$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Reengineering Revolution Harper Business

tag 0 Download14 Pages / 3,323 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT


Does A Relationship Exist Between IT And Business?

How Effective Is The Relationship For Companies?




In business strategic management, a technique of business unit divestiture is mostly employed. Basically, one organization’s acquisition is another one’s divestiture. There are lots of reasons for divestiture. However, some of the reasons include organizational focus changes, economic performance being weak and also capital needs. Other reasons as to why business organizations sell business units may also include contractual obligations or antitrust regulations. Up to now, as many as 20,000 divestitures have been conducted globally (Repko & Szostak, 2017). The total value of such processes exceeds an approximation of $900 billon. With regards to many acquisition and merger research projects, the IT function’s role in a “carve-out” process could be rather complex. The same function is likely to be of serious strategic and financial implications for the buyers and the sellers. Let’s take a case study of a company known as Roche Pharmaceuticals which experienced the same financial implications (Jones, 1991). In its case, the company was involved in the selling of vitamins division. During the process, it happened to have underestimated the IT disentanglement cost. The factor of underestimation was about twenty. Using our described case study and several other cases of risks business organizations undertake to achieve its objectives after activities of divestiture, we will discuss some of the responses business organizations make to curb the same challenges faced in such processes of carving-out. The responses we are interested in, in this case, are those that are focused on IT components. 

Problem Statement

This paper will have to describe the milestones and phases of an IT structured divestiture project as one means of meeting the objectives of the research. The description is then followed by outline of challenges by business organizations during divestiture contracts. The final step is sharing lessons learned with regards to proper IT structured carve-out project design and management. The identified issues of concern will be solved after the identification of IT divestiture project phases. Regarding the same, there are four IT carve-out project phases in a typical organization. As shown in figure 1 above, the first phase is Pre-Signing. This phase is whereby all preparations and negotiations are performed before signing of the divestiture contract. In the same phase, a “data room” is established. The room contains a large volume of files and folders. The folder or files have confidential information like contracts, financial data and information regarding employees and customers. The purpose of this room is to give the buyer a chance of conducting due diligence so as to have a basis for the contract at hand. The second phase is PreClosing. It is at this point that separation jobs get planned followed by the preparation of systems. The third phase is the Transition. This is the phase in which the bulk of separation activities get done. The post cutting phase is then the last in the hierarchy. This is the step in which the physical separation gets done (Sudhakar, 2012).


Research Questions and Research Aim

As mentioned before, this research proposal paper has discussed a typical carve-out project case study in the introductory section. However, the main activity involving the discussion of learnt lessons concerning IT management in divestiture of business units is yet to be done. The main objective of this paper is to solicit the feeling that business organizations have the potential of creating IT environments which are divestiture-ready through the preparation of IT-structured carve-out projects. All in all, the paper will prove that there exists a relationship between business and IT. By doing so, the paper shall have answered the following research question:

Literature Review

  1. IT Work Stream in Divestitures

The work stream of IT, in this case, is made up of four other sub-streams. These sub-streams include:

  1. IT Infrastructure

This sub-stream is made up of networks, desktop PC, voice, access issues of business partners and data centers.

  1. IT Applications

It is made up of data pertaining to GC applications, IPS applications, local and financial reporting applications.

  1. IT Organization

This sub-stream is made up of HR issues like key personnel.

  1. IT Contracts

This section is responsible for the assessment and identification of legal issues and licenses with regards to hardware and software transfer. However, there is another sub-stream that came to be added after complexities associated with IT sites. The sub-stream is:

  1. Country Coordination

It is associated with the management of carve-out impacts.

  1. IT Infrastructure

In the closing phase, the WAN separation, back-office services and voice operations are essential in the satisfaction of compliance requirements. The same are also vital in the delivery of IT services to buyers in the entire Transition phase. In the current business world, most organizations use SAP and Microsoft technology for groupware, e-mail and resource planning. Having the support services transferred is less problematic. As match as there could be separation difficulties at times, standard applications usage makes the system able to be moved with ease. The same also creates an easy integration route for IT support staff of any transacting companies (Limbach & Jong, 014).


