FY16 basically comprised up of the mixture of all age groups that posed a threat towards the safety of the employees.

In that manner, the company changed its policy and formulated the policies to achieve the safety outcomes with respect to the environmental impact raised within the organization. Thus from FY16, it is seen that the total injury rate or the health hazards are normally getting decreased from the organization (Lay, et al., 2016). And more specifically the company is starting the aboriginal employment processes. The organizations, therefore, worked with the purpose of delivering the sustainable growth of the company with respect to the shareholder value. In addition, the company had planned this by providing the maintenance of the financial strength, pursuing quite compatible growth opportunities along with building the complementary gas business in the east coast basins.

For that reason, the company works with their values of safety, creativity, performance, teamwork, respect and performance of the employees as well as the contractors. Though the company aims at such amount of improvisation in its profile still the safety is the primary concern for which the paper is concerned (Lay, et al., 2016). The company also feels safety to be the important part due to which they think safety to be at precedence in every action. In that context, the employment length gets that affects the socio-economic background. All these gets possible by the identification of the proper health hazard which becomes the basis of safety within the organization (Lay, et al., 2016). 

The reason behind it is the prolonged exposure to the health hazards occurring within the workplace. Thus the occupational health represents the health hazards of the employees in their working condition which can lead to the chronic illness. These hazards somehow present the danger to health, life, limbs which are basically associated with the occupation or the working environment.

 

An Occupational Health Hazard and Associated Risks

The occupational health and safety can be considered as an important part of an organization which deals with the identification of the chronic illness of any individual in the working condition at his or her workplace. Thus the occupational health management majorly describes the process of prevention of the adverse health effects on the health of the workers in the workplace. In addition, it also enables the protection of the workers and taking care of their physical, mental as well as social well-being in the workplace. For that reason, the paper includes the workplace like the Beach Energy in Australia and specifically makes the analysis of many of its possible health hazards (McLeod, 2014).

In that context, while developing a keen idea regarding the occupational health hazards associated with the Beach Energy it came out that the employees those work in the organization face the chronic diseases, infections, and accidents. The infection gets more vital with more and more exposure of the individual to the wastes. When there has been the more and more exposure of the infected wounds there will be the skin as well as the blood infection. It will also result in the eye as well as the respiratory infection due to the dust. In addition to that, there will have various kinds of intestinal infections also due to the transmission of flies (Myers, et al., 2016).

Along with that the employees also face the burning injuries at the occupational accidents which can also result in the bone and muscle disorders. The most vital which comes can be considered with must concern is the chronic diseases. The chronic diseases are the one that mostly kills the employees very slowly and get reflected in their last stage where there is no chance of getting cured. These chronic diseases are the respiratory diseases and cancers (Pirzadeh, et al., 2015). The chronic diseases are the resultant of the chemicals being used within the organization. These chemicals are the hydrogen sulphide, mercury, silica and drilling fluids.

The leaking of hydrogen sulphide makes the body of the employees trembled which can cause the death of the employee within few minutes or seconds as per the breath failure. Similarly, the drilling fluids also result in the emergence of drowsiness, dizziness, nausea and headaches. In addition, the prolonged inhaling of fine silica results in the occurrence of silicosis and damages the lung tissues causing respiratory failure (Pirzadeh, et al., 2015).

While the workers are working in the oil and gas industries by taking such risks to their lives at that time they must be provided with the best possible legal requirements which can save them from many kinds of hazards. For that reason, there have been the implementations of the many legal processes which will save them from getting injured. Moreover, the implementations of legal requirements carry out the management of ethical considerations by the formulation of acts. These acts provide the knowledge regarding the eye and face protection, hand protection, head protection, foot protection, machinery and machine guarding, storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gasses and fire protection.

In addition, there will be the strong implementation of the flame-resistant clothing along with the positioning of the Active hydrocarbon Zone (Pirzadeh, et al., 2015). There will also be the barrier guard for the draw works drum at the oil drilling sites. Various industries have incorporated the safe entry and cleaning of the petroleum storage tanks, planning and managing tank entry by Recommissioning to Decommissioning.

The changes within the whole process are the part that establishes the health and safety within the organization. In any case, the changes that have been the required within the processes are the flaws in the safety culture, lacking real commitment, flawed communication, inadequate learning from the previous events and finally the lacking of real commitment by the leaders towards safety (Pirzadeh, et al., 2015).

The reason behind the implementation of these changes will basically enhance the productivity along with the improvement of safety. Moreover, there will be the decrease of accidents as compared to previous times to help to calculate the high and low accident rates within the organizations. The changes will never let the employees face the adverse or unsafe condition within the workplace at Beach Energy.

The health and safety establishment is the part that basically helps in the formulation of the rules as well as policies which will help the employees in getting the solutions to the issues raised in the occupational health exposure the overall assumptions provided by the paper will definitely provide the clear scenario of the occupational health hazard.

Thus the designing of the work methodologies along with the tools as well as equipment will help in the elimination of the occupational health hazard. More specifically due to this fact the production, human life, and quality will be mostly at risk which will enhance the capabilities which will help in recognizing the limitations (Solaß, et al., 2013).

Thus the management by which the occupational health hazard can be minimized comprises of the health care system, hygiene and sanitation, first-aid, emergency medical care, health risk assessment, medical management of obnoxious substances, pre-employment and regular medical check-ups and wellness as well as the fitness program for the employees and the families.

