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Operations Research In Solid Waste Management

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Question:

Discuss about the Operations Research in Solid Waste Management.
 
 

Answer:

Introduction

As a leader and manager of the newly formed lobby group, it is my responsibility to identify the issues and problems related to recycling and ensuring management of a cleaner and healthier environment. The main aim of the team performance plan is to achieve the desired recycling rates and ensure that the wastes are managed properly through recycling, reusing and collected for incineration (Allesch and Brunner 2014).

The problem here is the lack of recycling and use of plastics for food packaging along with not using the home recycle bins. Due to lack of recycling, there has been pollution and the wastes are not disposed properly as well, which created pollution and even harmed the ecological balance in nature.

The problem is to be solved by making sure that the wastes are collected in colour coded bins and later used for reusing and incineration. The wastes, when disposed in a landfill can often create bad smell and pollute the environment (Ghiani et al. 2014). This can create land and water pollution and at the same time, harm the aquatic life and habitat present there. The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development proposed various ways to recycle the wastes and even put those in proper bins so that those could be reused and pollution is prevented. The general public should be made aware of the recycling schemes while the waste stream diversion success is ensured through the management of kerbside, buyback and drop off recycling programs.

Team Goals and KPI

Objective 1- To form an effective team and focus on recycling of wastes

KPI- Awareness among team members

As a leader of the lobby group, it is my responsibility to form a team and make them accustomed with the recycling of wastes. It can ensure that people recycle everything and even put those in the right place and time for reducing the chances of pollution.

Objective 2- To manage the wastes properly and keep the environment clean and healthy

KPI- Management of solid wastes

The lobby group must understand the importance of solid waste management, which is considered as a social responsibility for becoming sustainable through the reduction of wastes and preventing emissions of harmful gases and toxic materials like carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, sulphur oxides, etc (Allesch and Brunner 2014).

Objective 3- To use bins and transfer the wastes to landfills for incineration 

KPI- Landfill and incineration

Investments must be done for ensuring that there could be enough trucks used to transport the wastes and even manage the wastes to landfills outside the city. The staffs must be trained for making them knowledgeable and skilled about the ways of managing the wastes properly, furthermore ensure a cleaner and healthier environment with much ease and efficacy (Ghiani et al. 2014).

Objective 4- To use scrunchable plastics that can be recycled

KPI- Use of reusable and recyclable plastics

The use of recyclable and reusable plastics can help in reducing the pollution level and at the same time, facilitate the usage of eco-friendly packaging materials. The wastes will be recycled and used for other purposes, which can also improve the wellbeing of the environment.

 

Objective 5- To reduce the emissions of harmful pollutants and gases

KPI- Complying with the environmental laws

It will be effective for preventing the wastes and reduce the consumption of raw materials. It is important to reduce the usage and consumption of energy for ensuring that lesser pollution is created. Environment friendly practices by complying with the environmental laws are managed to ensure that lesser amounts of wastes are generated and the greenhouse gases emissions are reduced largely too (Allesch and Brunner 2014).

The KPI will be successful because the wastes will be managed properly and even those will be disposed in areas where it will be incinerated and even prevent chances of pollution. Previously, the wastes, when disposed in nearby areas, caused bad smell, environmental pollution and damaged the ecological balance in nature. Now, with the introduction of eco-friendly bins, recyclable plastics and waste water stream diversion, the wastes are disposed properly, which has reduced the pollution level and maintained a healthy ecosystem. The Key performance indicators or KPIs are chemical emissions, facility saturation rate, compliance with water license conditions and waste management along with pollution indicators such as emission to air, effluent and solid wastes. The rate of segregation, waster cost per carriageway, surface runoff efficiency, waste generation per project and waste water discharge are other key performance indicators (Ghiani et al. 2014).

Conclusion

The focus of the report was to reduce the generation of wastes and ensure recycling and reuse of those for maintaining a cleaner and healthier environment. The wastes should be disposed in bins and not left here and there. It must be considered that the wastes should be transferred to landfills while the plastics bags used for packaging must be recycled and reused. This would reduce the harmful effects of pollution as well as minimise the generation of wastes largely.

Team Performance Plan

Team purpose:

To recycle and reuse the wastes and make sure to overcome environmental pollution problems

Objectives

Key performance indicators (KPIs)

Milestones and deadlines

Expected results

To form an effective team and focus on recycling of wastes

Interest among team members about the waste recycling and reuse

July 1- August 31

The teams should understand the significance of waste management

To manage the wastes properly and keep the environment clean and healthy

Solid waste management

September 1- November 31

The wastes should be managed properly

To use bins and transfer the wastes to landfills for incineration 

Incineration and landfills

December 1- January 31

The bins should be placed at every locations to ensure that the wastes are dumped into those only

To use scrunchable plastics that can be recycled

Reusable plastics usage

February 1- April 31

The plastics should be recycled

To reduce the emissions of harmful pollutants and gases

Keep emissions of gases under limit by complying with the environmental laws

May 1- June 31

The air filters should be installed at houses and the emissions of gases in the air must be monitored weekly.

Roles of team members

 

To communicate among each other and understand the importance of recycling and reuse of wastes

Responsibilities of team members

The responsibilities of the team members are to engage in training sessions and evaluate the investments, predict the actual budget to be incurred and prioritise of the laws, rules and regulations regarding waste management

Support/coaching/training options

As a leader and manager, I need to monitor their performances and conduct training sessions for improving their knowledge, skills and expertise.

Training and development

The training and development will make the team members more skilled and knowledgeable to manage the wastes properly

 

 

References

Allesch, A. and Brunner, P.H., 2014. Assessment methods for solid waste management: A literature review. Waste Management & Research, 32(6), pp.461-473.

Ghiani, G., Laganà, D., Manni, E., Musmanno, R. and Vigo, D., 2014. Operations research in solid waste management: A survey of strategic and tactical issues. Computers & Operations Research, 44, pp.22-32.

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