Discuss about the Principles And Values Of Health Promotion.
The articles builds from the background that health promotion (HP) has found itself in a growingly compounded world and that providers must understand and respond to the manifold interlinked health determinants which class for the ability to plan, implement as well as evaluate programs of health promotion that are increasingly compounded and multifaceted in the modern health promotion. 4 The main issue address in the article is the contemporary practice of health-promotion that requires to react to the compounded issues of health which have a range of interconnected determinants. To achieve, the authors hold acknowledges the need for effective comprehension of the principles alongside values of health-promotion.
The methodology used in this paper was a literature review that helped the authors to explore both principles and values evident in the present health promotion practice and theory. The results of the study unearthed a vast array of principles and values as being essential and integral to the contemporary health promotion practice and theory. Albeit, there were certain commonalities crossways the values and principles list, the authors never acknowledged standardized, authoritative set of principles together with values accepted as fundamental as well as applicability to the contemporary health-promotion. 4
The authors recognized a range of principles and values apparent in the contemporary practice of HP from the ones connected with ecological, holistic, salutogenic HP to such more in line with conservative HP. The authors concluded by acknowledging the essence of a system of principles and values dependable with the contemporary HP which allows healthcare providers to incorporate/integrate purposefully such principles and values into comprehension of health and assessment of needs, planning, implementation as well as evaluation practice. 3
The paper appreciated the significance of exploring the values and principles to health promotion. The exploration followed the various attempts already made in describing the dominant HP principles alongside values. The article not only highlighted a big list of values and principles of health promotion but also acknowledged various challenges linked to the utilization of these principles and values in health promotion practice.
The principles and values evident in HP practice are manifestation of the discrepancy between principles and values of contemporary HP and the ones showcased in conventional HP. The researchers highlighted the essence principles and values system which aligns to contemporary HP which allows the health providers to integrate purposefully such identified values and principles into their comprehension of health and respective needs assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation practice.
The main strength of the articles lies within its effective critical review of the literature for effective exploration of the principles and values palpable in the contemporary HP practice and theory. This enabled the researchers to review credible articles that informed valid results of a huge list of these principles and values. Also, it was effective since the authors not only identified such values but went a notch higher to recognize and explain the four main challenges linked to working explicitly and proactively with principles and values. These challenges included lack of consensus regarding the core principles and values of health promotion; absence of particular guidance on the application of principles and values; existence of different interpretation regarding the principles and values utilization in health promotion practice; and existence of disparity between espoused principles and values of contemporary health promotion and increasingly conventional health promotion practice. Highlighting these challenges was effective to inform the future research on how best they can be mitigated to ensure effective application of values and principles in modern health promotion. 1 The limitation of the study is that the only secondary sources were used to gather the data and hence there is a possibility of carrying forward the errors made by previous authors into the current study.
- Birley M. Health impact assessment: principles and practice. Routledge; 2013 Oct 18.
- Carter et al. Evidence, ethics, and values: a framework for health promotion. American journal of public health. 2011 Mar; 101(3):465-72.
- Fertman CI, Allensworth DD. Health promotion programs: from theory to practice. John Wiley & Sons; 2016 Nov 7.
- Gregg J, O'Hara L. Values and principles evident in current health promotion practice. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2007; 18(1):7-11.