The Big Five Personality and Satisfaction in Relationship
The traits of personality are defined to be the consistent patterns of the feelings, actions or thoughts that help to distinguish people from one another. There is an emerging consensus about the five major factors of that are responsible for capturing most of the variability in the normal personality tests (Finn, Mitte & Neyer, 2013).
Several theories and researches suggest that there exists a relationship between personality traits of the individuals and their relationships are related to marital satisfaction and functioning of their life (Finn, Mitte & Neyer, 2013). This is majorly because their personality shapes in the way in which the people interprets and responds to their circumstances, the traits of every partner can be expected to influence the interactions within a relationship (Finn, Mitte & Neyer, 2013). The personality of the individual is believed to be an important, but distal predictor of relationship quality with personality traits shaping interactions within the relationship, which in turn influence relationship satisfaction (Finn, Mitte & Neyer, 2013). Personal dispositions serve as ?enduring vulnerabilities? that shape how couple reacts to one another and to external events. Research evidence supports the idea that interactions between partners partially mediate the associations between personality and relationship outcomes (Donnellan, Assad, Robins, & Conger, 2007). Building on this model, the interpersonal effects of personality may also extend beyond the relationship domain. If personality shapes daily interactions and reactions, the personality traits that an individual brings to a relationship may not only affect 3-satisfaction specific to the relationship, but also how satisfied his or her partner is with life in general.
The basic components of relationship
Human relationships are comprised of the individual form of characteristics of the partner and the characteristics that results from the unique form of the combination of the two individuals (Mund et al., 2016). This form of conceptual difference is made with the help of the statistical tool that are used to analyze the data from the couples, through the model of actor partner interdependence model (APIM). The APIM is used for finding the link between the relationship satisfaction and the personality traits of the individuals. The actor effect tends to capture the personality of the individual on their own level of satisfaction in their relationship. On the other hand, the partner effect captures the personality of the individual on their partner’s level of satisfaction in their relationship. Therefore, the presence of the partner’s effect can prove that the interpersonal variable is the major cause for influencing the relationship functioning (Mund et al., 2016). Therefore it can be said that the partner’s effect is plays a vital role in forming an effectiveness in the interpersonal relationships. Through APIM, it is evident that the couples who possess more or less similar in their traits of personality tend to have a better relationship and have most satisfaction in life.
The personality trait and the quality of the relationship
There are number of studies that have observed that there exists positive correlation between the traits of personality with the satisfaction of the relationship of the individuals (Margelisch et al., 2017). The low levels of the negative traits of personality as neuroticism and the occurrence of the negative emotions have been associated with the quality of relationship among young couples and it affects their self-satisfaction. The qualities of relationship are very important to maintain the proper relationship between the couple (Margelisch et al., 2017). The understanding within the couple is the key factor of a successful relationship.
Gaps in Literature
The literature review lacks the support of the relevant literatures. Various studies have been done for investigating the association between the traits of personality and the satisfaction in the relationship. The majority of the studies have observed the majority self-reports of satisfaction in the couples. However, there are no studies that observe the behaviour patterns of the couples. The personality traits can only show the similarity and dissimilarity of the personality of the couples, but to be in a relationship the couples do a lot of adjustment (Margelisch et al., 2017). To remain in a relationship with someone, the individuals need to adapt certain behaviors of their partners that they do not like. This is an evident gap in the literature. However, the literature lacks that the life satisfaction of the couples can also be disrupted due to some situational problems such as loss of family members and problems in their career. Therefore, the main aim of the study is to observe the gaps in the literature and address the other indicators apart from the similar personality traits that can affect the life satisfaction of the young couples.
Finn, C., Mitte, K., & Neyer, F. J. (2013). The relationship?specific interpretation bias mediates the link between neuroticism and satisfaction in couples. European Journal of Personality, 27(2), 200-212.
Furler, K., Gomez, V., & Grob, A. (2014). Personality perceptions and relationship satisfaction in couples. Journal of Research in Personality, 50, 33-41.
Hill, P. L., Nickel, L. B., & Roberts, B. W. (2014). Are you in a healthy relationship? Linking conscientiousness to health via implementing and immunizing behaviors. Journal of personality, 82(6), 485-492.
Margelisch, K., Schneewind, K. A., Violette, J., & Perrig-Chiello, P. (2017). Marital stability, satisfaction and well-being in old age: variability and continuity in long-term continuously married older persons. Aging & mental health, 21(4), 389-398.
Mund, M., Finn, C., Hagemeyer, B., & Neyer, F. J. (2016). Understanding dynamic transactions between personality traits and partner relationships. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25(6), 411-416.
Schaffhuser, K., Allemand, M., & Martin, M. (2014). Personality traits and relationship satisfaction in intimate couples: Three perspectives on personality. European Journal of Personality, 28(2), 120-133.
Siedlecki, K. L., Salthouse, T. A., Oishi, S., & Jeswani, S. (2014). The relationship between social support and subjective well-being across age. Social indicators research, 117(2), 561-576.