Comparison between DAD, SAFE and SCRUM
DISCIPLINED AGILE DELIVERY (DAD)
SCALED AGILE FRAMEWORK (SAFE)
SOFTWARE DEVEOLMENT (SCRUM)
DAD practices decision framework which is used for enabling simplified procedure for decisions around both solutions delivery i.e. the iterative and the incremental.
SAFE is designed by the Scaled Agile, and is a software development for agile framework. SAFE comprises of knowledge base with integrated patterns which intend to enterprise –scale the Lean-Agile development.
SCRUM is defined as both the incremental and the iterative software development for agile framework by the management for the development of product.
DAD comprises of two roles:
Ø Primary roles.
These are those roles which occur without considering scale level. (Ambler, 2012) These include:
· Team lead:
Team lead also led as an agile coach whose responsibility is to optimize processes, ensures high availability of resources free from obstacles and facilitates communication.
· Product owner:
Is the only individual, speaks as “one voice of the customer”. He/she solely represents the requirement of stakeholder’s community to team for agile delivery.
· Architecture owner:
Is responsible for facilitating evaluation and creation of complete solution design. He/she also architect’s the team decisions.
Is the one gets impacted with the solution’s outcome. Stakeholder is directly affected by the development and deployment of software project.
· Team member:
His role is to focus as per the actual requirement by stakeholders. Programming, planning, analyzing, testing, estimating, designing and lots of other activities as required in a project will be performed by team members.
Ø Secondary Roles
These are those roles which got introduced for addressing scaling issues. These include:
Is responsible to build complete system from the integrator’s different subsystems.
As per project needs sometime Specialists are required.
Ø Independent Tester:
Few DAD team gets support from Independent test team which work parallel for validation of work.
Ø Domain expert:
Usually required in complex domains.
Ø Technical expert:
At the time of difficult issues a technical expert is required.
Following are the SAFE roles which includes:
Ø To manage their work.
Ø To work with the goal of continuous improvement.
Ø To estimate size and complexity of work.
Ø Responsible to build with continuous improvement in the quality of the deliverables.
Ø They work to accomplish program increment (PI) or an iteration timebox.
Ø They determine technical design within their concerned area, as per the architectural guidelines. (Leffingwell, 2007)
SCRUM Framework comprises of following three roles. It includes:
Ø Product Owner
· Represents the voice
of the customer and stakeholders.
· An important aspect is to ensure team members work to enhance deliverable values of the business.
· Writes customer-oriented items, include them in product backlog, also they prioritize these as per the vitality and dependency.
· Bridges gap between team and stakeholders.
Ø Development Team
Development team role is to ensure the delivery of product’s potentially shippable increments (PSIs) at each Sprint end.
Ø Scrum Master
· Accountable to remove hindrance in the team’s path to deliver highest level deliverables and the product goals.
· Acts as Team’s Protector. He/she stands between distracting influential and team.
· Make sure that team is following Scrum framework.
· Facilitates about team events and educating Scrum principles to the stakeholders.
· Tries to promote self-organization within the team. (Henry, 2003)
DAD provides light-weight guidance, which assists company for streamlining processes of information technology with context-sensitive form. DAD includes following processes:
Ø Delivery process:
It promotes working as a whole, start –to-finish and complete lifecycle of solution delivery (e.g. scrum-based, continuous delivery, Kanban-based and also exploratory lifecycle). Delivery process includes following concepts of inception, construction, transition and production.
For supporting light-weight approach in tailoring process, framework of DA (Disciplined Agile) framework uses approach of goal-driven. Its main goal is to help an individual with process-related decisions which they require to scale agile also to tailor strategies that can be created to address the current situation.
Ø Information Technology (IT) Process:
2.0 DA framework has been released in order to support all sort of activities related to IT. Below overviews process blades of DA 2.0.
DA software delivery team follows a lifecycle which is context-driven. It contains Agile, basic, lean, advanced, exploratory, continuous delivery and also program management. Disciplined DevOps streamlines both IT delivery and the operations which contains operations, release management, data management and support. At last, DA IT, is the one in which everyone of IT eco-system is involved. They all works in very collaborative, evolutionary and learning-oriented manner.
Also, DA IT contains management of people, product, portfolio, architecture of enterprise; reuse engineering, governance of IT and finally continuous improvement.
Following include the SAFE processes:
Ø Agile Transformation:
First process which comprises Transformation of Scaled Agile with RAGE, SAFE and Transformation of Pilot Agile.
