Critical Success Factors in the Management of Rebuilding Dilapidated Schools Projects Using the Industrialised Building System Method.
The purpose of this paper is to apply integrating theories on the research project on industrial building system for renovation of the dilapidated school projects. The framework of the compete project is divided into three criteria which should be focused for applying effective integrating theories to resolve the issues which exist with the proposed project which are classified as Increasing demand of IBS in Malaysia, linking of the IBS technology with the proposal of renovating the dilapidated schools project and proposal of the conceptual framework based on the research questions undertaken to develop an effective design of the project (Yusof, 2016). In this paper we are looking forward to undertake the literature review on the integration theories which plays an important role in resolving the issues which exist with the project of renovation in Malaysia. The management of the activities and the scheduling program can be effectively done by the application of the integration theory according to the requirement of the project. The emphasis should be given on the renovation process structure which should be followed for renovating the schools within the prescribed deadline of completion. The undertaken process should make use of technological advancement in the area of construction program. The integration of the theories with the requirement of the project can be applied in four perspective view (Zakaria, 2016). The first area is to focus on same problem or objective with different point of view. Second area is to undergone a research on the basis of assumptions made for the project. The third area is to clarify the domain of the research agenda. The last one is used for applying two different theories on the same data set to measure the efficiency of the theory applied. The literature review on the requirement of the renovation in the schools of Malaysia helps in overcoming the research gaps which exist in the traditional projects.
The research is undertaken for reviewing the gaps which exist with the proposed system. The complexity of the project is the major hazard for the development of the effective phases for the renovation of the schools. It is difficult to develop a project initiation phase and the project post review phase for upgrading the school construction. The work breakdown structure of the project depends on the analysis of the human resource required for completing the project. The roles and responsibilities should be divided according to the skills and expertise of the selected members to perform the specified task. The critical and creative thinking of the top executives plays an important role in the analysis of the expertise of the team member to provide relevant responsibilities for completing the project. The integration and the coordination of the project activities help in developing good and healthy relationship and feeling of cooperation among the team members. The project manager has a key responsibility of selecting the process for developing the renovation strategy for the project of dilapidated schools in Malaysia. The emphasis should be given on the renovation process structure which should be followed for renovating the schools within the prescribed deadline of completion. The undertaken process should make use of technological advancement in the area of construction program. The legal and the social issues which assist with the project should be proactively solved to overcome scenario of distraction. The scope of the project is to deploy the industrial building system for carrying out the renovation process required for the project of dilapidated schools. The industrial building system is advantageous for identifying the risks and issues which exist with the participating internal and external parties such as employees, government, working culture, and technology used, undertaken process or strategies, complexity in managing communication flow, and other. The critical issues which can create the problem of project delay and overrunning of the cost can be effectively handled with the use of industrial building system program. The quality of the outcome helps in analysing the effectiveness of the process undertaken for completing the project with the association of industrial building system. The satisfaction level of the stakeholders helps in analysing the critical success factors which plays an important role in completing the project on time with quality standards.
The research agenda is to focus on resolving the major problem to analyse the efficiency of the project manager in developing perception of process or strategies to get better result of renovating the school, which techniques should be used by the project manager in completing the project within time, and the factors which helps in using the IBS system efficiently in the proposed project of renovation.
The application of right theory on predicting the research agenda helps in getting quality result for the integration of industrial building system approach with the renovation of the dilapidated schools (Okere, 2017). The complexity theory is applied in the given project to resolve the complex structure of the project. The analysis of the critical factors of the project such as availability of the expert labour according to the requirement of the process, strategies developed for the project, managing communication flow between internal and external parties, change in the requirement of the project owner, and others helps in resolving the complexity of the project without any distraction at the end of the project completion. The application of the complexity theory helps in resolving the critical issues which exist with the project (Saggaf, 2016). It helps in implies the ethical conduct of the behaviour in the team members. The chaos and conflicts of the team members can be effectively resolved with the complexity theory. The learning curve theory is used for managing the relationship between cumulative number and association of the production time. The project manager is responsible for the deployment of management techniques in the process undertaking for finishing the job. The project manager gains confidence by the repetitive process undertaken for sharpening the managerial skills. The operational capability of the equipment can be enhanced for increasing the productivity. The organizational theory is applied by the manager for improving the organizational chart for the management of information flow (Walid, 2012). The association of the different groups helps in creating new ideas and opinions on developing the associate organization culture. The interdependencies should be managed between the working groups of the project undertaken. The project objective can be achieved with the establishing of communication flow among the employees of the enterprise. The norms and regulation should be developed for generating official and unofficial culture. It helps in managing the conflict and chaos among the team members.