IT Theories

There are a lot of revolutionary changes that have influenced the manner in which the business organizations employ IT in their operations. The major concern for most IT managers is the integration of IT in the development of strategies (Hammer & Stanton, 1995). To ensure success, many business organizations have strive to breach the gap of IT and business alignment through the application of different IT frameworks. One such framework is reengineering of business processes. Such processes are business activities with direct effects on customers. Almost every organization in the current business world has such a processes integrated in the company system. Some of these business processes include:

  1. Manufacturing
  2. Processing of orders
  3. Generation of invoices
  4. Payment of bills
  5. Provision of customer service

All the named processes can also be reengineered. The steps associated with efforts of reengineering of business process are outline in the table below:

During the activity of process reengineering, the business organization’s processes that require reengineering need to be identified. Some of the outcomes associated with processes of reengineering include:

  1. Profit increase
  2. Costs reduction
  3. Quality improvement
  4. Provision of better services.

For this particular activity, a reengineering team is needed. The process of reengineering also requires commitment from the management body. To ensure that the engineering process is smoothly executed, the engineer in charge is required to have a profile that includes:

  1. Process–orientation
  2. Perspectives that are holistic
  3. Creativity
  4. Restlessness
  5. Enthusiasm
  6. Optimism
  7. Persistence
  8. Tact
  9. Team Player
  10. Communication Skills.

All the highlighted skills are what would ensure that the engineer performs successful process reengineering execution.

IT Role in Processes Implementation

In the whole business process reengineering activity, IT gets introduced in the implementation stage. Take for instance, companies dealing in the manufacture of automobile. Most of these companies had centers for design activities in a given location and canters for manufacturing activities in a different location. There was also a different location for marketing offices. In such a case, information had to be drafted from one center of operation to the other. The sending of information back and forth took a lot of weeks before the final process of manufacture commenced. However, the introduction of communications technology and IT has ensured that the transfer of information is faster than it used to be (Hammer & Stanton, 1995).

Information is sent to the Internet where every center requiring the same picks it from. In real sense, the turn-around time happens to be reduced through the employment of IT. It is the reengineering assignment output that then becomes the input for IT implementation. The above illustration shows that the integration of IT reduces the cycle time required to attend to customers. Other advantages associated with IT integration in reengineering processes include:

  1. IT being used to reduce turn-around time
  2. Reducing the chances of fraudulent activities
  3. Reducing corruption chances
  4. Assurance of increased precision and accuracy in case the IT systems are properly implemented
  5. Increased work quality in a reduced timeframe
  6. Increased work results quality
  7. Quick communication
  8. Faster information dissemination between stakeholders and customers
  9. Efficient tracking of progress using IT tools

However, for an organization to have all the highlighted benefits achieved, the employees have to be properly trained regarding the use of IT applications or any other technology likely to be employed. Upon determining that processes are able to automate, IT tools, software and hardware are able to be employed in the implementation of processes. It is the duty of IT project managers to supervise this stage. In case the IT systems happen to be ready, they are made available to employees and users within the organization. Some of the tools used in the implementation of IT systems in this stage include:

  1. Tools for project management
  2. Database technologies
  3. Voice and data communication technologies
  4. Networking technologies
  5. Web and ecommerce technologies


  1. Data Collection

The main aim of this paper is to outline a professional research proposal that gives a projection on the existing relationship between business and IT. From the same, the report will then answer the research question of whether the relationship between IT and business is effective for companies as it seems or not. To solicit the required response the paper bases its research activity on Australian data. According to the obtained information, there are key indicators regarding IT implementation in business processes. They include:

  1. Internet access
  2. Broadband usage
  3. Web presence
  4. Presence of social media
  5. Internet commerce
  6. Data Analysis

According to the above table:

  1. More than 50% of Australia’s business population reported a web presence.
  2. With regards to industrial report, a total of 76% of organizations with a web presence reported the availability of recreation services and arts. This was the highest proportion.
  3. Forestry agriculture and fishing industries gave 12% of organizations having a web presence. This happened to be the lowest proportion.
  4. Thirty-eight percent of Australian businesses reported presence of social media presence. However, sixty-three percent of business organizations with a social media presence happened to have recorded a range of 200 employees or more. Those organizations with twenty to two hundred workers represented sixty three percent.
  5. By the end of 2016, fifty-seven percent of business organizations used the Interne to placed orders.
  6. Another thirty-seven percent use the internet to receive orders. The income generated from such orders totaled to approximately $321 billion (Bhattacherjee, 2001).