Ø Development of Agile Hardware:
This process contains Training and Piloting of Agile Hardware
Ø Phases of Agile Implementation:
This includes Assessment of Agile Readiness, Strategy Planning of Agile Foundation, Coaching, Training and Mentoring of Agile, Maintenance of Agile and finally Changing Management Services.
Ø Training of Agile:
This process comprises of all Public, Online and Private Training.
Ø Case Studies of Agile Transformation
SCRUM process assists work items which plan and track work, review the code, takes feedback and finally test the code. A SCRUM process can be explained in below five phases:
Initiate consists of processes which help in creating project vision, identifying Scrum Master and stakeholder, structuring Scrum Team, originating Epics, developing the product Backlog as per the priority and regulating release planning.
Ø Plan and estimate: This phase consists of processes which help in generating, approving, estimating and committing user’s stories. It helps in estimating and creating tasks and also creates sprint backlog.
This phase consists of processes which help in generating deliverables, organizing daily meeting and also grooms the product backlog as per the priority. ( Leybourn, 2013)
Ø Review and Retrospect:
This phase consists of processes which help in assembling Scrum within the Scrums; retrospect the sprint and finally signifying and validating sprint.
This phase consists of processes which help in shipping deliverables and finally retrospect project.
DAD includes following artifacts:
Ø Domain Model
Ø Diagram of Data Flow
Ø Contract model
Ø Model of CRC i.e. Class- Responsibility Collaborator
Ø Business Rule
Ø Acceptance Test
Ø Diagram of UML Deployment
Ø Diagram of UML Component
Ø Diagram of UML Activity
Ø Diagram of Object-Role (OR) Model
Ø Network Diagram
Ø Mind Map
Ø Diagram of Logical Data (LD) Model
Ø Flow Charts
Ø Diagram of Free-Form
Ø Prototype with Vital User Interface
Ø Case of Abstract Use
“SMART” Set which comprises objectives of stretch (describe goals which got built for planning and don’t get committed by whole team.)
Program board used to showcase current features regarding delivery dates, inter-dependencies among different teams, applicable milestones and all other ARTs.
Commitment and Confidence Vote which exists for ART. ( Ken, 2013)
Means of scum anticipates team to guide product or system to a state which can be shipped or delivered after finishing every Scrum Sprint.
Contains a document which carries information regarding requirement and the way to implement upcoming sprint by the team.
Product backlog. Contains document which is prepared by Product Owner. This document has listed all the requirements from customer which got prioritized from business value perspective. (Morris, 2007)
Burndown Chart. Contains document which depicts work which egets updated daily and present in Sprint.
Ø For the market, time will get decreases. This is due to which it enables the shorter modification efforts from automation.
Ø The deployment cost got decreases. This is due to the streamlined release management, testing of automated regression and automated deployment.
Ø Among the deployments there will be enhancement for the mean time. Due to continuous integration and delivery enables that the team for regularized deployed.
Ø The quality gets improved. This is due to the fact that strategies related to agile and lean used for applying on the management of the information which enhance the whole data quality across companies.
Ø Market competitiveness enhanced because of the enhanced quality.
Ø Decision-making gets enhanced because of the insight strategies based on real-time from the operation intelligence.
Ø This is used freely and publicly available.
Ø This is also available highly in the usable and approachable form.
Ø It is lightweight in its best sense.
Ø This is very practical. As the particular targeted audience is the individuals who do the development of the software.
Ø This is very specific and it offers the specific concepts, terms and practices which are used by the developers of the software.
Ø It codifies expediently the general practices of the agile practices that are utilized today.
Ø The general practices of the agile offered useful extensions.
Ø In enterprise context the agile practices are pounded
Ø Maintenance should get done regularly
Ø It provides the software development whole image.
Ø This gives the better quality. This is due to which it supports the framework or the continual feedback and exposure so that it make sure it is having high quality.
Ø The time of the market assist in decreasing. It happens because the functionality is swarmed usually for the finish of every sprint.
Ø On increasing the assistance of the investment return. The major reasons for this are that there is reduction for the failure of the cost.
Ø This gives the higher satisfaction to the clients.
Ø The morale of the team is high
Ø Collaboration and ownership gets increased
Ø Metrics are given which are relevant
Ø Enhancement assistance for progress visibility and exposure
Ø Supports in raising the control of the project
Ø Risk got reduced by giving the continuous feedback on products and procedures. (Cohn, 2010)
It is viewed usually as being very complex and the complexity of technical that the professionals IT may experience contain:
Ø Platforms for new technology
Ø Contains various technology platforms
Ø Legacy of the data
Ø Legacy systems
Ø Solutions for the embedded system.
