$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Professional Practice And Cultural Safety

tag 0 Download11 Pages / 2,637 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT


Discuss about the Professional Practice and Cultural Safety.




Diabetes is a complicated chronic illness that requires continuous critical medical attention and care .Some of the intervention strategies for diabetic patients revolve around a series of multi-factorial awareness and risk education strategies that extend beyond just glucose control. According to American Diabetes Association: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2017, ongoing patient self-management and other additional care, support and education are very critical in prevention of the risks of acute complications associated with diabetes and reduction of occurrence of other long-term complications.  These elements therefore highlight the need and the critical significance of person-centered care for diabetic patients. The world Health organization recognizes that this approach of person-centered care system is a remarkable concept through which provision of care and management services can be extended to incorporate not only the health and wellbeing of an individual but also that of the entire family (Sperry, 2010).   This paper therefore discusses diabetes as one of the major health concern and priority for Australian government and the healthcare system and the implications of person-centered healthcare practices and principles in relation to Australian healthcare principles and their impact on diabetic patients and families with diabetic patients.


According to the Australian Government and the Australian institute of health and welfare, 1 in every 17 Australian adults; approximately 1.2 million people had diabetes in in 2014-2015. Further analysis  reveals that  there were approximately one million hospitalizations  associated with diabetes diagnosis and that 1 in every 10 Australian deaths had diabetes as an underlying  or associated cause of death. The Australian national health survey statistics indicate that the rate of diabetes tends to increase with age. The highest prevalence rates for diabetes recorded were from People who are 85 years and over. Men reported slightly higher rates of diabetes than women. According to the survey, prevalence rates for diabetes are twice in indigenous (Aboriginal and the strait islands people) compared to non-indigenous Australians (AIWH 2016). There are various elements that influence these statistical outcomes and the disparities in prevalence rates. Some of these elements include social, economic and political forces that impact either positively or negatively, the lives of diabetes patients and their respective families (Borus, 2013).

According to Adler & Newman, social and economic status underlines the significant determinants of health that is, HealthCare quality, environmental behavior, and health behavior. Therefore Socio-economic status whether assessed by determining the level of income, occupation or education, is directly is directly linked to diabetes which is one of the outlining health complications in Australia. This implies that disparities in levels of income, as well as education, have had a compounding effect on the development, diagnosis, and management of diabetes for the low-income earners in Australia (Abouzeid, Philpot, Janus, Coates, & Dunbar, 2013). The surveys were done by the Australian bureau of statistics, diabetes prevalence rate is almost 3 times in high in the lower social, economic group as compared to the highest socio-economic class. Even the rates of deaths and hospitalizations of the lower socio-economic group are two times higher (ABS 2015). This is because of people in the lower economic class experience hard economic and living conditions which cumulatively result in s of weak physical and mental health; the predisposing factors for diabetes (Cryer, 1995).  Due to their low-income status, diabetic patients in the lower socio-economic class receive insufficient, low quality and sometimes inappropriate healthcare services resulting in late detection and diagnosis and management. The treatment and care requirements of diabetes have significant effects on the occupation of the patients since they are continuously forced to leave work for various health reasons. The cost of diabetes management is significantly high especially for the poor in Australia.


According to (Elrayah-Eliadarous et al., 2017), life expectancy for the lower socio-economic class is relatively low. This is because low income earning contributes to a wider array of factors such as unhealthy and unbalanced eating lifestyle and diet, lack of proper physical activity and mental stability. These are compounded by stress and unrest due to lack of job security and stability. The majority in the low socio-economic group does not have proper education and therefore are not able to secure stable and reliable jobs. This lack of proper education implies that very few people in this group are able to identify and report early symptoms of diabetes which are very crucial for early diagnosis and onset of treatment and management.

