$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Population Trends And Problems Of Public Health

tag 0 Download8 Pages / 1,816 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT


Discuss about the Population Trends and Problems of Public Health.



The Saudi Arabian healthcare system consists of three main players including the government, government agencies, and private players. However, the government is the largest provider of health services across Saudi Arabia because it owns and manages most of the hospitals and dispensaries. This assignment will analyze the evolution of the healthcare in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Firstly, the paper will explore the history and evolution of the health care system. This part will focus on the progressive increase of infrastructure in the health sector, the involvement of the government and increase in the number of health professionals. Secondly, the assignment will discuss the evolution of the healthcare system policy and proposed rulings impacting the healthcare system. Finally, the paper will explore the effect of population growth on current Saudi Arabian healthcare access and efficiency.

The Saudi Arabian healthcare system has a long history and has evolved significantly over the last few decades. The healthcare system started with small clinics and limited resources (Al-Rabeeah, 2003). King Abdulaziz launched the first public health department in Mecca in 1925 to improve the health of Saudi citizens (Almalki, FitzGerald, & Clark, 2011). The health department was mandated to finance and implement free health care for the pilgrims and population by launching several dispensaries and hospitals. The establishment of this health department was a significant step in delivering curative health services to the population. However, the national revenue was inadequate to offer health care services to the entire population. As such, most Saudi citizens continued to use traditional medicines, and the prevalence of epidemic diseases remained high across the country. The healthcare system continued to evolve in the subsequent years. In 1949, there were 111 doctors and less than 100 hospital beds in Saudi Arabia. The number of doctors increased from 1172 in 1949 to 30281 in 1998. On the other hand, the number of nurses increased from 3261 in 1949 to 64790 in 1998. There were about 300 hospitals and about 1700 PHC care centers in 1998 around the Kingdom (Sebai, Milaat, & Al-Zulaibani, 2001).

In the recent past, the Saudi Arabian healthcare system has made significant achievements and is now ranked number 26 out of the best 190 healthcare systems in the world. The Saudi Arabian healthcare is ranked in a better position than Australia and Canada (World Health, 2000). The Ministry of Health (MOH) offers 60 percent of the health care services while 30 percent of the services are offered by the private players and other government agencies. Besides, the MOH has invested in infrastructure to expand the curative services in healthcare facilities around the country. The Riyadh invested 84.5 billion between 2005 and 2008 to improve health services for the citizens (Albejaidi, 2010). The MOH has also invested in medical training with the aim to increase the number of health professionals in the Kingdom. Even though the MOH is the biggest investor in the healthcare sector, the private sector has a significant market share in this sector. Currently, the MOH owns and manages approximately 244 hospitals and 2037 PHC across the Kingdom (Almalki, FitzGerald, & Clark, 2011). Other government agencies own and run about 39 hospitals with a capacity of close to 10822 beds. The private sector, which operates mainly in urban centers, own and operate about 125 hospitals and 2218 dispensaries around the country. The entry of the private hospitals in the health sector was a major boost to the Saudi Arabian health care system because the private hospitals provide some of the advanced services that are unavailable in government healthcare facilities.

The growth of the healthcare system Policy and/or proposed rulings affecting the healthcare system

Healthcare system policy emerged because of the need to standardize operations in healthcare facilities and the need for clarity in managing legal, safety and professional issues. Other issues that triggered the need for healthcare system policy are the demand for better and more accessible services. The health policies in Saudi Arabian are introduced by the government through the MOH.

The increasing demand for healthcare services led to the introduction of Council for Cooperative Health Insurance in 1999.  The function of this body is to launch, control and manage a health insurance framework for the Saudi Arabian healthcare market. According to Walston and colleagues, this Council was launched due to the high costs of new medical technology and the increasing incidence of disease in the society (Walston, Al-Harbi, & Al-Omar, 2008). The establishment of the Council for Cooperative Health Insurance has led to the introduction of different insurance policies to suit the Saudi citizens.

A royal decree in 2002 led to the introduction of the Council of Health Services (Almalki, FitzGerald, & Clark, 2011). The Council is led by the MOH and has representatives from the private health sector. This Council was established to overcome the inequalities in the provision of health services and offer cost-effective and comprehensive health care. Additionally, the government to introduce up-to-date health services in various hospitals across the nation. 

Privatization of public healthcare facilities is another factor that has impacted the health care system in Saudi Arabia. Policy makers in Saudi Arabia argue that the privatization of public hospitals is a good way to reform the health care system. The government has already initiated privatization strategy and passed the associated regulation. As such, several public healthcare facilities might be sold or leased to private players in the coming years. The government expects to accrue various benefits from the privatization of public hospitals such as fast decision-making and reduction in expenditure on health care. The MOH will also get new financial sources, and the overall health services will improve. If these benefits are achieved, more people will have access to affordable health care services at their convenience.


