Discuss about the Critique On Professional Aspects Of Registered Nurses.
There are various approaches made to increase consumers’ participation in the health care systems. The consumers are defined as the people who do avail the services provided within the scope of the installed infrastructure and policies of a health sector enterprise with investment of their valued resources. The most effective method to increase the participation extent on the part of the consumers is through educating them via training and learning sessions (Goldsmith & Piscopo, 2014). Training, education and learning are three intermingling areas that overlap each other in delivering complete effectiveness. The term teaching incites different perceptions among different people. The term teachers poses a picture of an authoritative individual beaming in the glory of knowledge to some while some do recall an elegant experience of having company of an enigmatic individual. The term training is more goals oriented and emphasizes on learning of particular set of skills which have direct implementation in applications. Education is the achievement of these combined processes which enables an individual to upgrade his or her perspective to perceive a particular topic and deal with it accordingly (Wilson, 2014).
Effective education and training can help in increasing the participation by the consumers. This endeavor generates the prospect of adults to be a learner and use some key aspects of this learning in decision making regarding their own health care ventures. This education model is scientific and authentic which therefore has obtained it a model name called Mindmap for Education Learning and Training Model (Pudelko et al., 2012). It reveals various facets of effective training and education programs in ascertaining increased participation by consumers in health sector. The model gives a consent that collaborative learning environment among adult patients and families is challenging and comparatively new in health care domain and can be encouraged upon seeing the fruitful result of such educating process. This model also gives an insight in the balancing of power and freedom on the part of the parties taking part in health care services. Consumer participation can be increased through proper grievance and riddles addressal. This increases the willingness and trust factor of the consumers to be involved with the concerned organization to serve their individualistic interests. Organizations need to implement surveys; acceptance mechanism of feedbacks; meeting consumer complaints with priority and addressing freedom of information requests (Savage & Hyde, 2014). Consumer feedbacks can also be introduced in developing the information resources and strategies to communicate with patient parties, families and assistance seekers (Oliver et al., 2014).
I can increase the participation of the consumer in making the treatment plan upon informing the patient with relevant information relating to his or her condition and thereby asking his or her opinion and suitability in accordance with the proposed treatment plan. The implementation process may require educating and making patient aware about merits and demerits of each step in the treatment regime and thereby encourage in participating following the course of the treatment accurately. The evaluation process may include inclusion of more specific information about the sickness in diagnosis from patient’s end and empowering patient with the information of available diagnostic and curative or preventive methods.
National Safety and Quality Health Service Standard
There are ten standards all total present within the scope of National Safety and Quality Health Service. These standards include governing of quality and safety in organizations working in health sector; making partnership with patients, prevention and regulation of infections among patients; safety in terms of medication; identification of patients and ordaining treatment procedure; clinical handover; guidelines pertaining to blood transfusion; management of pressure wounds; addressing acute health conditions and prevention of additional injuries like falling down among elderly patients (Safetyandquality.gov.au, 2017). The pertinent guideline that is to be delved in within the scope of this text is the norm dealing with the prevention and regulation of infections among patients. There are several outcomes related to it if the best practice is not met. The possible outcomes include aggravation of the present condition of the patient; further onset of secondary opportunistic infection by opportunistic pathogens; complication of symptoms; generation of need of different diagnostic procedure and associated treatment plan and in extreme cases the patient might die due to lack in meeting this standard. Infection causing organisms do evolve with passing time span and this poses a great challenge to infection prevention and treatment (Hossain et al., 2013).
The gram negative organisms change their o-side chains in order to be viable as infectious agents. The organisms get resistant to most prevalent antibiotics due to over exposure to them. These organisms may include Methicillin resistant Staphyllococcus aureus and Vancomycin resistant enterococci (Gruenheid & Moual, 2012). There will be patients in close proximity in Australian settings of health care and these patients might undergo operative procedures. Some patients might get administered medicine with attached set up of infrastructure and some might get immunosuppressive medicine or broad spectrum of antibiotics. These situations describe the significance in maintaining awareness regarding infections and their pervasive prevalence in Australian health care system. Each year many patients get diagnosed with nosocomial infections and other hospital ward infections in Australia and some of these infections require more powerful medication along with complication of pre-existing conditions. The asserted steps in regulating infections include infection assessment and prevention strategies, managing patients with infection, antimicrobial stewardship, disinfection and sterilization procedure and communication with patient (Runciman et al., 2012).