Exposure to differential living and working environment amongst poor people results in differential vulnerabilities to adverse health outcomes such as diabetes(Goldman, & Smith, 2002).Goldman and Smith in their findings explain that “those in the lower education group (illiterates and school dropouts) face a triple threat of diabetes.” This is because they make up the majority of people with considerably higher chances of being undiagnosed and treated for diabetic conditions. They further describe that even when the diagnosis is made, uneducated diabetic patients have considerable difficulties in maintaining continuous proper self-management of the condition. The management process involves a series of complex but effective treatment procedures which are important in order to reduce the chances of the negative health consequences associated with diabetes. From these findings, it is evident that poverty directly links the relationship between the high diabetes prevalence rates, morbidity and mortality rates among the lower socio-economic groups in Australia. It is imperative to note that although the link between poverty and diabetes is clear, the dynamics and mechanisms responsible for these outcomes are not clearly ascertained and understood. Therefore there is additional need for the Australian government to formulate policy remedies that can eliminate or significantly reduce the gaping disparities in health and healthcare outcomes in relation to chronic conditions such as diabetes.  Education is perhaps one of the most basic and immediate elements that need to be addressed to reduce these disparities for the long-term in upcoming generations. This is relevant because education makes up the fundamental tool that shapes an individual’s future occupational opportunities and earning potential.  It imparts essential life skills that enable individuals to access information and resources that are essential for promoting good health and healthy living conditions (Sullivan, & Joseph, 1998).


Diabetes has not only direct physical impact on patients but also their immediate families and relations. There are several elements of struggle associated with diabetic patients as well as families with members who are diabetic patients.  Some of these elements include emotional distress and mental struggles. Berry et al. acknowledge that mental and emotional distress is some of the immediate responses individual experiences after diagnosis with a chronic condition. After diagnosis, the immediate demands for significant changes in lifestyle as well as the irreversible medical demands for diabetes management contributes to the psychological distress experienced by most individuals and families.  Other elements such as an individual’s perception of support and protection significantly contribute to elevated levels of distress. According to Barry et al., “diabetes aside from affecting an individual’s physical health also impacts on their mental wellbeing. This is because, for the largest majority of families and individuals, a positive diagnosis for diabetes means taking up demanding subsets of additional responsibilities, planning, and self-monitoring. These are considered critical for continuous effective management of diabetes and thus necessitate a remarkable readjustment of daily life which according to Barry et al., can be physical, emotionally and psychologically draining. The effects eventually permeate throughout an individual’s social and economic environment (Bery et al., 2015).Some of the objective enshrined in the principles of person-centered care for diabetics include continued encouragement, support and empowerment of families and diabetic patients to actively engage in self-care plans as much as possible ("American Diabetes Association: Standards Of Medical Care In Diabetes—2017", 2017).

Diabetes has numerous challenging aspects that must be met and adhered to. These include continuous glucose checks and insulin administration, dieting, exercises and other elements needed for proper self-care.  Meeting most of these demands on a daily basis can be daunting even for the most supportive and motivated patients and families (Borus 2013).In most cases of adolescent diabetics, most of these demands prove to be too burdensome, and as a result, most of the teens struggle with the implications of their diabetic status. Borus further supports that greater numbers of teens with diabetes suffer from chronic depression and other psychological struggles, A good example if how the implications of chronic conditions such as diabetes and the related struggles can be drawn from the case example of the Spackman family in Queensland, which experiences lifestyle change struggles and diabetes. The lifestyle behaviors depicted in the article are entirely contrary to the core principles of person-centered care. Every individual shares in the responsibility for health and the success of the healthcare provision. Whichever choices each individual makes about his or her lifestyle and other personal risk behaviors directly impacts their health risks and outcomes. Healthcare professionals are mandated to provide clear communication and guidance about the underlying implications of a positive diabetes diagnosis including the choices available for treatment and management. However, this can only work if every patient takes an active role in taking responsibility for managing their own health (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), 2007).

The Australian healthcare system is a multifaceted web of public and private healthcare providers. These contribute significantly towards primary healthcare provision, emergency services; hospital-based treatment as well as palliative care for diabetes patients. The government recognizes that diabetes is a chronic condition that requires series of various healthcare services in order to control and manage and therefore the healthcare system is modeled to include most of these services. There are various options available for treatment and management of diabetes in Australia including services aimed at controlling blood sugar, blood pressure, blood lipid levels as well as reducing the symptoms and the associated risks of complication development.  The principles for Australian Health system contain guidelines that are tailored to foster and enhance the quality of life for all its citizens.

The initial contact point for people with diabetes are usually the general medical practitioners who help with the regular monitoring of patient’s weight changes, blood levels, and their general health status. The practitioners only refer the patients to another specialist when complications associated with diabetes develop. As such, the government in collaboration with other healthcare sectors and providers have formulated and implemented initiatives for public awareness campaigns highlighting the importance of early detection and diagnosis of diabetes and management.  There are also support structures in place to ensure that continuous research is done in diabetes and other related chronic illnesses as well as maintain continuous monitoring and surveillance measures (Australian Department of Health 2015).