 

Detail the Occupational Health Program you have Chosen

The employees in the Beach Energy generally face the condition of occupational health hazard that basically affects their skin, lungs as well as other organs. In that context, the employees face this situation by getting exposed to the scenario for prolonged time period. Moreover, this may also lead to the emergence of the noise-induced hearing loss. And finally, the most important part is that the occupational health hazards result in the threatening of the life of the workers (Solaß, et al., 2013).

Thus for that reason, the management of the Beach Energy should formulate the effective plan which will help the employers to carry out the whole process. In that context, the occupational health program is such a part that protects the workers from being exposed to the chemicals, radiation and all other hazardous materials. As per the concept, an effective plan is an approach that will help in working against the exposures (Wong, Gray & Sadiqi, 2015).

For that reason, the plan should contain the purpose statement, responsibilities of the employers, supervisors, and workers, identification as well as the assessment of the associated risks, risk control, manpower education and training, safe and clear working procedures, hygiene facilities and the decontamination procedures, documentation and health monitoring. By acquiring these process there will have the organization will reach up to the elimination of the occupational health hazards.

In addition to that, the monitoring of these processes or the health monitoring in the Beach Energy can be carried out by identifying the respective chemical or any other causative exposure. By identifying the accurate process or the actual nature of the chemical the monitoring can be fulfilled. The assessment of the whole procedure is the witness that the organization will be able to fulfil the objective by carrying out proper planning, implementation, and evaluation of the risk as well as the every possible management strategies (Solaß, et al., 2013).

This will help the addressing the health hazards, enforcements, data collection systems, surveillance, and dissemination. The tools and techniques like the automatic detection technology will be very much helpful in improvising the employee outcome. Along with that, the real-time monitoring solutions will also help in the communication process and precise employee positioning.

 

Conclusions

This paper illustrated the key insights regarding the occupational health hazards. Along with that it also provided the detailed knowledge of how these occupational health issues can be tackled in the oil and gas industries like Beach Energy. In that context, the paper provided a management process which can be gained from the above-mentioned plan. The proper implementation of the plan and the regular monitoring of the implemented plan will improvise the health and safety process in the organization.

 

References 

Cooklin, A., Joss, N., Husser, E., & Oldenburg, B. (2015). Integrated approaches to occupational health and safety: a systematic review. American journal of health promotion, ajhp-141027.

Guzman, J., Tompa, E., & De Boer, H. (2013). Accounting for all the Benefits: How should we judge the worth of occupational health and safety programs in the healthcare sector. WorkSafeBC.

Kvorning, L. V., Hasle, P., & Christensen, U. (2015). Motivational factors influencing small construction and auto repair enterprises to participate in occupational health and safety programmes. Safety science, 71, 253-263.

Laberge, M., MacEachen, E., & Calvet, B. (2014). Why are occupational health and safety training approaches not effective? Understanding young worker learning processes using an ergonomic lens. Safety Science, 68, 250-257.

Lay, A. M., Saunders, R., Lifshen, M., Breslin, C., LaMontagne, A., Tompa, E., & Smith, P. (2016). Individual, occupational, and workplace correlates of occupational health and safety vulnerability in a sample of Canadian workers. American journal of industrial medicine, 59(2), 119-128.

MacIntyre, C. R., Chughtai, A. A., Seale, H., Richards, G. A., & Davidson, P. M. (2014). Respiratory protection for healthcare workers treating Ebola virus disease (EVD): Are facemasks sufficient to meet occupational health and safety obligations?. International journal of nursing studies, 51(11), 1421.

McLaughlin, J., Hennebry, J., & Haines, T. (2014). Paper versus practice: occupational health and safety protections and realities for temporary foreign agricultural workers in Ontario. Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la santé, (16-2).

McLeod, C. (2014). 0418 Evaluation of an audit-based occupational health and safety recognition program on firm work-injury rates in British Columbia, Canada. Occup Environ Med, 71(Suppl 1), A53-A53.

Myers, J. E., London, L., Jeebhay, M., Badenhorst, C., Bida, M., Carstens, S., ... & Naidoo, R. N. (2016). Occupational health and safety and the National Public Health Institute of South Africa: deliberations from a national consultative meeting: correspondence. South African Medical Journal, 106(6), 538-539.

Pirzadeh, P., Lingard, H., Blismas, N., Mills, T., & Kleiner, B. (2015). Proactive evaluation of occupational health and safety performance in construction projects using the hierarchy of controls concept. In CIB W099: Safety and Health in Construction (pp. 438-448). CIB.

Reese, C. D. (2015). Occupational health and safety management: a practical approach. CRC press.

Seim, R., Poulsen, S., & Broberg, O. (2014). New developments in occupational health and safety management in Danish companies. In 11th International Symposium on Human Factors.

Sinelnikov, S., Inouye, J., & Kerper, S. (2015). Using leading indicators to measure occupational health and safety performance. Safety science, 72, 240-248.

Solaß, W., Giger-Pabst, U., Zieren, J., & Reymond, M. A. (2013). Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC): occupational health and safety aspects. Annals of surgical oncology, 20(11), 3504-3511.

Sussman, R., & Farris, J. (2016). Occupational Health and Safety Aspects of ADCs and Their Toxic Payloads. Antibody?Drug Conjugates: Fundamentals, Drug Development, and Clinical Outcomes to Target Cancer, 151-175.

Wong, J. Y. Y., Gray, J., & Sadiqi, Z. (2015). Barriers to Good Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) Practices by Small Construction Firms. Journal of Construction Management, 30(I), 55-66. 

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