1.The similarities between the art and press photography are the photographs that are captured, which helps in telling a story or is used to convey a message. The person who takes up these photographs is creative and has a proper conception, which helps them to explain the happenings through the help of photograph. The similarities are mainly based on the creativity apart from which it serves as different purposes.
Most of the press photographers click the pictures, which helps in providing a specific purpose. They are usually connected with some magazines or newspapers and the primary focus of the pictures are based on the current events that help in telling a story. The difference between them is that the photography that is related to press can be used as a visual support apart from words that helps in conveying a story about a document or an event to the viewers. Art photography on the other hand, is based mainly on the creative vision of the photographer. It is considered to be an expression of the photographer who has tried to capture the image ("Cartier-Bresson's Decisive Moment by David Friend - The Digital Journalist", 2017)
2.Manipulation of photos in the current world scenario has become a phenomenon and is largely affecting the world of art photography. Manipulation of photography had started shortly after the period when photography was invented. The editing and retouching of photos with the help of digital media has helped the photographers who specialized in fine art to create the photos in a creative manner. Practicing this type of alterations in art photography is widely acceptable and is ethical in nature, as it is mainly based on the imagination and level of creativity that the photographer has while capturing the picture. The combination of art with respect to photography allows the viewers and the photographers to term the photographs as art photography. Painting plays an influential role that has been present since the invention of concept of photography and helped the photographers in gaining valuable insights about art photography. The combination of painting and photography has helped in coining the term art photography. The photographers have the right to manipulate the photographs, as they try to convey their own story rather than conveying ideas of other people (Shooting the truth: How photographs in the media betray us by Gordana Iceveska).
3.It is unethical to alter the photographs that are related to the press, as the photographers try to convey a message based on the truth that has been captured with respect to an event. These photographs try to portray a vivid picture about the real case scenario so that the viewers can have a proper idea about the incident that is taking place. The primary aim of this photography is to provide the image in its truest format to the public so that they can understand the happenings around its surrounding. These images try to connect the viewer with the situation so that they can have the same experience that is being portrayed through the photo. These images need to be kept authentic so that it can allow the photographers to take credibility from the public and continue their work in a diligent manner.
Figure 3: Lady GaGa performing at Glastonbury Festival in Pilton
(Source: SWNS, 2009)
Figure 4: Man standing in the church ruins in the earthquake of Haiti
(Source: Sunday Tribune, 2010)
Cartier-Bresson's Decisive Moment by David Friend - The Digital Journalist. (2017). Digitaljournalist.org. Retrieved 31 October 2017, from https://digitaljournalist.org/issue0412/friend.html
Magnum Photos. (2017). Pro.magnumphotos.com. Retrieved 31 October 2017, from https://pro.magnumphotos.com/Asset/-2S5RYD1B6V1O.html)
Magnum Photos. (2017). Pro.magnumphotos.com. Retrieved 31 October 2017, from https://pro.magnumphotos.com/Asset/-2S5RYDZCKY50.html)
Shooting the truth: How photographs in the media betray us by Gordana Iceveska p 18-19