1.a. The research question in this case would be: Is insecticide treated nets an appropriate method in the prevention of Malaria among children and pregnant women?
b. PICO is a scientific process that guide on research about a clinical problem. Apparently, PICO is an acronym where P means population, the patient or problem in question as well. I stands for the Intervention measures while C is comparison, control or comparator as well .Finally, O stands for the Outcome. Based on this scenario, the patients or population are both children and pregnant women while the problem is mortality due to malaria infection. The other I element of the PICO is intervention and in this scenario it is the Insecticide treated nets. Apparently for outcome in this scenario is absent since the Intervention under study is not being compared to any other intervention process. Finally O for outcome in this case implies reduced mortality rates after the intervention of insecticide treated nets is in full swing.
2.a. Based on this Scenario, the best research question would be: Is blood thinning medication an effective method of treating stroke among aged males as compared to warfarin?
b. PICO stands for patient, problem and population. In my research question in this scenario, P are the aged individual’s i.e. 78 year old Julies husband as well as the husband to her friend. The problem in this case is stroke. I stands for intervention and in this case it is warfarin since this was the initial prescription to Julies Husband by the doctors. C stands for comparison or comparator and in my research question it is Blood thinning medication since we are to compare its effectiveness to the warfarin medication. Finally it is the outcome and in this scenario, the desired outcome is to prevent or rather treat stroke among the aged males.
3.a. Based on this scenario, my research question would be, what are the risk factors associated with MDR-TB among the Migrant populations?
b. In my research question, P stands for the problem and the population or patient. The patient in this scenario are the migrants and the problem is the risks due to the MDR-TB. Apparently, Intervention and comparison are missing in my research question because we are only investigating the risk factors.
4.a. According to this scenario, the general research question could be: What are the main causes of obesity in children and what can be the best strategies to reduce obesity in children?
b. As explained earlier, PICO is an acronym used in research for clinical problems and it stands for population, patient and Problem. In this case therefore stands for children as the patient and population the Obesity is the Problem. I stands for intervention and in this case it is missing and that is the focus of the research now. C for comparison in this case is also missing since there is no alternative intervention measures being compared to. Finally, O stands for outcome and based on this scenario, the outcome is reduced cases of Obesity among Australian children.
5.a. In this scenario, I would use the evidence-based literature search approach. The key words I would search for are obesity, children and Australia and finally strategies to reduce obesity in children. The MeSH terms in this case would be Obesity as well as Interventions for Obesity. The inclusion criteria would be anything related to obesity among children while the exclusion criteria will involve around anything that is not related to children. The Boolean operators are AND, OR. In this case I will use AND to relate obesity and intervention strategies among the children.
b. The aim of using the evidence based search strategy is to find out the work that has already been published in that line and build on that to make a new research and conclusion.
c. The best study design that I would utilise in this scenario is the Systematic review design. Which involves reviewing different literature materials to come up with a substantial information and conclusion.
d. (Dobbins, DeCorby, Robeson, Husson, & Tirilis, 2009)
Dobbins, M., DeCorby, K., Robeson, P., Husson, H., & Tirilis, D. (2009). School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.cd007651