According to the information provided in the table above:

  1. Forty-nine percent of businesses happened to be innovation-active in 2015-16 financial year.
  2. Fifty-eight percent of businesses in the retail trade, manufacturing and recreation/arts industries were innovation-active. This happens to be the highest proportion.
  3. Forty-three percent of business organizations came up with at least one kind of innovation.
  4. Regarding the introduced innovations, managerial or organizational processes produced the highest proportion which was 23%.
  5. Twenty-four percent of businesses had ongoing innovation development processes.
  6. Significantly improved or new marketing methods happened to be the innovation most likely to be under development with a 12% proportion.

Findings and Analysis

Basically, the conceptual framework and the hypotheses of the study got tested using regressions. In the same way, the antecedents’ effect on the level of IT employment got examined. From the obtained results, it is clear that IT embeddedness and project risk create a positive relationship with the usage of IT. We can also conclude that the level of IT usage portray the fact that project teams largely employ IT in case the project in question is vital to the organization and thus, its failure is likely to cause a detrimental impact on the organization. With the findings, we can support IT research activities arguing that project teams would collect and disperse information through the use of various IT tools. Such would be to ensure that risks are reduced as well as to enhance processes of decision making. The findings also show that there is a great importance of having workers who are committed and enthusiastic. These individuals should also be able to support and promote the use of given IT tools. The finding is in line with previous research findings regarding the significance of innovation adoption. All in all, a positive relationship between the extent of IT embeddedness and level of usage in business processes shows how much important the integration of IT is vital. The same is significant in the maximization of advantage.


In the analysis section, the data provided was used to examine IT usage antecedents. The same was also used to determine if the usage of IT influences product performance. From the result, an empirical evidence can be solicited that the level at which IT is employed has a large impact on overall managerial performance. As much as little evidence is provided regarding the level at which IT affects market speed, much is provided regarding impacts on product performance within the marketplace. We can, therefore, note that IT usage in organizations add more value every process. It is important to note that speed to market, in this case, happens not to be the rationale for investments; but rather, IT employment in processes like production among others. According to other research activities on the same, unless an organization employs IT in its processes and employee activities, benefits shall not be realized as expected (Armstrong &Sambamurthy, 1999).  Therefore, business organizations that need increase the employment of given IT tools integrate and incorporate those given tools in their processes of development. Having these tools embedded in the efforts of product development involves:

  1. Provision of training
  2. Encouragement of champions
  3. Supply of support
  4. Use of particular tools

Projects or business organizations that fail in the outlined obligations always ?nd themselves using lots of cash on IT software and hardware with no benefits from such spending sprees.



In the abstract section, we discussed the fact that global multi-business organizations use the strategy of business unit divestiture to have their portfolios adjusted. However, these business unit divestiture originate from regulatory pressures, legal pressures or rather a response towards the ever changing business strategies. On the contrary, with the current acquisition and merger projects, many business organizations find themselves going for carve-out projects. These projects critically depend on IT systems thus they are likely to be excluded from processes of due-diligence (Anderson & Gerbing, 1991). From the same piece of information, this paper presented a typical carve-out project case study analysis (with regards to a business unit divest) and also discuss the learnt lessons concerning IT management in divestiture of business units. In the paper, we learnt that business organizations have the potential of creating IT environments which are divestiture-ready. By so doing, these organizations have themselves prepared IT-structured carve-out projects. All in all, this paper has outlined a professional research proposal aimed at proving a projection on the existing relationship between business and IT. The report has also answered the research question of whether the relationship between IT and business is effective for companies as it seems or not; basing the research activity on Australian data (Anderson & Gerbing, 1991).

Limitations and Recommendations

Our proposal happens to be subject to inherent limitations regarding cross-sectional designs with focus on single informants usage. On the contrary the question under discussion; the role of IT in business processes has contributed in the mitigation of this particular weakness. As much as the measures used in this discussion are acceptable, there is a possibility that they can be improved. Research activities to be performed in the future need to refine and incorporate such measures since they have just received theoretical attention but yet to obtain empirical attention. Research activities to be done in future should also have IT usage examined as a way of determining whether the IT usage antecedents and the relationship between performance and usage are speci?c to a given organization. Further investigation should also be performed to determine the relationship between speed to market and IT usage. Also, in as much as this research paper shows the in?uences of given contextual factors with regards to IT usage, research activities that would be performed in future need to analyze the existing dependencies between IT usage and antecedent contextual factors; and also between product performance and IT usage. Such cases should then be evaluated by modeling structural equations for the purpose of generating a picture that is more complete (Aiken & West, 1991).



