Write about the Reflection Paper on Health Sciences Research for Management.
The study on health sciences research has given me a deep insight into health-related research, which is beyond and above investments in the delivery and management of healthcare and health services to the public. According to Polgar & Thomas (2011), a reflection of research relevance is due to an increase in attention and the ability to use health research impact, with funders of the research engaging more in assessing relevance as an input to the processes of decisions. The main aim of this paper is to reflect on my understanding of the health sciences research study and how these studies connect with the existing scientific literature and the support to me as a public healthcare practitioner.
Health Sciences Research
Inductive Reasoning in Health Sciences Research
I have had some trouble making out the differences between deductive and inductive reasoning in health research. I know it may seem straightforward to a lot of people but I have had challenges as the two seem as if they are the same thing to me. I lament on the way health sciences research field lacks discovery. I have realized that I must either reject or accept any proposed hypotheses so as to make viable clinical decisions. As I have learned, inductive reasoning usually makes a broad generalization from a specific observation. Basically, the inductive reasoning makes many observations, discerns a pattern, makes a generalization, and infers an explanation (Norman, 2005). I have learned that although many phrases may be true in a statement, inductive reasoning usually allows for an included phrase to be false.
Deductive Reasoning in Health Sciences Research
As I have learned, deductive reasoning usually begins with a principle, a rule or a law and then looks at definite examples to figure out how the idea is applicable to them. Deductive reasoning is given favor by health sciences since a person just needs to see how a specific example links with a certain principle so as to discern its validity in the matter at hand. My understanding of deductive reasoning as a strong logical resource has enabled me to learn that it comes with a guarantee that an obtained conclusion, through true and valid premises and inferences, should be taken as true.
Qualitative Research Paradigm
I have noted that qualitative research is currently being used more in healthcare than in past years. Many papers are being published in the nursing and medical literature which are using this methodology (Rolfe, 2006). Despite having several issues in qualitative research, these challenges can be improved (Bradley et al., 2007). I have learned that qualitative research captures the clients’ healthcare perspective so as to enable practitioners in understanding how patients think of health services.
Quantitative Research Paradigm
I agree that the usefulness of quantitative research is in its ability to produce a reliable outcome. The methods of statistics linked with quantitative research are good in realizing ways to maximize a patients’ life quantity and quality (Mackenzie & Knipe, 2006). As well, I have understood that qualitative research major on reductionism by taking huge data and reducing it to few numbers that are essential.
Ethics in Health Sciences Research
Based on my understanding on the study of health sciences research, subjects should not interact with investigators through environmental alteration or directly, or be in a position to be identified individually by the researcher’s preparation, collection or biological material use or use of medical and any other records. Therefore, ethics in research govern the conduct standards of scientific researchers in order to secure the rights, welfare, and dignity of research subjects (Mackenzie & Knipe, 2006). I have been taught that medical research which involves human subjects should only be undertaken by practitioners with the required scientific education and ethics, qualifications and training. Researching healthy volunteers or patients should be supervised by an appropriately competent physician or healthcare practitioner.
The paper has reflected on my understanding of health sciences research and brought out main considerations for its conduct. I am sure that with its impact, medical research is a key component for me to justify medical decisions and investments as a healthcare practitioner, and for making advancement in the healthcare industry. I believe that explicit and careful consideration of the relevance of research and guided by processes and principles that are transparent is crucial to gauging the entire impact and value of a vast range of collective and individual research investments and efforts.
Bradley, E. H., Curry, L. A., & Devers, K. J. (2007). Qualitative data analysis for health services research: developing a taxonomy, themes, and theory. Health services research, 42(4), 1758-1772.
Polgar, S., & Thomas, S. A. (2011). Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Mackenzie, N., & Knipe, S. (2006). Research dilemmas: Paradigms, methods, and methodology. Issues in educational research, 16(2), 193-205.
Rolfe, G. (2006). Validity, trustworthiness, and rigor: quality and the idea of qualitative research. Journal of advanced nursing, 53(3), 304-310.
Fereday, J., & Muir-Cochrane, E. (2006). Demonstrating rigor using thematic analysis: A hybrid approach of inductive and deductive coding and theme development. International journal of qualitative methods, 5(1), 80-92.
Norman, G. (2005). Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trends. Medical education, 39(4), 418-427.