The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark legislation as it aimed to remove all kinds of discrimination of race, colour, the place of origin of a person. The Act came into existence when there was rampant discrimination in the form of elimination and the American life was distraught with inhuman practices. The discrimination extended to unemployment, no schooling and the discriminated and the dominated class was not allowed to cast their vote and their right to basic education was also taken away from them (Strong & Howard, 2017). The Act therefore was the basic reason behind the amelioration took place and the Act looked into all spheres of basic human rights, like employment, education etc. The discrimination was to the extent where the human life was not given the status and respect it deserved and thus the Act changed the society’s perspective towards discrimination. The disadvantaged group which comprised of women and the minorities were differently treated and they did not have access to basic human rights (Walker, 2015). The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a first of its kind legislation that wanted to change the existing discrimination in the society and wanted to bring and assimilate all the communities together. Though the Act has tried to change the existing conditions but the litigations and the discriminations point towards the existing situation which has not successfully been removed (Levinson, 2017).
Though there has not been express acceptance of the fact that discriminations still lives on but to come to the conclusion that there is no discrimination and that everyone is treated equally with respect and that human rights are upheld are not assertions that can be negated. The Civil Rights Act have lived on through all the ups and downs because the true essence of the legislation lives on: to ensure human rights. The truest win for the Civil Rights Act was the elimination of segregation in public. accommodations and this benefitted the American South that were made to be discriminated and they were treated like minorities and they did not have access to basic human rights and the amenities of life (Gardener, 2016). Even though there has not been complete elimination of discrimination and there is still an existing pay gap that is discriminatory, the situation has improved for the better. The Civil Rights Act was successfully in laying the ground work for the elimination of discrimination. The Act thereafter was essential because it removed the discrimination to a certain extent (Andrews & Gaby, 2015).
The basic aim of the Act was to ensure that the minorities are not discriminated but the Act had fallen short of the basic goal but there were other facets of the Act that ensured that there shall be no discrimination. The employment protection under the Title VI of the Act was important because it ensured that the minorities, women, gay, lesbian and bisexual community were safeguarded from all the discrimination. From the moment the Africans had put their first foot on American soil, it had become increasingly clear that the Africans were inferior to the Americans and they had to be ruled and that they did not deserve the basic human rights and therefore the Negro was the term that was used to denote the new entrants and also they were not given the status of humans and were also considered inferior to the white Americans (Cascio, 2018). There is a very small but significant history that led to the uprising of the equality and abolishment of discrimination. The doctrine that came about at this time was during the superiority of the white Americans and the doctrine was “separate but equal” which was again used in the case of Plessy v Ferguson and in the case of Brown v Board of Education where the Supreme Court held that ‘separate but equal’ was an unconstitutional provision and it cannot be held to be legally binding and enforceable. Therefore, to improve the civil rights condition of the Negro, the civil laws were implemented so that the blatant racism that was ongoing will stop. The discrimination was pertinent even in the field of armed forces, transportation and in the areas of housing and therefore, it was important that the discrimination stopped (Sen, 2017).
In relation to the discrimination and civil rights, there were many stumbling blocks to the discrimination in terms of civil rights violation. The Truman administration, Roosevelt administration was aimed towards ensuring that there needs to be implementation of innovation as well as creative ideas and also, it is imperative to ensure that there is no poll tax, lynching and also fair employment. The legislations regarding the upholding of civil rights was important because the Civil Rights Act 1957 and 1960 were important as it dealt primarily with voting rights. As the situation did not improve any more and there were employment issues it became evidently clear that the administration and the legislation did not take up enough issues and therefore the democrats were allowed a liberal approach and they made most of the liberal approach that was presented to them to make sure their situation improved. In light of the Civil Rights and also the legislation and the administration was not well equipped to deal with the rising condition where the minorities and with time it was clear that the minorities were taking a stand and which could have led to a severe uprising. There was a huge number of protests that was already taking place in the United States and therefore there was a sudden and dramatic change in the condition (Habermas, 2018).
The 1964 Civil Rights Act paved a new way for the federal government to amend the wrongs they have done and also come up with new and revised techniques to deal with the discrimination and also tell the story in a new way, without any discrimination and harassment of human rights. There is a need to bring together all the grassroots level and also guarantee civil rights to one and all. A civilized and modern society cannot be said to be growing without giving due recognition to human rights and therefore it is a prerequisite to ensure that human rights is a part of the civilized society. After the Voting Rights Act, 1965, it was important to recognize the Civil Rights Act and also ring in a new way of protest and it was therefore important to legislate a new and growing world. The condition started growing to an extent where the right5s of the minorities were sidetracked and therefore, the Civil Rights Act helped in culminating trust and also restoring the faith of the minorities. In the light of the above mentioned discussions, it is important to ensure that there has been a significant growth in the domain of civil rights. The Civil Rights Act gave rise to marches and protests that gave the minorities a new will to fight and the speech of Martin Luther King was one of the most inspiring speeches that resonated with millions of people and was another way to inspire the people to fight their battle. Taking into consideration the past battles and also understanding the implications of the conditions, it is essential to state that the Civil Rights Act has been a success in ways more than one. The Civil Rights Act marked the banning of discrimination in housing markets and many other significant changes took place which shaped the course of history.
Andrews, K. T., & Gaby, S. (2015, June). Local protest and federal policy: The impact of the Civil Rights Movement on the 1964 Civil Rights Act. In Sociological Forum (Vol. 30, No. S1, pp. 509-527).
Cascio, W. (2018). Managing human resources. McGraw-Hill Education.
Gardner, M. E. (2016). The Bill of the Century: The Epic Battle for the Civil Rights Act.
Habermas, J. (2018). The concept of human dignity and the realistic utopia of human rights. In Human Dignity (pp. 52-70). Routledge.
Levinson, S. (2017). Citizenship and Equality in an Age of Diversity: Reflections on Balzac and the Indian Civil Rights Act. Centro Journal, 29(1), 76.
Sen, A. (2017). Elements of a theory of human rights. In Justice and the Capabilities Approach (pp. 221-262). Routledge.
Strong, R. A., & Howard, L. R. (2017). CIVIL RIGHTS ACT. The American Middle Class: An Economic Encyclopedia of Progress and Poverty [2 volumes], 369.
Walker, V. S. (2015). The 2014 Charles H. Thompson Lecture-Colloquium Presentation. School “Outer-gration” and “Tokenism”: Segregated Black Educators Critique the Promise of Education Reform in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Journal of Negro Education, 84(2), 111-124.