Agarwal, R., Tanniru, M., and Wilemon, D. (1997). Assimilating Information Technology Innovations: Strategies and Moderating In?uences. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 44(4): 347–58.

Aiken, L. S., S. G. West. 1991. Multiple Regression: Testing and Interpreting Interactions. Sage, Newbury Park, CA.

Anakwe, U., Igbaria, M., and Anandarajan, M. (2000). Management Practices across Cultures: Role of Support in Technology Usage. Journal of International Business Studies 31(4):653–66.

Anderson, J. and Gerbing, D. (1991). Predicting the Performance of Measures in a Con?rmatory Factor Analysis with a Pretest Assessment of Their Substantive Validities. Journal of Applied Psychology 76(5):732–40.

Armbrecht, F.M.R., Chapas, R.B., Chapelow, C.C., Farris, G.F., Friga, P.N., Hartz, C.A., McIlvaine, M.E., Postle, S.R., and Whitwell, G.E. (2001). Knowledge Management in Research and Development. Research-Technology Management 44(4):28–49.

Armstrong, C. and Sambamurthy, V. (1999). Information Technology Assimilation in Firms: The In?uence of Senior Leadership and IT Infrastructures. Information Systems Research 10(4):304–27.

Armstrong, J.S. and Overton, T.S. (1977). Estimating Non-response Bias in Mail Surveys. Journal of Marketing Research 14(3):396–402.

 Barczak, G. and Sultan, F. (2006). Use IT or Lose It. Marketing Management 15(2):30–4.

Bharadwaj, S., A. Bharadwaj, E. Bendoly. 2007. The performance effects of complementarities between information systems, marketing, manufacturing, and supply chain processes. Inform. Systems Res. 18(4) 437–453.

Bhattacherjee, A. 2001. Understanding information systems continuance: An expectation-con?rmation model. MIS Quart. 25(3) 351–370. Bhattacharya, C. B., R. N. Bolton. 1999. Relationship marketing in mass markets. J. N. Sheth, A. Parvatiyar, eds. Handbook of Relationship Marketing. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, 327–354.

 Boh, W. F., D. Yellin. 2006. Using enterprise architecture standards in managing information technology. J. Management Inform. Systems 23(3) 163–207.

Boundless. (2017). The Impact of External and Internal Factors on Strategy. Boundless. Retrieved 17 June 2017, from

Hammer, M. & Champy, J. (2001). Reengineering the Corporation: A Manifesto for Business Revolution. London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.

Hammer, M. & Stanton, S.A. (1995). The Reengineering Revolution. HarperBusiness, HarperCollins Publishers Inc., New York, 1995.

Hancock, J. T., L. E. Curry, S. Goorha and M. Woodworth: 2008, ‘On Lying and Being Lied to: A Linguistic Analysis of Deception in Computer-Mediated Communication’, Discourse Processes 45, 1–23.

Hancock, J. T.: 2007, ‘Digital Deception: Why, When and How People Lie Online’, in A. N. Joinson, K. Y. A. McKenna, T. Postmes and U.-D. Reips (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Internet Psychology (Oxford University Press, Oxford), pp. 289–301.

Internet Crime Complaint Center: 2008, ‘2007 Internet Crime Report’, National White Collar Crime Center,

Jones, C., W. S. Hesterly and S. P. Borgatti: 1997, ‘A General Theory of Network Governance: Exchange Conditions and Social Mechanisms’, Academy of Management Review 22(4), 911–945.

Jones, T. M.: 1991, ‘Ethical Decision Making by Individuals in Organizations: An Issue-Contingent Model’, Academy of Management Review 16, 366–395.

Leimeister J. M. & Böhm M. (2012). Managing IT In A Business Unit Divestiture. Managing IT in a Business Unit Divestiture. Retrieved 17 June 2017, from PDF.

Limbach, R., & Jong, T. (2014). Designing discovery learning environments: process analysis and implications for designing an information system. International Journal of Learning Technology, 1(2), 147.

