Wildlife conservation Essay has been a practice that aims in protecting differentiated wildlife species and their habitats. This practice is conducted in order to reduce the major threats that have been imposed on the species. The basic threats that are warning the wildlife conservation process includes destruction, degradation, fragmentation, overexploitation, climate changes, pollution and manmade causes like hunting and poaching. This essay will discuss about the threats that are present in wildlife. This essay will also discuss about the species that are getting extinct. This essay will discuss about the involvement of government in the process of wildlife conservation. Even discussion regarding the non-governmental organization in the conservation process is also well stated in this essay. Proper discussion regarding the biggest conservation centers present in the globe will also be performed. Discussion regarding the benefits of wild life conservation is also performed in this process.
Habitat destruction has been a prime reason that has been affecting the wildlife maintenance process. Habitat destruction is directly proportionate to the loss of diversity. With increase in habitat destruction, it gets obvious that diversity of wildlife gets affected in a similar drastic manner. Habitat fragmentation has been the cause of continuous tract of the habitat. Due to this fragmentation process the large population of wildlife population has been getting diversified and hence wise species extinction and declines have been the cause. Deforestation and agricultural expansion has been a major instance that has been affecting this habitat destruction in a huge manner. Urbanization has also imposed a negative impact on the process. Due to the fragmentation process smaller population is supported and hence they are more likely to get extinct.
Overexploitation indicates the fact that the plants and animals are getting used in a rate that is much higher than the rate of recovery. This section is applicable for the mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and all other streams. This ensures that the count of species has been getting decreased. This leads to extinction of the certain disease that is getting exploited. The major concern of this case is that if over exploitation issue gets to a higher extent, then it will get difficult to save the species. For example it can be stated that due to over fishing in the top marine diversity tuna fish has reduced in size and in number. Same goes for Salomon fish. Due to over fishing, Salomon extinction is being noticed.
Poaching and hunting
Poaching and hunting has been a major threat to the wild life animals. It is seen that economically precious animals are targeted for performing business. Business making has been the major reason of poaching. Food, skin, ivory are the major aspect for which the poaching is committed. Protecting the animals from poachers have been the goal of the government of each and every country. Despite this try of the government, poaching is being conducted in an illegal manner. Large mammals like elephants have been the target of the poaching process. This induces the fact that ivory has been an expensive good due to which the poaching system is conducted. Horns of rhinoceros has been the main reason behind their poaching. Goods made of ivory is transported and exported at a very high price. Skin of tiger have been the major reason of their poaching. Trading of tuskin and skin has been the major reason of poaching. These are the most common targets of poaching, but few plants and birds are also poached which are kept in reserve now for protecting them from getting extinct. Another aspect that is to be considered in this process is that in the trading process, more the species is extinct, more is the trading value. This makes the poacher target the creatures that are in the verge of extinction.
Climate change has also been a major reason in the extinction of species. Due to the climate change the main aspect that is to be considered is that the animals that are not prone to the heat has to stay in heat and the animals that are not prone to the cold weather needs to adapt themselves. However it gets difficult for several species to survive in those conditions and hence they tend to extinct.
Processes of wild life conservation
North American model is generally followed in the processing of the wild life conservation process. With the help of this model the main aspect that is considered in this case is that proper protection of wild life protection process is initiated with the recovery process. In this case the main aspect that is considered is that restoring process is needed to be continued until the count of the animal is out of danger. Collaboration is done with the local tribes for better understanding of the issues that are present and are the reasons for decreasing of the counts of the animals. After the tribal people or the local people helps in better description of the problem, proper steps can be taken for mitigating the issues that are present. In this case the local people also helps in the conservation process and restoration process is maintained in a successful manner. Unique campaigns and initiatives are taken for shining a spotlight on the species that are currently being worked on. Even small species like butterflies has their own program for conservation. These conservation programs are highly customized for each and every spices. No 2 spices can be conserved in a similar manner
Performing grass root programs have also been benefitting the wild life conservation process. In this section the major aspect that is to be considered is that restoration process is conducted in neighborhood and in different parts of towns and cities. These kind of programs have been improving the knowledge regarding the conservation among the common people. With the help of this educative system each and every individual can play their small parts in the conservation process. Initiatives regarding opening of wild life gardens have been getting imposed. This ensures that not only the entire process is responsible for educating the common people but also brings them closer to wild life.
Protecting endangered spices:
There is not much a common people can do for performing wild life conservation. The main reason that common people is not spending their time with the wild life spices, hence wise it gets difficult for them to understand the animals who are endangered. Due to this aspect the main concern that is taken into consideration is that proper education is required for all the members of the family.it is important to know which are the animal spices that are in danger. This will help them to take measures to protect the spices. Engaging with conservation community ensures that they will be accustomed with the steps that are required to be implemented for the conservation process and hence wise they can take the steps. Reducing demands for illegal goods will also result in lesser poaching and hence conservation process gets easier. In this case another aspect that is to be considered is that with decrease in demand of the goods that are produced from animal skin and other body parts of the animals, the poachers will not feel the need of poaching and hence wise poaching will reduce. Again if the need of the goods that are gathered from wild life increases, the conservation process gets difficult as poaching will be increasing in a constant rate.
Creation of natural parks and wild life sanctuaries are also acting as a major process of performing wild life conservation. This reason of developing natural parks are because despite being in the artificial set up they get a natural essence of their livelihood. This process also helps in proper conservation. Again as per the creation of wild life sanctuary the habitats are provided with their natural lifestyle and they do not even allow interference of human beings for proper protection of the animals. Hence more and more creation of natural parks and wild life sanctuaries as per the specific spices conservation system, the entire process of wild life conservation will be getting benefitted.
From the above discussion it can be stated that wild life conservation has been acting as a major requirement that the world must acknowledge as there has been several issues that are arising due to the extinction of specific spices of animals. The food chain is getting affected in a drastic manner. This also ensures that the food chain getting affected will also affect the sustainability of the wild life. Hence creation of natural parks and wild life sanctuaries are considered as an important step for wild life conservation. Another aspect that is to be considered is that providing proper education to the localities regarding the spices that is facing extinction in the areas will help in protecting them. This will help in performing proper wild life conservation process. Lastly it is to be said that wild life conservation is in a stage that will be affecting the entire globe including the lifestyle of mankind, if not taken seriously.