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PHC372 Public Health Outbreak And Disater Managements

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  • Course Code: PHC372
  • University: Saudi Electronic University
  • Country: Saudi Arabia

Question:

Describe the role of Public Health in both planning for and responding to disasters
Identify the components of an action plan for addressing community health needs in disasters
List the qualifications necessary for personnel responsible for disaster preparedness
Identify and describe the six phases that correspond to the type of activities involved in preparing for and responding to a disaster.
 
 

Answer:

Introduction:

Emergency and disaster planning is an almost accurate approach that involves cooperative processes from different stakeholders with the goal of minimizing the spread of disaster outbreak. Failure to plan is risky as it places the lives of other people at risk and may increase the costs of managing and eradicating disasters. Actions plans are needed not only for managing the disaster, but also for continuity of life as society copes with the impact of the outbreak. Action plans act as a guide for recovery and reconstruction processes when disaster strikes. The components of an action plan include public health surveillance and control management, infection protection and control, risk communication, case management, and establishing laboratory capacity for studying and understanding the infectious disaster (Al-abaidani et al., 2014). This paper discusses how the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia responded to the MERS-CoV outbreak by utilizing two of the components of an action plan for addressing community health needs in disasters.

According to Delkins (2014), the regional and national rapid response team responded to the disaster immediately the first cases were confirmed. MERS-Cov is a viral respiratory infection that spreads through human contact. As a result, there is a need for practical measures to ensure that the virus does not spread to healthcare providers and other people that come into contact with the infected.  Al-baidani et al. (2014) explain that the World Health Organization (WHO) dispatched a team of experts to help in surveying and controlling the disease. To manage and control the spread of the viral infection, the ministry of health sent professionals to screen and help prevent the spread of infections to those in contact with patients. Additionally, Within the next fourteen days after the first case had been reported, the government and the ministry of health with the help of WHO came up with immediate national infection prevention control guidelines to deal with confirmed cases in the region at large.

 

The second component of the action plan that was implemented to tackle the spread of MERS-CoV was the expansion of laboratory diagnostic capacity and facilities. The ministry of health in conjunction with WHO trained laboratory personnel on how to collect samples, package, and ship them for analysis. Staff in all hospitals countrywide were trained on how to and how to store them to avoid infection through contact. The government initiated a project with a surveillance system for severe acute respiratory infections (SARI). SARI system operated in hospitals and countrywide centers by helping in examining the epidemiology of MERS-CoV. Samples were collected and sent to SARI sentinel sites that had laboratories for studying the epidemic of MERS-CoV.

Action plans help minimize the risk of spread of infections. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and other countries worked together to reduce the spread of MERS-CoV. Expansion of laboratory capacities and training of lab personnel aimed to eliminate the risk of infections from contact with the virus. The disaster surveillance and control management team responded by addressing the spread of the virus through physical contact.

 

References

Al-abaidani, I., S., Al-Maani, A., S., Al-Kindi, A., H., Al-Jarkani, A., K., Abdel-Hady, D., M., Zayed, B., E., Al-Harthy, K., S., Al-Shaksy, K., H., & Al-Abri, S., S. (2014). Overview of preparedness and response for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Oman. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 29, 309-310. Retrieved January 30, 2019 from https://ac.els-cdn.com/S1201971214016488/1-s2.0-S1201971214016488-main.pdf?_tid=11b2cd12-861d-495a-8c6d-bae964887ad7&download=true&acdnat=1548863455_f0283af2a9911080f4a519c535a3582e

Delkins, V. (2014). Healthcare associate transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, MERS-CoV in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 29, 299–300. Retrieved January 30, 2019 from https://ac.els-cdn.com/S1201971214016427/1-s2.0-S1201971214016427-main.pdf?_tid=2b8957e5-6374-46d4-a164-0eb12dfbfd43&acdnat=1548649018_339e95b30e20186ddc69536f9b8685a0

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