The text cites deterrence as the foundation of the criminal justice system. Rehabilitation and incapacitation are aspects of the criminal justice system that often are at the center of debate. Explain whether incarceration (incapacitation) reduces crime in an effective and cost-efficient manner. Additionally, outline the efforts international organizations are making to control and reduce crime.
The world is growing at a fast pace today. There is a day to day development in every field. But along with this growth comes the negative aspects of society and one of them is criminals. These criminals are disturbed souls who cause disturbance in the smooth running society. Hence the government has imposed certain laws to punish the criminals. This punishment can be in different forms. It can be rehabilitated, incarceration or several other forms.
Incapacitation cannot always be the correct form of punishment for criminals. At times, incapacitation can lead to several other problems. Different prisoners staying together may lead to some big issues. Stronger ones may dominate the weaker ones. Also while staying together criminal involved in minor offenses may get to know about bigger crimes and may indulge themselves into it.
However, it is very important to classify the criminals, according to their type of crime and repetition of the crime. Serious offenders should be treated differently from the minor ones. First time offenders and juveniles may be sent for rehabilitation. They can be treated with a wise counseling session. This may lead to mind change resulting in lesser crime. Some specialized programs wherein new techniques can be taught to them so that they can start a new work after they are released from the prison.
Criminals with repetitive crime rate cannot be treated in the same manner. Strict laws are to be implemented to keep a tab on them. A huge number of criminals are subject to recidivism. It is situated when a criminal is caught within a time frame of three years of his/her release. It is a big issue in criminology and such culprits must be treated strictly.
The efforts of international organizations to reduce crime
In order to reduce crime, INTERPOL was born. INTERPOL stands for the international criminal police organization. It is an intergovernmental police organization providing support of the international police. There are 190 countries that are part of this organization. Its head office is in Lyon, France. This organization is second largest only after United Nations if talked about international representation. The prime focus of this organization is to reduce crime and disorder in the society. The major work of INTERPOL is for public safety like terrorism, human and drug trafficking, cybercrime, money laundering, child pornography and many more.
However, incarceration involves a huge amount of cost involved. It is a prime reason why a huge amount of criminals is being released after a short span of time. Due to high rise in crime and criminals there is a shortage of prisons and maintenance of prisoners. It is the sole reason behind the other alternatives that are being accepted nowadays. Boot camp programs and group therapy are also being accepted widely these days. Hopefully these measures taken by the government would bring down the level of crime to big extent.
Murchison, C., & Pooler, P. (1925). Length of Incarceration and Mental Test Scores of Negro Men Criminals. The Pedagogical Seminary And Journal Of Genetic Psychology, 32 (4), 657-658.
Abramowicz, S. (2012). A FAMILY LAW PERSPECTIVE ON PARENTAL INCARCERATION. Family Court Review, 50(2), 228-240.
Richardot, M. (2002). Interpol, Europol. Pouvoirs, 102(3), 77. https://dx.doi.org/10.3917/pouv.102.0077
Murchison, C., & Pooler, P. (1925). Length of Incarceration and Mental Test Scores of Negro Men Criminals. The Pedagogical Seminary And Journal Of Genetic Psychology, 32(4), 657-658.
Vollaard, B. Preventing Crime Through Selective Incapacitation. SSRN Electronic Journal.