Discuss about the Radiography for Healthcare Setup and Practice.
Within the healthcare setup and practice, reflection is defined as the process of actively reviewing, doing analysis and evaluation of experiences drawing upon the previous learning or theoretical concepts with the aim of planning future actions (Doyle et al., 2016). Reflection can be applied in radiography where a radiographic repeatedly reflects on the experiences of their actions and repetitively learn from their experiences to improve their future actions. Continuous reflection and critical thinking help in closing the gap between theory learned and practice, thereby enhancing the quality of caring for the patients and enhance both personal and professional progress.
Kolb's learning cycle is the theoretical basis for interactive training methods. David Kolb proposes a learning model which emphasizes that experience does not automatically give knowledge. There is a need for a reflexive feedback to learn from experience, to learn something about oneself, to relate to others, and to build knowledge. One of the pedagogical principles of training is the alternation between the acquisition of knowledge and know-how related to professional situations encountered during training. This integrative alternation is defined by Bourgeon as "an activity of awareness of knowledge hidden in action" (Henwood et al., 2017).
Practical experience: the subject immerses himself in the realization of the task
Reflective observation: the subject reflects on what has been done and lived
Abstract conceptualization: the radiographic interprets the events he has noticed and tries to integrate them into a theoretical system.
Active experimentation: the subject uses his new understanding to try to predict what will happen in the light of the newly developed theory.
This model in cycle links practical and theoretical and on the other hand reflection and action.
Donald A. Schon stated that to overcome the challenges they encounter in their practice, professionals rely less on formulas learned during their basic training than on a certain improvisation acquired during their professional practice. Largely unexplored and completely inarticulate, this process of learning and research "on the job" forms the backdrop of their professionalism (Booth et al., 2016).
Professor Graham Gibbs came up with six steps in the reflection model.
The six Gibbs steps are the description, feelings, evaluation, analysis, conclusion, and action plan. Unlike other models of reflection, he noted that emotions and feelings are an important point of agreement.
The Gibbs reflective model is supposed to give a radiographic a method to look back on events and learn from them. Reflective practitioners who follow the Gibbs model will become aware of their prejudices and feelings when they consider the latest events in life (Heilman & James 2017).
A radiographic can use the Gibbs model to identify learning needs to pursue his/her professional or academic growth. The reflection process is popular in the health care industry in particular and is considered a way to promote the development of skilled and self-managed professionals.
Reflective process is seen as an important skill for future radiographic for learning and performing. It also provides the structure for the transfer and application of learned theory into radiographic practice. There are many areas in which a radiographic can apply reflective skills e.g. analyzing whether the patient was satisfied with the process or if the radiographic therapy was well performed and no chances of complications to the patient may exist. Identify the areas of weakness in clinical practice and possible improvement strategies that should be put in place to prevent future occurrence of the mistake (Henwood et al., 2017).
Doyle, Y. G., Gleave, R., & Johnstone, P. (2016). Accountable care organisations: Reflections on healthcare and public health. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 22(10), 493-498.
Heilman, M. D., & James, A. (2017). Priority Access to Care in the Emergency Department. Reflections on Healthcare Management, 1(1), 13.
Monrouxe, L. V., & Rees, C. E. (2017). Healthcare professionalism: improving practice through reflections on workplace dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons.
Henwood, S., Booth, L., & Miller, P. K. (2016). Reflections on the role of consultant radiographers in the UK: The perceived impact on practice and factors that support and hinder the role. Radiography, 22(1), 44-49.
Booth, L., Henwood, S., & Miller, P. (2016). Reflections on the role of consultant radiographers in the UK: What is a consultant radiographer? Radiography, 22(1), 38-43.
Saunders, R., Singer, R., Dugmore, H., Seaman, K., & Lake, F. (2016). Nursing students’ reflections on an interprofessional placement in ambulatory care. Reflective Practice, 17(4), 393-402.