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Political Development Of Texas Government Add in library

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Question:

Describe constitutional history to explain the political development of Texas Government?

 

Answer:

Assessing the constitutional history to explain the political development of Texas Government.
 

Year and Document

Title of Texas (State, Republic, nation etc.) Purpose of the document

Political Issues, Tensions, Debates and Causes

Key changes and impact on organization, structure and power of Texas Government and consequences

1824 Federal Constitution Of United Mexican States

Texas was a state.
Change of structure of government and proper uniformity across Texas.

Catholic was now made the main religion, the faith of the state and everybody followed it.

Constitutional Government came into picture in Texas after 1824 Federal Constitution Of United Mexican States. But numerous limitations on the power of the President. Supreme court had to function with 11 judges and attorney under separate executive, legislative, and judicial functions.

1829 Constitution Of The State Of Coahuila Y Tejas

Texas was a state given these two states- Coahuila and Texas- power to make separate constitutions.

The administration replied with Decree Number 70 in 1829 excusing from creditor claims all lands expected from the Spanish independent along with other movable property.

The constitution separated the state into three departments as the District of Bexar was also there. This decree was also taken back in 1831.

Declaration Of Independence 1836

Independent state- no ties with Mexico.
Deceleration of independence being the purpose.

183 defenders were killed. This included many Mexicans who had fought for the independence of Texas. But all the oil-soaked bodies of these men were set on fire outside the Alamo.

They became an independent state with no ties with other states under Mexico.

Constitution Of Republic Of Texas 1836

Republic of Texas. Purpose- their own constitution.

The threat of attack by Mexican mounted troops inclined to throttle the originality in the document.

The first Anglo-American constitution to govern Texas. The great numbers of limitations and restrictions which were often found in state constitutions of the time were evaded.

Constitution Of Republic Of Texas 1845

Became a state under United Sates.

The capture of Texas to the United States became a topic of political debate. Moreover after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. All of this became a matter of international concern when Texas was a republic (Between 1836 and 1845)

The legislative department was now composed of a Senate. And from nineteen to thirty-three members with a House of Representatives of from forty-five to ninety. All bills have to be issued in this house only. The judiciary had supreme courts, judicial courts and other small courts.

Constitution Of Republic Of Texas 1861

Texas being a full part of U.S.A. The words United States of America were substituted with ‘Confederate States of America’.

Slavery rights were more directly defended.
A clause providing for freedom of slaves was eliminated, and declared illegal.

This constitution did not legalize the recommencement of the African slave trade.

Constitution Of Republic Of Texas 1866

Texas reentered the union.

Only white men could serve in the legislature.

Acceptance of abolition of slavery.

Governor’s term was increased to 4 years and they were not allowed to serve more than 8 years in a 12-year period. Salaries also got increased.

 

Constitution Of Republic Of Texas 1869

State under United States

Radical Reconstruction period

Civil war started with so many injuries to family and friends and it was the blame on south which was evident.

Constitution Of Republic Of Texas 1876

State under United States

Education policies led to rising costs and thus high property taxes.

Power- centralized in the state government

 

 

 


References

Hans Peter Nielsen Gammel, comp. 1898. Laws of Texas, 1822–1897.Austin: Gammel

Henderson K. Yoakum. 1855. History of Texas from Its First Settlement in 1685 to Its Annexation to the United States in 1846 (2 vols., New York: Redfield,).

Benson, Nettie Lee. 1987. Texas as Viewed from Mexico. 1820–1834.. Southwestern Historical Quarterly

The Constitution of Mexico, and of the State of Coahuila and Texas. 1832. New York: Ludwig and Tolefree.

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