Ø Solutions for the Commercial off-the-shelf
Its complexity exists mostly emotionally on question whether the approaches of the scaling agile are adequate or not sufficient. This is very complex for the unknown probe-sense-response for practicing which is emergent. Its demands learning, probes fail-2-safe, failures and courage.
Its look for the complexity at the modification of the cost. It believes the code complexity. It is also relative to experience and knowledge of the individual who appropriate the object force. They could understand easily the complexity of experience and knowledgeable that is equal in all the members of the team members. (Roman, 2010).
This is used mostly for cracking the solution for the stakeholders.
This is used for creating the whole system from the subsystem.
Agile development used SAFE and scales the lean in any bigger software organization.
This is utilized for giving assistant to the team and executives with consulting coaching, training and services.
This is used for transforming the management of project across all the industry, like and business in general. For instance, one is capable enough for responding accurately and quickly reacts to the inevitable modifications.
This is used by various universities for delivering projects that are valued to the customers.
For ship deployment used by the militaries.
For tools this framework is orthogonal (principles, techniques and practices that captured with framework that are independent for particular tools). Such tools contains rational method composer, method park stages, enterprise transformation advisor, Blueprint and Microsoft TFS. ( Heusser, 2015)
Tools that are utilized for supporting SAFE depend on levels. The tools contain Kanban board, global roadmap, scrum board and Plutora. ( Philippe, 2014)
Tools which support SCRUM contains agile buddy, agile soup, agile bench, agile agenda, version one, sprint ground, pivotal tracker, agilo for the SCRUM and ActiveCollab.
Spreadsheet - This is used for building and maintaining the artifacts used such as Sprint Backlog
Open-source and proprietary software – these are the SCRUM packages. ( Brown, 2013)
The SCRUM, Scaled Framework of Agile and Disciplined Agile Deliver are very important and vital in one of the points. Company can adapt and use from any of three technology and execute it in their organization. From the above table, it was clear that Disciplined Agile Delivery (practices sets that will get advanced by IBM so that it can assist the larger team of the software development for becoming more successful with the development of the agile as for the smaller development teams) will be much successful to the company. (Kruchten, 2013) As it helps in assisting and offering framework mix which combines best direction from existing and proven variety like various agile practices such as DSDM, XP, FDD, SCRUM and crystals. This will help the organization for supplementing the communal methods of the agile with the guidance of the organizations. For instance, this assists the organization team for showing them to take and develop the concept of the mainstream such as the employee backlog to another level. Thus, it will make them suitable to get utilized by the environments of the larger firms. Thus, the provided firm is huge; this assists the organization with the teams of the project to get most out from the development methodologies of the agile.
The methodology Disciplined Agile Delivery will likewise be more fruitful in my extensive organization in view of the organization for all intents and purposes, it has given the four life-cycles that backings every one of the kinds of the spry while having some consistency that the system gives, it has been lightweight, worked in governance of agile. The development team are geologically scattered, it additionally underpins the organizations ventures utilizing customary methodologies by teaming up with the conventional groups. DAD is the key to the organization discussed since it bolsters the variety of procedures, advancements and individuals who are found inside the expansive association. What's more, DAD additionally gives an extremely relative exhortation with respect to their exchange offs and the feasible options so that the organization can address the problems. It additionally help the organization in embracing the systems that a privilege and best for association. It likewise helps the organization in conveyance of the consumable arrangements. It additionally makes supporting report for the organization. The Disciplined Agile Delivery additionally gives a superior establishment to scaling. It likewise gives an adaptable and rich direction for immense range of the circumstance that the organization faces. It’s for the most part does this through the procedure objective driven approach which is the decent decision for the organization. (Mark, 2012).
Thus, as the organization, when it required for assembling the DAD team, we embrace usually the comprehensive specialists, building team within the organization that of right size with project, center of attention mainly on team collaboration, better sympathetic of the team of the organization and principles of the team and try to get careful and flexible with the teams that are self-organizing. Thus, the best methodology is the Discipline Agile Delivery that the organization can make and adopt to be more successful in market because this is very large organization. Additionally, it will advice most of organizations for adopting the methodologies of DAD because of the numerous benefits and advantages and execute especially to the organizations that will be large. (Beck, 2001)
Heusser, M. (2015),”Introducing the scaled agile framework”, CIO, pp. 1–2 — contains a review of the pros and cons of the methodology and concludes it is a half-way-house to a fully agile system.
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Philippe K.; Paul G. (2014), A Guide to Critical Success Factors in Agile Delivery, IBM Center for the Business of Government. p. 14.
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