According to the Australian department of health, there are various programs in place for the support treatment and management of diabetes. These include Medicare benefits schedule which subsidizes the cost of patient care and Medicare items necessary for planning and management of chronic conditions such as diabetes; There is also the comprehensive pharmaceutical benefits scheme which continually provides subsidies for medicines used in treatment and management of diabetes. The new Australian National Diabetics strategy 2016-2022 is aimed at directing how existing resources are coordinated and prioritized in response to diabetes through an emphasis on prevention, early diagnosis, interventions, treatment and management (Australian Department of Health 2015).

The Australian commission on safety and quality in healthcare defines person-centered care as “a patient-centered care that is respectful of and responsive to the individual patient's values, needs, and preferences. The values and principles underlining the Australian healthcare system are in line with cultural and person-centered care principles. The principle of Support for a more comprehensive healthcare system acknowledges that people have a multiplicity of different health needs and these vary and change based on certain elements. Therefore, there is a need for a healthcare system that encompasses all that. The aims of person-centered care system are to achieve and sustain  optimal well-being by supporting and encouraging  diabetic patients  to actively and continuously manage their health condition in the context of their life  and lifestyle and in accordance with their values and preferences (Johanson 2015). Patient-centered care should encompass consultations which include assessment of clinical signs and symptoms taking into consideration their fears, thoughts, experiences and expectations as well as their socio-cultural values.  This way a proper management plan can be formulated and tailor-made to specifically meet each particular patient’s needs (Maclimans et al. 2011).

In conclusion, it is recommendable that the Australian Government has made significant progress in the fight against diabetes. The current healthcare system is considerable especially since it outlines the need for maintenance of high ethical standards that ensures the dignity of every patient is preserved without compromise on the quality of healthcare accorded. From the survey statistics, there is still much to be done in order to level the disparities n diabetes cases among various communities and socio-economic groups. There is also need for the measure and a continued awareness campaigns to enlighten the public on the risks and the predisposing factors for diabetes.  Even though patient-centered care is appropriate, there are challenges such as lack of a controllable environment for the diabetes patients hence escalated risks of developing complications due to poor or lack of proper personal management at home. More research needs to be done on other additional healthcare quality improvement needs and better ways to prevent, manage or treat chronic conditions such as diabetes.



American Diabetes Association: Standards Of Medical Care In Diabetes—2017. (2017). Diabetes Care The Journal Of Clinical And Applied Research And Education, VOLUME 40(Supplement 1), 51-128.

Adler, N., & Newman, K. (2002). Socioeconomic Disparities In Health: Pathways And Policies. Health Affairs, 21(2), 60-76.

Abouzeid, M., Philpot, B., Janus, E., Coates, M., & Dunbar, J. (2013). Type 2 diabetes prevalence varies by socio-economic status within and between migrant groups: analysis and implications for Australia. BMC Public Health, 13(1).

ABS 2015. National Health Survey: first results, 2014–15—Australia. ABS cat. no. 4364.0. Canberra: ABS.

Australian Department of Health 2015 Diabetes. Viewed 23 May 2017,

AIHW 2016a. Diabetes. Viewed 22 May 2017, diabetes/

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2007. Older Australia at a glance: 4th edition. Cat. no. AGE 52. Canberra: AIHW.

Berry, E., Lockhart, S., Davies, M., Lindsay, J., & Dempster, M. (2015). Diabetes distress: understanding the hidden struggles of living with diabetes and exploring intervention strategies. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 91(1075), 278-283.

Borus, J. (2013). Improving Adherence Among Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 52(1), 2-3.

Cryer, P. (1995). Diabetes, Diabetes, and the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes, 44(12), 1351-1354.

Elrayah-Eliadarous, H., Östenson, C., Eltom, M., Johansson, P., Sparring, V., & Wahlström, R. (2017). Economic and social impact of diabetes mellitus in a low-income country: A case-control study in Sudan. Journal Of Diabetes.

Goldman, D., & Smith, J. (2002). Can patient self-management help explain the SES health gradient?. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, 99(16), 10929-10934.

Johansson, U. (2015). The Education and Integrated Care Stream. Defining roles and improving outcomes in person-centred care. Diabetes Research And Clinical Practice, 109(1), 213-214.

