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Psychodynamic Theory For Therapeutic Practice Add in library

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1. In terms of topic of attachment, explain how theories can explain cognitive, social & emotional development appropriate theories have been given in the table, you need to show how they link to the area of development and attachment.
2. Evaluate a study for each, which could be used within the topic of attachment to either support or refute the idea you have presented. Appropriate studies for you to evaluate have been given in the chart below.
Give a brief evaluation if the theory’s ability to explain development.



a) Explain how a named theory can explain development

b) Identify a core study

c) Evaluate the chosen study and theory



Bowl by  - evolutionary theory


(Ensure links to cognitive approach are made)

Choose either

Bowlby (1994)


OR Ainsworth (1971)




Learning theory

Harlow (1958)




Psychodynamic theory

Genie (1977)



TAQ: 3 Write an essay under the following title:

“Explain the nature versus nurture debate, and discus how their view points can be applied to offer explanations relating to the viewpoints can be applied to offer explanation relating to attachment process between an infant and their caregiver.”?



Psychological Theories

Key Theorists

Overview of the ideas of the theory



Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth

·         Interaction between the motivational and emotional forces which impacts on the mental states and behavioral development of a human being (Lawson, 2010).

·         Motivational and emotional factors impacts on the behavior of a human being and its state of mind.

·         Psychodynamic targets at exchanging of the psychic energy



Jean Piaget

·         This theory describes the nature of knowledge and development of the intelligence of a human being from its childhood (Boulton, 2010).

·         Cognitive development is the recognition of the growth of the experience of a human being with ages and  biological mutation



Albert Bandura, John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner

·         This theory states that learning is the process which ascertains the permanent behavioral change.

·         Both the internal and external stimuli are responsible of ascertaining the psychological and biological changes for a human being.



Erik Erikson

·         This theory mentions for a human being there are 8 specific stages of life which a human being is needed to pass through.

·         From childhood to the old age, bypassing the adulthood a human being has to pass through the different psychological stages of growth.


Table 1: Brief Analysis of the different psychological theories

TAQ: 2: 2.1 & 2.2

Name of Approaches

How a named theory can explain development

Identification of the core study

Evaluation of the study and theory


Evolutionary theory


Lawson (2010) has mentioned evolutionary theory asserts that the instinctive attachment is the most conditional approach which arranges the typical psychological development of a person. This theory is intrinsic which entertains more strategical aspects (Lawson, 2010). The generic development also engages in the cognitive development of the psychology.  Psychological development is more strategical aspect which leads to better responsiveness.


Learning Theory


The learning theory determines how this approach specifies better understanding approach of the learning statistics which can consider being one of the strengths of this theory. With learning, as critiqued by Rizq (2010) psychological development is literally effective. As pointed to by Collins (2013) the behavioral approach determines the bonding of the parents with the other people. Determining a better strategy for the psychological development is literally effective. This approach leads to the development of the human being at the same time.  


Psychodynamic Theory


Emotional development is the psychological ethics which leads to manage the analyzing a better strategical development. Psychological approach is the emotional factor which leads to the generic stemming of the human being. The Psychodynamic theory explains the necessary attributes which can consider being its strengths. In accordance with Boulton (2010) the propositional approach of development is better approach to manage the strategical managing of generalizing a better human development. The development of the person is better managing of the intricacies.


TAQ: 3

Lawson (2010) specifies in the nature verses nurture debate nature is referred to the genetic and heredity structure having the psychophysical characteristics. On the other hand, nurture is considered to the environmental variables which impacts on the individual experiences. 

Both the terms nature and nurture although appear to be quite relative but viewing from the psychological perspective, these terms are having their individual identities and behavioral characteristics. Human mind, as pointed out by John Locke, is Tabula Rasa or a blank paper which can be rewritten. Therefore, as critically stated by Rizq (2010) from the days of begetting a child starts getting influenced by the nature and environment. But there are people who seemed to possess the controversial view in this matter. Development of the concept of “blank slate” for a long time has been extensively conflicted and debated. Genetic transmission of care or heritability is also genuine factors that have given fuel to this debate. Collins (2013) is of this view that people who adapts extreme heredity level appears to be known as nativists. Basic characteristics of human development in a large aspect is controlled and its paves way for the evolution.

Biological changes are the genuine aspects which entertain the process of genetic development process. House (2010) has critically points out that every human being is containing an innate “biological clock” which with the time manages the programmed behavior. The psychological changes from the childhood to extreme adolescence not only ascertain the psychological development but also engage in the cognitive development. Although the nature attributes are quite detrimental in the approaches it insists the psychological development. But, on the contrary, Plato suggests for the certain things for a human life, no proper environmental influences come to assistance (Mishan, 2014).

For an infant both the nature and nurturing attitudes are cohesive. In pretext of nurture, the approach of caregivers is quite inductive which not only helps in ensuring the physical growth, assures the mental development at the same time. The approach of care is carried by the genes forward and biologically assures the environmental genesis (Rake, 2010). Chomsky’s theory of language acquisition can state to be the effective approach of nurture. A child cries as it denies staying hungry. This manifests more intuitiveness and ascertains more generic approach.

Papadima (2014) seems to have been critical in this approach while stating that this affirms the essential issues which influences in the environmental behavior. More to be added, strongest affluence in the nature and nurture structure maintains this intuitive structure. The psychological development of the infants is literally the affluent natter which maintains the potentialities and talent. This approach is creating more intricacies and developing intricacies. These factors are more intrinsic approach which leads to generate more intricacies (Mishan, 2014). The ethical approaches are more intuitive matters which let the organizational development. The ethical significance in this matter for a child is quite cohesive. This approach is more significant which leads to develop a human being.

Throughout this current essay the researcher has stated the sophisticated approach of developing the human ethos. Psychological characteristics of the development of a human being are also stated in this approach of the research work. This essay emerges to be significant approach of narrating the ethical approaches.



Boulton, N. (2010). A learning experience. Psychodynamic Practice, 16(3), pp.253-256.

Collins, B. (2013). Psychodynamic theory for therapeutic practice. Psychodynamic Practice, 19(2), pp.227-229.

House, R. (2010). Beyond postmodernism: New dimensions in clinical theory and practice.Psychodynamic Practice, 16(3), pp.361-365.

Lawson, D. (2010). Comparing cognitive behavioral therapy and integrated cognitive behavioral therapy/psychodynamic therapy in group treatment for partner violent men. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 47(1), pp.122-133.

Mishan, J. (2014). Theory and practice of experiential dynamic psychotherapy. Psychodynamic Practice, 21(1), pp.68-78.

Papadima, M. (2014). Ferenczi for our time: theory and practice. Psychodynamic Practice, 21(1), pp.97-99.

Rake, C. (2010). Building into the dark: Theory and observation in science and psychoanalysis.Psychodynamic Practice, 16(4), pp.463-465.

Rizq, R. (2010). Wind of change. Psychodynamic Practice, 16(1), pp.1-5.

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