Mayer, R.J. & deWitte, P.S., (Undated). Delivering Results: Evolving BPR from Art to Engineering. Avialable online at

Repko, A.F. & Szostak,R. (2017). Interdisciplinary Research: Process and Theory (3rded.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Rusu. L. & Alaceva C. (2014). Computers in Human Behavior. Barriers in Achieving Business/IT Alignment in a Large Swedish Company. Retrieved 17 June 2017, from

Sudhakar (2012). The Role of IT in Business Process Reengineering. ŒCONOMICA. Retrieved 17 June 2017, from P


Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Reengineering Revolution Harper Business. Retrieved from

"Reengineering Revolution Harper Business." My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Reengineering Revolution Harper Business [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 31 May 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Reengineering Revolution Harper Business' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <> accessed 31 May 2020.

My Assignment Help. Reengineering Revolution Harper Business [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 31 May 2020]. Available from:

With a decade's experience in providing essay help, has emerged as the leading assignment writing company in Australia. We have gained our popularity not because we provide top-quality essay help, but because we understand students' needs. In order to help students, we have introduced proposal essay help, literature essay help, etc into our services. Some of our popular services include English essay help, nursing essay help, law essay help, MBA essay help and much more.

Latest Management Samples

SBM1201 Project Scope Time And Cost Management

Download : 0 | Pages : 12
  • Course Code: SBM1201
  • University: Asia Pacific International College
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Project Activities Activity List: WBS Task Name Duration Start Finish 0 Essendon & Buckley Street level crossing removal 985 days Wed 4/25/18 Tue 2/1/22 1 Initiation phase of the project 73 days Wed 4/25/18 Fri 8/3/18 1.1 Identifying objectives of the project 15 days Wed 4/25/18 Tue 5/15/18 1.2 Undertak...

Read More arrow

HI5002 Finance For Business For Depicting Core Markets And Activities

Download : 0 | Pages : 5

Answer: Portraying company’s information, while depicting core markets, activities, and factors: The company is relatively focused in mining and exploring gold, copper, and uranium in Australia. Marmota Limited is mainly situated in south of Australia, where relevant fields are controlled by the company for its mining needs. The company operations in Australia and is linked with the Australian consumer demand, which could help in genera...

Read More arrow

HSN101 Foundations Of Food, Nutrition And Health

Download : 0 | Pages : 10

Answer: Introduction: The Australian Health Survey 2011-2012 found that nearly two in every three people aged two years and over had a usual intake of sodium that exceeded the Upper Limit (UL). Intakes of sodium were also consistently higher for males than females.   At a population level, how do you think sodium intakes could decrease so that more people are meeting, (or at least not exceeding) the recommendations? Sodium intake has ...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Melbourne Management University of Melbourne 

MGT5MPT Management Theory And Practice For Fundamental Dimensions

Download : 0 | Pages : 10
  • Course Code: MGT5MPT
  • University: La Trobe University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction The area of organization theory is considered as a fragmented body of knowledge by including various competing theories to understand and explain the organization design and its actions. There are many researchers, which claim that, the arguments among different organizational theories are the level of competition of their ideas and thoughts (D’Adderio, and Pollock, 2014). Some management experts assume that these t...

Read More arrow

FMT313 Building Facilities For Equipment Maintenance And Energy Consumption

Download : 0 | Pages : 4

Answer: 1. The usages of BIM in facilities management The information which is stored in within the BIM includes the blueprints, schedules and the asset data such as location, cost, carbon impact, and maintenance, integrating the BIM with the facility management software system is a great tool to standardized data and also the better services. Reliable data is provided by BIM which can be used to report to the board. This because the data can b...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Melbourne Management University of New South Wales 

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1758 Order Completed

99% Response Time

William Martinez

MS in Biology

Washington, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

James Cook

Masters in Management

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

134 Order Completed

95% Response Time

Thomas Nelson

MS in Information Systems Technology with Specialization in Database Administration

New Jersey, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

610 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Cheryl Zhao

PhD in Statistics

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

I would recommend it to my friends, easy to contact. always on time and offering good prices


User Id: 412828 - 31 May 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

The work was phenomenally done, and it was even praised. I highly recommend this site, the service and help, altogether, I would not have passed any classes if it weren\'t for you guys and gals


User Id: 260056 - 31 May 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

The assignment was very well written, and the teacher was very pleased and praised the work.


User Id: 260056 - 31 May 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

For once, what I asked for was delivered without any hassle and going back and forth. Whichever writer did the assignment, thank you so much for revamping my assignment based on the feedback that was provided.


User Id: 423899 - 31 May 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?