Trafficking of human beings is a heinous a crime that exploits women, men and children vigorously. Human trafficking has taken a toll of every country in the world, according to the United Nations, but not enough has been mentioned about it. Sharing a word around, might hep someone come out from the cobweb oh trafficking. Transporting someone into an exploitation situation is part of trafficking. Forced labor, marriage, prostitution and organ removal may also be included. The US Department of State accepts these types of exploitation with some different names— the "traffic in human beings," "trafficking in persons" and "modern slavery." It is estimated that 20 million to 40 million persons in modern slavery are today worldwide. It is difficult to assess the entire scope of trafficking in human beings, because so many cases are uncovered, which the UN refers to as the "hidden crime figure."Estimates indicate that only around 4% survivors are identified internationally in cases of trafficking, so that the vast majority of human trafficking cases are uncovered. Estimates show that only around 4% of survivors of human trafficking cases are identified internationally, meaning the overwhelming majority of cases are not detected. Worldwide profit for traffickers is approximately $150 billion annually, of which $99 billion comes from commercial sexual exploitation (county, 2019).
Overall, 71% of people who have been enslaved are females, while 29% are adult and underage males. Estimates show that around 50,000 people, most often from Mexico and the Philippines, are trafficked into the United States every year. Sex trafficking cases involving only children accounted for over half (51.6%) of criminal human trafficking cases active in the United States in 2018Reports show that many survivors in the USA of child sex trafficking have been in the foster care system at the same time ("11 Facts About Human Trafficking", 2019).
Advantages report an increasing trend for traffickers to recruit and advertise human trading targets using online social media platforms. Many victims are disgruntled girls who as children have been sexually abused.
The United Nations defines human trafficking as:
“The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”
The three most common forms of human trafficking are sex trafficking, forced labour, and debt bondage. According to the US, the world's largest industry is forced labor, also called unintended service. Another form of human trafficking in which a person is forced to pay a debt is debt-keeping. Sex trafficking has a disproportionate impact on women and children and requires forced involvement in commercial sexual acts. Any child in the United States who is under 18 who is engaged in a commercial sex act is considered a trafficked survivor. Women and girls constitute 80 per cent of trafficked women.
Forced labour: A family gives a newborn child up because they can not afford to look after the adoption officer in Nepal. In return, he is sold to a sweatshop owner who forces the boy to learn to sew clothing for hours every day free of charge. The child is nutritiously low and does not study
Sex trafficking: Two Korean women were sent as hostesses or waitresses from San Francisco. When they arrive they are kept prisoner and forced into prostitution, while the captured manages the money.
Child Sex Trafficking: A 15-year-old kid flees to Oakland's streets from his home in San Francisco. A pimp who promised him to regulate all his income seduced him to take part in a prostitution ring.
Bondage Debt: A young Russian womens has collected and is desperately paying off severe credit card debt. An person who describes himself as a worker offers him a job as a domestic worker in the United States. She arrives with a valid visa in San Francisco but with her passport she is taken away. She's taken to a house with a restricted movement. She was then told she needed to work as a housekeeper to pay for her trip, or she would kill her family.
All these forms are extreme forms of human exploitation. These need to be stopped. Actions need to be taken from the level of a street to the international structure like the UNO. Things lie between us all, we need to find them, and kill them before they enter deep into the society and start affecting our near and dear ones. Humanity is a race, it’s exploitation should be a cause of worry, and thus, we should care.
11 Facts About Human Trafficking. (2019). Retrieved 2 November 2019, from https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-human-trafficking
county, s. (2019). What is Human Trafficking? | Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 2 November 2019, from https://sf-hrc.org/what-human-trafficking