I as a nurse can be more cautious during sterilization procedure of hospital instrument via processes like autoclaving, ethylene oxide administration or ethanol washing to avert infections of patients. I can therefore plan a suitable antimicrobial care procedure in collaboration with physician to alleviate the burden of infection on the patient after analyzing the vital signs of the patient.
Inventory on Leadership traits among Nurses:
Leadership qualities among nurses can be a helpful tool to empower health care services. Their leadership role examples can be found in government organizations distributed among array of levels including participation in steering committees (Doody & Doody, 2012). These roles can impart tremendous experience and understanding of changing demands of health care system. Nurses have a clear view of how political, social and economical factors shape the health care world and the respective needs of the consumers coming from varying background in terms of cultural aspect and ethnic backdrop of individuals in Australia. Their professional role also enables them to have an insight in the effectiveness of various services being provided by several health care service providers groups. Registered nurses do develop a strong aptitude to identify the possible challenges and enablers in making a particular care giving system effective and efficient in Australian health community (Hutchinson & Jackson, 2013).
Hence, nurse leaders are approached not only to ponder on the nursing activities within the organizations but they are usually asked to give their consideration on achieving suitable patient care that would be the ultimate goal of any patient care facility. Nurse leaders play crucial roles in many areas of leadership and whistle blowing initiatives that include patient centered value driven care system and clinical perspective to add to the national database about the strategic direction and progress of indigenous health sector (Brunetto et al., 2013). Leaders after achieving this level are expected to understand the necessary changes that will be required to put a reform into work. Nurses do play an important role at this level of leadership in shaping the overall strategies of the entire organization as well as they provide their professional clinical support on the daily basis. The instances of registered nurse leadership are most prevalent in organizations where formal structuring is well maintained and in these organizations nurses are rendered executive roles as well. They are usually offered designations like chief nursing officers or directors of nursing facilities. The critical analysis suggests that nurse leaders being equipped with relevant clinical knowledge and management skills play one of the major roles in structuring the quality service to be rendered and the business opportunity as well as humanitarian aspect of the health care organizations (Dignam et al., 2012).
I do highlight on the strategies of management of patients’ grievances and proper resolution of the riddle in order to make the treatment experience better for the patient. The strategy to achieve this goal includes taking proper feedback from the patient using a preordained indent of query statements in survey forms. The authenticities of these feedbacks are to be checked and the necessary actions are to be taken up wherever felt necessary. Suitable assessment and evaluation processes should be present there to ascertain the impact of these corrective steps on the overall growth of the organization.
Learning Culture and Professional Development:
There have been various researches in past decades about incorporating learning prospects in working field while working in firsthand experience in health care sector. This enables the worker to gather different social and professional experiences pertaining to the ordained task in the respective designation (Taylor & Cranton, 2012). The learning and participation in the work are to be viewed as reciprocal and complementary processes to each other in order to generate quality work force within the organization. The notion of relational dependence in between the decision calls made in the professional work and the conventional practice in the sector is of prime importance in this regard as room for improvisation is left here which can be best possibly devised upon possessing good professional learning outcomes. A good practice can be therefore further included in conventional approaches. Work place learning is usually termed as informal process as it comes as a byproduct of the imparting service process. This individualistic learning approach requires confidence and belief and depends on the willingness and earnestness of concerned individual regarding his or her workplace responsibilities. This is especially applicable in regard of the challenging professional fields like that of registered nurses in Australia. The agenda of work place activities and associated learning can be well addressed via well structured curriculum in this scenario as per some schools of thoughts (Adamson & Dewar, 2015).