McClimans, L., Dunn, M., & Slowther, A. (2011). Health policy, patient-centred care and clinical ethics. Journal Of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, 17(5), 913-919.

Sperry, L. (2010). Treating Diabetes With Severe Personality-Disordered Individuals and Families. The Family Journal, 18(4), 438-442.

Sullivan, E., & Joseph, D. (1998). Struggling With Behavior Changes: A Special Case for Clients With Diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 24(1), 72-77.

Download Sample

Get 100% money back after download, simply upload your unique content* of similar no. of pages or more. We verify your content and once successfully verified 100% value credited to your wallet within 7 days.

Upload Unique Document

Document Under Evaluation

Get Credits into Your Wallet

*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Professional Practice And Cultural Safety. Retrieved from

"Professional Practice And Cultural Safety." My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Professional Practice And Cultural Safety [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 12 August 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Professional Practice And Cultural Safety' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <> accessed 12 August 2020.

My Assignment Help. Professional Practice And Cultural Safety [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 12 August 2020]. Available from:

Getting academic assistance from is a wise decision. Many students, finding the answer to their queries 'who will Do my essay for cheap' are likely to find our services useful and beneficial. They no longer need to waste their time in typing 'can someone write my essay at cheap price', instead they can hire our cheap essay writers to complete the due papers perfectly within given deadline.

Latest Management Samples

BN106 Networking Fundamentals For Wan And Lan Design

Download : 0 | Pages : 7

Answer: Introduction Arr company, based in Melbourne has its head offices located there on one building with different floors with different departments occupying different floors. Further, the company has offices in different geographical locations that are not more than 70 kms away from the head office for a total of six offices. This paper is a design solution that will enable all employees on the six different offices with most user requi...

Read More arrow

EEOP5018 Events And Entertainment Operations For Charity Purposes

Download : 0 | Pages : 15

Answer: Introduction One of the leading production houses in the United Kingdom is Lend me your Ears that has been become popular in the recent times. This production house has become a name in the event industry and is one of the most sought after companies when it comes to satisfy the needs of the events. The company is also a forerunner in in organizing the funds that are required for the charity purposes. The past records of the company h...

Read More arrow

COIT20272 Software Engineering For Data Management Technique

Download : 0 | Pages : 6

Answer: Functional Requirement: Authorization is one of the most crucial requirements of the system. The android application will be used by the customers for booking appointments. The application will allow a customer to access various other functions based on his/her authorization level. Authorization refers to the mechanism of verifying the user credibility of access a piece of information or function. Authorisation also refers to the p...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia East Malvern Management Economics for business University of New South Wales 

ACC204 Corporate Accounting And Reporting For Infinite Intangible

Download : 0 | Pages : 5
  • Course Code: ACC204
  • University: Pace University
  • Country: United States

Answer: The major doctrine related to impairment is where an asset cannot be recorded in the financial statement beyond the recoverable amount that is more than the “value-in-use” and “fair asset value” deducted from cost of selling. An assets carrying value is related with the recoverable value and impairment of asset is conducted when the former is more compared to the latter (Banker, Basu and Byzalov 2016). An alloca...

Read More arrow

IMAT5262 Online Theft Breach For Theft And Data Security Breach

Download : 0 | Pages : 18
  • Course Code: IMAT5262
  • University: De Montfort University
  • Country: United Kingdom

Answer: Introduction Background of the Research The research is about the online theft breaches that the recent business industry is facing globally. All the business owners were oblique to verify the identity of all the employees who work in the United Kingdom to protect their confidential information. The background of the research methodology provides all possible result of identity theft and data breaches. The Immigration Reform and Cont...

Read More arrow

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

755 Order Completed

95% Response Time

Douglas Cowley

Masters in Finance with Specialization in Audit

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2632 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Albert Ambrosio

MSc in Nursing

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

230 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Liya Han

Master Of Science in Geotechnical Engineering (MSc Geotec)

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2115 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Kimberley Chen

MPA in Accounting

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Awesome work. Awesome response time. Very thorough & clear. Love the results I get with MAH!


User Id: 383727 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Work was done in a timely manner took it through grammarly checked for plagiarism very well satisfied


User Id: 463334 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Great work for the short notice given. Thank you for never disappointing and helping out.


User Id: 194216 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

I received a full point on the assignment. Thank you for all the help with the assignment.


User Id: 411395 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?