The focus on e-health is also affecting the Saudi Arabian health care system. Although there is underutilization of e-health applications in the Kingdom, some hospitals are increasingly using these systems. Several health organizations have implemented electronic health record information and e-health to serve their patients better. The government is also investing heavily in creating e-health systems in the public sector. For instance, the MOH had set a budget of SR 4 billion to develop e-health programs between 2008 and 2011 (Qurban & Austria, 2008).

The provision of free healthcare services is another important in policy in the Saudi Arabian health system. Saudi citizens have access to free healthcare through 2000 PHC and 420 hospitals in the country (El Bcheraoui, et al., 2015). Public sector expats are also eligible for comprehensive health care including curative, preventive and diagnostic services. Advanced health services that are available through this policy are cancer treatment, organ transplant, and cardiovascular procedures.

Impact of population growth on current Saudi Arabian healthcare access and efficiency

The population of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is growing fast, and a large percentage of the population is aged below 40 years. As of 2014, the Saudi Arabia’s population was about 26 million people with an annual growth rate of 2.2% (Yusuf, 2014). The population growth is coupled with a rise in non-communicable illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The healthcare system has to cater for the health needs of the growing population with the limited resources. For example, one study found that the prevalence of obesity among employees was 72 percent, while the prevalence of diabetes was 22 percent (Alzeidan, Rabiee, Mandil, Hersi, & Fayed, 2016). It is evident that the population growth in Saudi Arabia is affecting the access to health services for people of all ages. According to the current statistic released by MOH, there is inequality in the distribution of healthcare services in KSA. The inequality in health services across the Kingdom is attributable to the unequal distribution of resources such as health professionals and infrastructure across geographical areas. Due to high population, people face long waiting time in hospitals and those who require a special service experience long waiting list. Besides, there is a shortage of health services for the most disadvantaged individuals in the society like the senior adults, individuals with special needs like disability (Alkawai & Alowayyed, 2017). People living in rural areas, border and remote area are the most disadvantaged in the society since they lack the access to hospitals.

The population increase impacts the long-term planning of community health as well as hospitals (Perrott & Holland, 2005). Changes in age composition and alterations in population density create new problems in the healthcare system. Hence, the Saudi Arabian healthcare system is experiencing various problems due to rapid population growth. 


Conclusively, the Saudi Arabian healthcare system has advanced significantly over the last few decades. The number of the health professionals and health facilities has increased across the country. This increase can be attributed to the investment of the government in medical training and construction of new hospitals. Evidently, the government has attempted to make health services available to Saudi citizens through different approaches such as the launch comprehensive health insurance, privatization and introduction of dispensaries in remote areas. Population growth is a great challenge to the access of health services in Saudi Arabia because it increases the number of people who are seeking care. The increase in population is also coupled with the emergence and increase of noncommunicable illnesses.



Albejaidi, F. (2010). Healthcare system in Saudi Arabia: An analysis of structure, total quality management and future challenges. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences , 2 (2), 794-818.

Alkawai, F., & Alowayyed, A. (2017). Barriers in accessing care services for physically disabled in a hospital setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, cross-sectional study. Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives , 7 (2), 82-86.

Almalki, M., FitzGerald, G., & Clark, M. (2011). Health care system in Saudi Arabia: an overview/Aperçu du système de santé en Arabie saoudite. Eastern Mediterranean health journal , 17 (10), 784-793.

Al-Rabeeah, A. (2003). The history of health care in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with emphasis on pediatric surgery. Saudi medical journal , 24 (5), 9-10.

Alzeidan, R., Rabiee, F., Mandil, A., Hersi, A., & Fayed, A. (2016). Non-communicable disease risk factors among employees and their families of a Saudi university: An epidemiological study. PloS one , 11 (11), e0165036.

El Bcheraoui, C., Tuffaha, M., Daoud, F., Kravitz, H., AlMazroa, M., Al Saeedi, M., et al. (2015). Access and barriers to healthcare in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013: findings from a national multistage survey. BMJ open , 5 (6), e007801.

Perrott, G., & Holland, D. (2005). Population trends and problems of public health. The Milbank Quarterly , 84 (4), 569-608.

Qurban, M., & Austria, R. (2008). Public perception on e-health services: implications of preliminary findings of KFMMC for military hospitals in KSA. In Proceedings of the European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems , 25-26.

Sebai, Z., Milaat, W., & Al-Zulaibani, A. (2001). Health care services in Saudi Arabia: Past, present and future. Journal of family & community medicine , 8 (3), 19-23.

Walston, S., Al-Harbi, Y., & Al-Omar, B. (2008). The changing face of healthcare in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine , 28, 243–250.