This curriculum will provide direct and indirect support to nurses in learning activities while working in health care sectors concising their approach making it more goals oriented. The work place administration should encourage in activities which increase both the theoretical and practical knowledge of the registered nurses. There are three aspects associated with the work culture that encourages work place learning. These angles include participation in community work; engagement in interpersonal relationship and access to important knowledge resources. Discrepancies in abilities among the nurses show that nurses acquire more learning objectives and favorable outcomes upon being assigned to particular critical job assignments which have scopes to learn. This in turn imposes an effect on the development and growth of nurse individuals as a professional and in humanitarian values (Zuber-Skerritt & Teare, 2013).
I would preferably design strategies to understand how lack of clinical knowledge and cultural disposition affect treatment care and the ways to overcome these barriers. I would emphasize on workplace learning of various cultural considerations of the patients and their predispositions to certain beliefs. How these beliefs can be assimilated with the perspectives of the ordained treatment plan would be my major goal in dealing with the patient. I would like to educate patient more on the clinical condition and possible resolving process. This prime knowledge not only makes the experience of the patient in availing a health care system better but also enables the patient to actively take part in the treatment procedure upon highlighting on critical steps in the treatment plan as per his or her considerations.
Role ambiguity and stress on registered nurses:
Nurses do undergo various instances of role ambiguities during their service period in medical support giving centers and these scenarios produce potential stress factors to them. This particular phenomenon is more perceived in situations where nurses get promoted to case manager designation from normal nursing phase. Four major areas associated with it come in to focus in this regard. These areas include professional image, interpersonal relationship, time bound service and business perspective of the organization. The interpersonal relationships in this regard with respect to patients and as well as intra and inter department relationships among professionals play a major role in the service. The conflict arises while working in this domain is the coercion in between the business policy of the concerned organization and the basic need of the patient being prominent after a detailed conversation. This in turn can pose stress factors reducing professional satisfaction and self confidence (Lu et al., 2012).
The conflict becomes more severe in cases when a nurse has been promoted as a case manager without proper prior training. The concerned individual in this situation does not become aware of the plausible job responsibilities and hence the inner dilemmas get increased. This ethical issue in choosing between interests of the employer and consumer becomes more cumbersome in situations where euthanasia is in question or has been approached. They need to be given appropriate inputs on balancing in case management, chalking out viable options, identifying vulnerable individuals and sense of responsibility without sense of authority. There can be various approaches that might deal with workplace stresses of registered nurses. Stress is usually considered as a physical response which begets from psychological strain of some manner. Small amount of stress is useful and beneficial in some contexts while major sources of stress can do havoc in one’s life. It also plays an important role in elevating and decreasing the motivational level among individuals (Happell et al., 2013).
I would personally prefer to implement two stress buster processes as a solution to the work place stress due to some operational dilemma among registered nurses. One method is keeping a personal notebook and noting down all occupational conflicts or controversial points and concerned development along with personal perspective regarding that. This is a methodical approach and by doing this the consistent revolving pattern of stressful thoughts gets blocked. Another approach to reduce workplace stress is to keep the moral conscience at the balanced level. One registered nurse has to keep in mind always that the service being provided is always from a professional point of views and not personal. Thus some critical aspects of moral inclination and decision making dangling between patient interest and institutional policies subject to analysis can be exempted in regard of a registered nurses’ job role when the balancing factor and organizational regulations come into picture.