The application of the complexity theory is helpful in identifying and improving the perception of the manager for developing effective renovation of the dilapidated school. The IBS method is used for developing the construction of the school. The organizational theory helps in identifying the factors responsible for managing the implementation of the industrial building system. The factors which play an important role in developing the project within the period of time are availability of expert labour, supply and demand of managing resources on the site location, deployment of effective strategies, and others. The effective relationship can be maintained between small and large scale projects for developing a high quality renovation technique. The learning curve theory is useful for bringing change in the organization effectively. The focus should be given on the community located near the school.
The industrial building system is used for assessing the requirement of the renovation on the school. The success of the project depends on the analysis of the internal and external factors which are associated with the project lifecycle. The renovation is required on the development of the walls, development of the structural system, and management of the constructions solution. There are different elements which should be focused for the renovation program. The implementation of the industrial building system in the practical scenario of construction is emphasised on five processes which are categorised as initiation of the work, requirement and resources required for the project, managing supply and demand of resources and equipment at the construction site, installation of the technological component which can initiate the construction process, and development of final construction project. The project manager should focus on the critical success factors for the projects so that the project activities should not be delayed (Mydin, 2014). The issues related to government rules and policies should be resolved with the consideration given to designing and technical factors. The analysis of managing supply and demand of resources according to the requirement of the project helps in achieving the control over the construction process. The construction process undertaken for the renovation of the dilapidated school can be enhanced with the use of technological advancement techniques (Kassim, 2012). The IBS process helps in synchronizing the activities related to installation of beam, column, and walls. The success of the project depends on the maintenance of effective communication channel between the internal team members and external government agencies.
The allocation of resources and responsibilities to the project team hired for completing the project activities can be explained with the help of imposing organization theory to develop effective flow of communication between different units of team (Nawi, 2015). The application of the complexity theory can be effectively applied for managing the strategies and processes to resolve the uncertainty associated with the smooth working of the project operation. The uncertainty associated with the project management methodology, strategies, procedures, and other can be predicted efficiently with the use of complexity theory (Kamar, 2013). The learning curve theory is used for monitoring and maintenance of the project. It focuses on the quality of the project to ensure the success and failure of the project. The sustainability of the project can be measured with the help of value added factors which are used for taking decision effectively to analyse the critical path of the project. The change management theory helps in adding new features to the project which helps in the renovation of the school by focusing on the trend and technology. The emphasis on the risk management helps in completing the project with efficiency and effectiveness to achieve long term sustainability of the project. The top down strategically designed plan helps in achieving the cohesiveness in the construction process undertaken by the project manager to renovate the school.
The deployment of the industrial building system with the association of theoretical framework helps in achieving the objectives of the proposed project. The perception of the project manager can be broaden with the help of creative thinking fundamentals which results in intensifying renovation procedures laid down for improvement. The possible outcome of the rebuilding procedures laid down can be effectively measure (Erdene, 2015). The IBS system is successful in examining the internal and external factors which plays an important role in the development of the rebuilding of the dilapidated school. The success of the project can be measured by analysing the application of the proposed framework to resolve the issues and challenges which exist with the traditional working of the school. During the research analysis, we found that conventional methods are not applicable for the development of the project (Azhari, 2012). In the proposed project, we undertake the business project with the application of industrial building project with the analysis of theoretical framework for the effective working of the project phases. The complete project is divided into five phases process which are named as process of initiation, process of planning, execution of the project, monitoring and control of the project, and review of the post-performance of the project. The successful completion of all the stages which are designed for the renovation of the school helps in achieving the project objective and mission. The use of new technological advancement equipment helps in completing the project within the time line and without overrunning of the cost of the project. The industrial building system focuses on the key areas to unite them with the functional program of the project. The key areas of the project are categorised as Man, method, material, and monitoring. The effective utilization of the human resource helps in the development of the project within the budget approved for the project because they will be capable of managing their requirement within the material available with the use of proposed methodology (Zawawi, 2012). The monitoring of the complete system results into the elimination of flaws from the proposed model of rebuilding the dilapidated school.
It has been concluded that the proposed framework of industrial building system can be effectively applied on the construction of the renovation project for the dilapidated school. The use of theoretical framework helps in managing the relationship between man, material, method, and monitoring efficiently between the undertaken units of the proposed project. The research objective can be effectively achieved by using the process structure of industrial building system. The project manager is responsible for the deployment of management techniques in the process undertaking for finishing the job. The project manager gains confidence by the repetitive process undertaken for sharpening the managerial skills. The critical and creative thinking of the top executives plays an important role in the analysis of the expertise of the team member to provide relevant responsibilities for completing the project. The association of the different groups helps in creating new ideas and opinions on developing the associate organization culture. The IBS process helps in synchronizing the activities related to installation of beam, column, and walls. The IBS technology is the most suitable process structure for completing the project of renovation within the approved period of time and under budget.
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