World Health. (2000). The world health report 2000 – Health systems: improving performance. Geneva: Word Health Organization.

Yusuf, N. (2014). Private and public healthcare in Saudi Arabia: future challenges. International Journal of Business and Economic Development , 2 (1), 114-118.


Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Population Trends And Problems Of Public Health. Retrieved from

"Population Trends And Problems Of Public Health." My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Population Trends And Problems Of Public Health [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 01 June 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Population Trends And Problems Of Public Health' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <> accessed 01 June 2020.

My Assignment Help. Population Trends And Problems Of Public Health [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 01 June 2020]. Available from:

At, we are committed to deliver quality assignment assistance in the fastest way possible. To make our service delivery fast, we have hired subject matter experts to work on different subject specific assignments. We have hired experts who owe in-depth knowledge in their respective subjects. As per their expertise, they provide geography assignment help, Physics assignment help, Strategic assignment help, history assignment help, art architecture assignment help and assistance with other subjects as well.

Latest Management Samples

BSBPMG514 Manage Project Cost

Download : 0 | Pages : 10
  • Course Code: BSBFIM501 & BSBPMG514
  • University: Danford College
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Project scope and WBS In order to upgrade the archive website of the company, the project manager is required to develop a project budgetary plan. It is the responsibility of the project manager to complete the project within the estimated budget and allotted time. Budget variance is referred to as the difference between budget and baseline amount of the revenue, expense and the actual amount. In order to upgrade the website, differen...

Read More arrow

VOMP3003 Synthesis Of Acetylsalicylic Acid For Percentage Yield

Download : 0 | Pages : 9
  • Course Code: VOMP3003
  • University: Dublin Institute Of Technology
  • Country: Ireland

Introduction This experiment involves production of aspirin. The major reactants which were used in the experiment include salicylic acid HC7H5O3, and C4H6O3. The reactants reacted in order to produce acetylsalicylic acid or simply aspirin HC9H7O4 and ethanol acid CH3CHOOH. Asprin has several uses such as an analgesic or painkiller, as an anti-pyretic or fever reducer and as thinning of the blood. Balanced equation HC7H5O3 + C4H6O3&nb...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Melbourne Management Intro. Economic data analysis University of Melbourne 

CHCDIV002 Promote Aboriginal And/Or Torres Strait Islander Cultural Safety

Download : 0 | Pages : 8
  • Course Code: CHCDIV002
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Assessment instructions Prior to commencing the assessments, your trainer/assessor will explain each assessment task and the terms and conditions relating to the submission of your assessment task. Please consult with your trainer/assessor if you are unsure of any questions. It is important that you understand and adhere to the terms and conditions, and address fully each assessment task. If any assessment task is not fully addressed,...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Kambah Management University of New South Wales 

K23041 Building Surveying 2

Download : 0 | Pages : 13
  • Course Code: K23041
  • University: De Montfort University
  • Country: United Kingdom

Answer: Introduction BREEAM (Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method) , this is  the global's primary manageability ranking tool that has resulted primarily to the focus on maintainability in construction strategies, growth and operation. BREEAM currently, is the collective standard which is confidentially adjusted, controlled and linked over a structure of the comprehensive superintendents, appraisers and produ...

Read More arrow

HI5017 Managerial Accounting For Safety And Industrial Products

Download : 0 | Pages : 10
  • Course Code: HI5017
  • University: Holmes Institute
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction:  This report is prepared from the viewpoint of a consultant for dissecting the efficacy of Time-Driven Activity-Based Costing System (TDABC) in organisations. The consultant is employed recently in a consultancy firm, which has a main client, Wesfarmers Limited. It is one of the leading retail companies in Australia competing with Woolworths Limited in the market. The initial part of the report lays stress on descri...

Read More arrow

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

184 Order Completed

96% Response Time

Arapera Billing

Masters in Management, MMgt

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2279 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Zachary Perez

PhD in Computer Science and Information System

Washington, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

285 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Eugene Baranowski

MBA in Supply Chain

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2109 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emma Zhong

Ph.D in Project Management with Specialization in Project Communications Management

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

The graph plot was excellent and my course coordinator was happy with it and got it with full marks! Would recommend if someone need help in such way.


User Id: 81161 - 01 Jun 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

The expert really did a great job on this discussion question. The professor made remarkable comments. A perfect score was received. Job well-done.


User Id: 330660 - 01 Jun 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Assignment was really good, I like the way everything was mentioned clearly as I wanted in my assignment, over all I am satisfied,


User Id: 288269 - 01 Jun 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Very nice job done by My assignment help. Very satisfying with the timely content they have provided.


User Id: 315673 - 01 Jun 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?