On 14th November 2016 the World Diabetes Day was held with the theme “Eyes on Diabetes” since diabetes is one of the major causes of blindness and visual impairment. WHO used the occasion to call different governments, healthcare professionals, and researchers to make significant contribution towards enhancing the outcome for people who suffer from diabetes. In New Zealand, it is the largest and fastest growing health condition that together with heart ailments causes more deaths than smoking (Betancourt,2016).
The basic research question of the study is “Does lifestyle of an individual have an association with diabetes?”
Background or Literature Review
Serious Medical condition According to the Diabetes Research & Wellness Foundation (DRWF) diabetes is the defect that occurs in the body’s ability to change glucose or sugar into energy. Glucose is considered to be the primary fuel of the body which is transferred from the blood into cell by insulin. When an individual suffers from the disorder his or her body is unable to produce the necessary quantity of insulin (Blackwell, 2014). The Type 1 diabetes is the case when the insulin that is produced is defective in nature since it is ineffective to move glucose to cells. The Type 2 diabetes occurs when the quantity of insulin produced is not sufficient or it is defective so it fails to move glucose into cells. Facts on Diabetes - WHO and DRWF The World Health Organization (WHO) keeps on updating on diabetes since it is a silent disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. As per 2016 statistics, the people that have diabetes have almost quadrupled since the 1980s (https://www.who.int). Different types of diabetes cause complications in the body and increase the risk of causing a premature death. As per DRWF, currently there is no cure for either types of diabetes but there are numerous ways to keep the condition under control. The Type 1 diabetes requires insulin while the Type 2 diabetes treatment depends on the level of blood sugar of an individual (Drummond, 2015).
Statistics of diabetes According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the Type 2 diabetes is responsible for about 90 to 95 percent of all the diagnosed diabetes cases in adults. It also states that 1 out of 3 individuals have pre-diabetic conditions. Certain racial and ethical groups are prone to the disease (Eldredge, 2016). One in four New Zealander is estimated to have pre-diabetes. In 2013 the highest rate of diabetes was observed in the Indian ethic section (11 %) followed by Pacific nations (9.6 %) (). Need to keep a tab on Diabetes Diabetes is a condition that can be controlled if necessary measures are followed by an individual. According to Diabetes New Zealand, an individual’s risk of having Type 2 diabetes from the pre-diabetes stage can be almost reduced to half if certain steps are taken such as losing weight, adopting a healthy diet plan, exercising daily, include medical treatment, etc (García-Moreno, 2013). Thus different sources show that diabetes is a condition that can be life threatening in certain cases and lead to further health complications if it is not effectively controlled. Since the disorder is on the rise, it is vital to keep a tab on it and understand how it causes other health conditions in the patients.(García-Moreno, 2013)
For the particular research activity a simple quantitative research design would be undertaken. Since the objective of conducting this specific research is to understand how the lifestyle of diabetic people impacts their diabetes condition this model would basically be involving a survey questionnaire that would be included in the research study so that the health condition of the target audience could be assessed and the relation of their lifestyle including exercising, outdoor activities, stress level, diet model, etc could be studied. A sample size of only 50 diabetic patients would be selected on the basis of random sampling so that thorough analysis of the selected respondents would be possible (Green, 2013). This design was selected since it was assumed that many patients would be unwilling to be part of an experiment or a quesi experimental design. Since diabetes is majorly prevalent in most of the developing nations the object of the research strengthens the overall research purpose. All the confidential aspects would be taken into account while carrying out this research activity since people generally are quite sensitive about their medical conditions (Kulzhanov, 2016)
The objective of the research study is to understand whether the lifestyle of an individual impacts the diabetes condition or not in New Zealand. A simple questionnaire technique would be followed but prior to the collection of research data, a medical assessment of the involved participants would be conducted to know the exact severity of their diabetes condition. The focus would be on key aspects that have a direct impact on the health state of a person such as physical activities, presence of other diseases such as heart conditions, etc. This would help to reveal whether regular exercising is a good decision or not for a person who is suffering from diabetes. Similarly the time for which a person performs physical activities is a vital element since it shows the physical stamina that a person has. The revelation relating to the presence of other health problems could be understood by the study model. The study would also lay emphasis on the eating patterns of an individual since the healthy eating habits play an active role to control diabetes and its consequences on an individua (McKenzie, 2016)l. The question on stress and mental state would also be covered in the specially designed questionnaire for the research since stress is one of the silent killers that cause severe health conditions such as depression, anxiety, etc. The study would show how does stress impact the diabetic patients and whether this element that relates to the mental health of an individual has on impact on diabetes or not (McKenzie, 2016). The quantitative model that would use the questionnaire would also be stressing on habits such as smoking and drinking since today majority people have such habits which have severe impact on the overall health conditions. The questionnaire would also be focusing on some of the past habits of the patients. This aspect would help to show whether any particular bad habit or condition has led caused the complicated condition in a person (Moorhead, 2014). Since diabetes is also caused due to genetic factor, the research study would also focus on this facet in order to understand whether the genetic is a strong factor that can cause diabetes in a number of generations of a family (Parsons, 2014). Thus all these aspects would be analyzed to arrive at the conclusion on how the lifestyle of a person influences or affects diabetes condition. The collected data would hel to understand the latent link between the two element (Thompson, 2013)s.
Before the initiation of the research activity, all the necessary ethical approvals would be taken since the research activity involves medical conditions of people. The ethical aspects are crucial for the study since the focus is on the human factors and their medical conditions and lifestyle (Streiner, 2015). Since medical details are considered to be confidential, a strict ethical model would be followed so that the respondents would not sense any form of insecurity. The family members of the respondents would be intimated about the particular research study (Rosen, 2015).
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