Adamson, E., & Dewar, B. (2015). Compassionate Care: Student nurses' learning through reflection and the use of story. Nurse education in practice, 15(3), 155-161. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1471595314001164
Brunetto, Y., Xerri, M., Shriberg, A., Farr?Wharton, R., Shacklock, K., Newman, S., & Dienger, J. (2013). The impact of workplace relationships on engagement, well?being, commitment and turnover for nurses in Australia and the USA. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(12), 2786-2799. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jan.12165/full
Dignam, D., Duffield, C., Stasa, H., Gray, J., Jackson, D., & Daly, J. (2012). Management and leadership in nursing: an Australian educational perspective. Journal of nursing management, 20(1), 65-71. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01340.x/full
Doody, O., & Doody, C. M. (2012). Transformational leadership in nursing practice. https://ulir.ul.ie/handle/10344/2782
Goldsmith, E. B., & Piscopo, S. (2014). Advances in consumer education: European initiatives. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 38(1), 52-61. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ijcs.12063/full
Gruenheid, S., & Moual, H. (2012). Resistance to antimicrobial peptides in Gram?negative bacteria. FEMS microbiology letters, 330(2), 81-89. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2012.02528.x/full
Happell, B., Dwyer, T., Reid?Searl, K., Burke, K. J., Caperchione, C. M., & Gaskin, C. J. (2013). Nurses and stress: recognizing causes and seeking solutions. Journal of nursing management, 21(4), 638-647. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jonm.12037/full
Hossain, M. S., Rahman, N. N. N. A., Balakrishnan, V., Puvanesuaran, V. R., Sarker, M. Z. I., & Kadir, M. O. A. (2013). Infectious risk assessment of unsafe handling practices and management of clinical solid waste. International journal of environmental research and public health, 10(2), 556-567. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/10/2/556/htm
Hutchinson, M., & Jackson, D. (2013). Transformational leadership in nursing: towards a more critical interpretation. Nursing inquiry, 20(1), 11-22. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nin.12006/full
Lu, H., Barriball, K. L., Zhang, X., & While, A. E. (2012). Job satisfaction among hospital nurses revisited: a systematic review. International journal of nursing studies, 49(8), 1017-1038. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020748911004536
Oliver, K., Innvar, S., Lorenc, T., Woodman, J., & Thomas, J. (2014). A systematic review of barriers to and facilitators of the use of evidence by policymakers. BMC health services research, 14(1), 2. https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-14-2
Pudelko, B., Young, M., Vincent?Lamarre, P., & Charlin, B. (2012). Mapping as a learning strategy in health professions education: a critical analysis. Medical education, 46(12), 1215-1225. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/medu.12032/full
Runciman, W. B., Hunt, T. D., Hannaford, N. A., Hibbert, P. D., Westbrook, J. I., Coiera, E. W., ... & Braithwaite, J. (2012). CareTrack: assessing the appropriateness of health care delivery in Australia. The Medical Journal of Australia, 197(2), 100-105. https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2012/197/2/caretrack-assessing-appropriateness-health-care-delivery-australia?0=ip_login_no_cache%3Ddf4fbb8c07b4fb75247f37de7be8a216
Safetyandquality.gov.au. (2017). Retrieved 11 September 2017, from https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/NSQHS-Standards-Sept-2012.pdf
Savage, A., & Hyde, R. (2014). Using freedom of information requests to facilitate research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 17(3), 303-317. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13645579.2012.742280
Taylor, E. W., & Cranton, P. (2012). The handbook of transformative learning: Theory, research, and practice. John Wiley & Sons. Edition: March 13, 2012. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=AyT2UTqOPBYC&oi=fnd&pg=PT8&dq=Taylor,+E.+W.,+%26+Cranton,+P.+(2012).+The+handbook+of+transformative+learning:+Theory,+research,+and+practice.+John+Wiley+%26+Sons.&ots=oNq9pFKPJl&sig=lieCO9oY1GrI58bJpQqn92Q4IFw#v=onepage&q=Taylor%2C%20E.%20W.%2C%20%26%20Cranton%2C%20P.%20(2012).%20The%20handbook%20of%20transformative%20learning%3A%20Theory%2C%20research%2C%20and%20practice.%20John%20Wiley%20%26%20Sons.&f=false
Wilson, J. P. (2014). International human resource development: Learning, education and training for individuals and organisations. Development and Learning in Organizations, 28(2). https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/DLO-02-2014-0010
Zuber-Skerritt, O., & Teare, R. (Eds.). (2013). Lifelong action learning for community development: Learning and development for a better world. Springer Science & Business Media. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-6209-389-8_1