1.The strategic Family therapy approach
Strategic family therapy approach is one of the perfect strategies that can be applied in Debbie’s case. This approach works towards coming up with a constructive solution for the patient from within the most immediate social context. Also, strategic family therapy involves identification of internal resources which can help with patient’s treatment (Stith, Lechtenberg & Rosen, 2014). This kind of family therapy can be beneficial to Debbie’s depression situation. According to the case scenario, it is evident that the patient in the case Debbie has been consumed by the depression to appoint that she cannot grasp reality as well as with the familial issue which unites her with her family while in her condition. According to a various family therapist, the family is viewed as a unit in which the situation of one family member affects the other (Fishman, 2015). When one family member is affected within the family just as Debbie, the family as a whole gets affected. It is therefore crucial for the therapist to examine Debbie’s depression situation about each family member contribution (mother and father). A clear understanding of each family member’s responsibility towards Debbie’s recovery is important as it will help with the reformulation of reality which will assist with her recovery.
2.Assess the main problem
According to the examination of Debbie’s depression situation, it can be concluded that the main problem is reduced family interaction Debbie and her parents. A family as a unit should be developed by rules and interactions which affect psychologically of every family members which in this case are; Debbie, her father, and mother. However, the is reduced interactions between Debbie and her parents who are committed to working compared to familial interactions which is one of the core factors for family growth and psychological health. Interaction has a lot of effect on the health of family members more so children. Debbie’s father works two jobs and has very limited time for family interaction, and this is not psychologically healthy for the family (Gurman & Kniskern, 2014). On the other hand, Debbie has been affected by the family rules which is also part of the family core growth issues and has decided to cut communication with her parents. She only interacts with her mother when she is waking her up for college with very limited interactions. Interaction is crucial. Thus the therapist should find a way of increasing the family interaction concern to improve family psychological health.
3.Techniques of strategic family therapy approach
The perfect techniques of strategic therapy approach include paradoxical directives and paradoxical delay directive. The immediate technique to help with the situation is through paradoxical directives where all the three family members are directed to intentionally do what they have been doing with the hope that family parents will rebel the absurd recommendations and change (Sommers & Sommers, 2018). Directing Debbie’s father by a therapist to continue with his current action and ignore his daughter may eventually result in him changing thus improving family instruction. The second technique is the use of paradoxical delay directive which will make the patient motivated to make changes. This technique will also encourage the family system to make changes as soon as possible as the family itself will start to argue and improve responsiveness.
Fishman, S. B. (Ed.). (2015). Love, marriage, and Jewish families: Paradoxes of a social revolution. Brandeis University Press.
Gurman, A. S., & Kniskern, D. P. (2014). Handbook of family therapy. Routledge.
Sommers-Flanagan, J., & Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2018). Counseling and psychotherapy theories in context and practice: Skills, strategies, and techniques. John Wiley & Sons.
Stith, S. M., Lechtenberg, M. M., & Rosen, K. H. (2014). Strategic family therapy. In An Introduction to Marriage and Family Therapy (pp. 175-201). Routledge.