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Positive Theory Of Social Entrepreneurship

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Discuss About The Positive Theory Of Social Entrepreneurship?




Organizations often tend to get involved in questionable business management practices that affect the functioning and adversely affect the image of the organization. These questionable management practices involve unethical practices like infringement of labor laws and corruption.

FIFA and its questionable practices have been taken as the case study. FIFA has consistently been involved in controversies that have raised questions around the word about its management and decision making (McCrory et al. 2013, pp.250-258). Here the controversy raised by the decision made by FIFA regarding the shift in the schedule of the World Cup 2022 from summer to winter has been discussed.

Analysis of questionable practices of various organizations

FIFA is one of the most renowned organizations in the world. FIFA is the governing body that controls all the activities related with football. As Gupta (2012) mentioned that, due to the popularity of the sports and high busing power, the organization has high influence over the rest of the world. However, the amount of corruption is increasing rapidly inside the management of this organization. Many authors already have written about rampart corruption in inside the company. They also criticized about some of the policies developed by the company FIFA.  According to the institutional theory a company needs to focus on resilient aspects of social culture (Pielke 2013, pp.255-267). There are some controversies of the company have been mentioned below:

Qatar 2022:    

FIFA has planned to organize its world cup competition in Qatar in the year of 2022. However, in the time of summer the temperature of the country goes beyond 122 degrees (Santos 2012, pp.335-351). Hence, FIFA has shifted the world cup at the time of winter.  It causes some major schedule clashes. In addition, the small country still does not have the infrastructure to organize the event appropriately (Peters 2011). 

Labor disputes:

Labor problems are not new in FIFA world cup operations. During the world cup in South Africa , workers had to work 18 hours daily for merely 190 rand (Singh 2012, pp.90-100). There are more than fifteen Nepalese workers died during the development of a playground construction project of FIFA in Qatar (Mitra 2015, p.3-5). An investigation has been done by BBC and found that all the migrant workers working for the company are living in a poor condition under a very small payment (Peters 2011). The company needs to develop labor policies with the help of bureaucracy. As Vayanos & Woolley (2013, pp.1087-1145) stated that bureaucracy is an organization of non-selective government officials that help organizations to develop separate policies for them. 


Financial controversies and mismanagement:

As Ikafe (2012) mentioned that FIFA is self-controlled organizational body who has its own policies and organizational practices. The company is accused for violating human rights. There are some allegations have been raised against the company FIFA against various financial irregularities. The conflict of interest between various peoples within the organization can be identified with the help of Agency Theory (Longhofer 2014, pp.147-150). For example, Mohammad bin Hammam, who was running to be the president of FIFA resigned after a serious allegation rose against him. He was accused to bribe various member of FIFA to secure the bid of Quatar for 2022 World Cup. According to organizational theories the company has violated the ethical and moral dimensions of employees. They have violated the principles of ethical behavior. For, example Sepp Blatter had given a controversial comment for Women’s soccer. He said that women’s soccer can be more popular if they wear tight dresses (McCrory et al. 2013, pp.250-258). This comment indicated total disrespect towards women. This is a clear violation of human rights. 

Recommendation for improvement

The system working with the FIFA has to be altered to facilitate the association to fix the problems from its core. The system needs to incorporate check and balances to improve its decision making process for the association is stuck in neck deep puddles of corruption (Gupta 2012). FIFA needs to reorganize the set up of the association to fight back the extreme corrupt practices that are rampant within the association. The association should come up with an internal auditing body that would be responsible for curbing the corrupt practices by the higher up executives of the board and the other executives. The internal board should be empowered to take stringent decision against executes that would imprint a sense of fear among the executives that are involve in the unethical practices.

FIFA needs to concentrate on the fact that ignorance is not always bliss. There have been serious issues identified regarding the wrong decisions made by the referees during the games and the decision to stop playing replays to avoid further controversy is a bad decision and FIFA needs to rectify it. To rectify this issue, FIFA needs to incorporate modern and high end technology to monitor the games and help the referees to take justifiable decisions in future.

FIFA was involved with some labor dispute in the past. FIFA needs to monitor the implement the labor laws of the different countries that are organizing the games. Large amount of labor are required to build the infrastructure that are required for organizing the games and it has been noticed that there have been irregularities in following the labor laws of the respective countries. FIFA needs to set up bodies that would specifically concentrate to monitor that he countries are abiding the labor laws to avoid any further controversies.


The questionable management practices are responsible for heavily damaging the image of the association and have compelled soccer lovers to ponder upon the fact whether the love for the game is bigger than justice. FIFA needs to implement these recommendations to reinstating their image and build a positive environment for the association among the soccer lovers. These recommendations are to be implemented with extreme caution and precision. FIFA needs to fight back and eradicate the drawbacks of the present system that operates the functioning of the association which would help the association to make up for the disheartening of the soccer lovers.


Reference list

Gupta, A., 2012. Red tape: Bureaucracy, structural violence, and poverty in India. Duke University Press.

Ikafe, J., 2012. Human rights and social work: Towards rights-based practice. Cambridge University Press.

Longhofer, S., 2014. Contracting Away Sovereignty: The Case of Brazil, FIFA, and the Agreement for the Right to Host the 2014 World Cup.Transnat'l L. & Contemp. Probs., 23, pp.147-150.

McCrory, P., Meeuwisse, W.H., Aubry, M., Cantu, B., Dvo?ák, J., Echemendia, R.J., Engebretsen, L., Johnston, K., Kutcher, J.S., Raftery, M. & Sills, A., 2013. Consensus statement on concussion in sport: the 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012. British journal of sports, 47(5), pp.250-258.

Mitra, A., 2015. Ethical Analysis of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, An.Law & Bus. Rev. accounting.., 21, p.3-5.

Peters, B.G., 2011. Institutional theory in political science: the new institutionalism. Bloomsbury Publishing USA.

Pielke, R., 2013. How can FIFA be held accountable?. Sport management review, 16(3), pp.255-267.

Santos, F.M., 2012. A positive theory of social entrepreneurship. Journal of business ethics, 111(3), pp.335-351.

Singh, H., 2012. In Search of a Level Playing Field: Rules, Morals and the Jurisprudence of Sport. International Journal of Sport & Society, 3(1), pp.90-100.

Vayanos, D. & Woolley, P., 2013. An institutional theory of momentum and reversal. Review of Financial Studies, 26(5), pp.1087-1145.


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