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Report On Apn Outdoor’s Capital Structure

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Question:

Discuss about the Report On Apn Outdoor’s Capital Structure.
 
 

Answer:

Introduction

The purpose of this report is to provide information on the capital structure of APN Outdoor Group (APO) which is listed in the ASX and advice whether the firm has been successful in maximizing wealth generation for its shareholders.

The report is divided four chapters as follows. In chapter one, which is the introduction, I discuss the layout of the report.

In chapter two, I discuss the approach used to analyze the capital structure of APN Outdoor Group.

In chapter three, we analyze other financial ratios in respect to the company.

In chapter four, I conclude my analysis by providing information on whether APN’s has been successful in maximizing wealth generation for its shareholders.

Analysis Of Capital Structure

In order to determine the capital structure of APN, we need to analyze the following information based on the company’s financial reports (Lee, Liang, & Miglo, 2014).

  • Determine APN Outdoor’s debt to equity ratio.
  • Perform comparison of debt/equity ratio with other similar companies in the advertising industry.
  • Determine APN’s optimal capital structure
  • Determine APN’s Weighted Average Cost of Capital.
  • Compare APN Outdoor’s capital structure over past three years.

Total Debt to Equity Ratio

The total debt to equity ratio measures the relationship between equity capital and debt. A high ratio suggests that a company has taken more debt and consequently, is more aggressive with a higher risk (Investopedia, 2017).

In 2016, APN outdoor’s debt to equity was 0.67. Thus its total debt was 0.67 times its equity (Yahoo Finance, 2017).

Comparison of Debt to Equity Ratio to oOH! Media Ltd

A similar company is oOH! Media Ltd (OML).  oOH! Media is also an advertising company that specializes in billboards (oOH! Media Ltd , 2017).

The 2016 debt/equity ratio for oOH! Media was 0.65 which was slightly below APN Outdoors.

Weighted Average Cost of Capital

Also written as WACC, the Weighted Average Cost of Capital is the expected return on the securities for a company.

 WACC = Weight Debt * cost of debt *(1 – corporate tax) + Weight equity *cost of equity

 

Optimal Capital Structure

Let’s assume that APN’s corporate tax, T is 36%. Furthermore, let’s assume the pre-tax interest rates for each level of debt is given as below.

% financed with debt

Pre tax cost of Debt

0%

0%

10%

0%

20%

5%

30%

5%

40%

7%

50%

7%

60%

9%

70%

9%

80%

12%

90%

12%

Table 1: Pre Tax Interest Rates

The cost of equity can be determined from CAPM.

To determine the optimal capital structure of APN Outdoor Ltd, we need to find the level of debt and equity that will result in lowest WACC. To do this we can use Hamada equation (Lee, Liang, & Miglo, 2014). I.e. βL= βu*[ 1 + (1-T)(D/E)]

Where βL - beta of firm that uses debt

βu- beta of firm without debt

T- Corporate tax

D/E- debt/ equity

We determine that APN Outdoor’s unlevered βu is 0.8822. We then calculate the WACC for each level of debt (see Table 2)

% financed with debt

Debt/Equity Ratio

Beta

Cost of Equity

Cost of Debt-After Tax

WACC

0%

                         -  

0.88219

6.46%

0.00%

6.458%

10%

                0.1111

0.94492

6.75%

0.00%

6.072%

20%

                0.2500

1.02334

7.11%

3.20%

6.326%

30%

                0.4286

1.12416

7.57%

3.20%

6.260%

40%

                0.6667

1.25859

8.19%

4.48%

6.706%

50%

                1.0000

1.44679

9.06%

4.48%

6.768%

60%

                1.5000

1.72909

10.35%

5.76%

7.598%

70%

                2.3333

2.19959

12.52%

5.76%

7.787%

80%

                4.0000

3.14060

16.85%

7.68%

9.513%

90%

                9.0000

5.96360

29.83%

7.68%

9.895%

Table 2: WACC

We determine the lowest WACC is 6.072%. Therefore the optimal mix that will maximize the value of APN Outdoor is 10% debt and 90% equity.

Comparison APN Outdoor’s Capital Structure over Past Three Years

From the financial reports in Yahoo Finance, we note for year 2015 and 2014, the debt/equity ratios were 0.57 and 0.68 respectively. This suggests the company had taken little debt in 2015 in comparison to 2016 and 2014. Otherwise the company was still not at its optimum capital structure.

Other Key Financial Ratios

Liquidity ratio

These ratios determine the liquidity risk for the company. They include current ratio, quick ratio and cash ratio. In 2016, APN Outdoors had a current ratio of 1.9 and a quick ratio of 1.89 (The Wall Street Journal, 2017). A high current ratio suggests greater assurance that APN’s current liabilities can be paid using its current assets, thus the company does not have a liquidity risk problem (Subramanya & Wild, 2009, p. 530)

Profitability Ratios

These ratios measure the profitability for the company. They include return on asset and return on equity.  In 2016, APN Outdoors had a return on asset of 10.63 and return on equity of 17.27. Since the ratio is high, APN is doing well (Subramanya & Wild, 2009).

Efficiency Ratios

Efficiency Ratios measure how the company is using its assets. They include inventory turnover. In 2016, APN Outdoors had inventory turnover of 10.38. A high ratio suggests strong sales (Subramanya & Wild, 2009).

Conclusion- Shareholder Value

Shareholder wealth maximization involves increasing the share price. One of the ways to create value in a firm is by utilizing an optimal capital structure.

In the case for APN Outdoor’s, we can see that indeed the company is not at its optimum capital structure of 10% debt and 90% equity. However, their key ratios indicate that it is making profits and don’t seem to have any liquidity risk.

In conclusion, APN Outdoor Group does not appear to create maximum value for its shareholder’s. It should aim to minimize its cost of capital so that the firm’s value is maximized in the long run. Some of the ways APN can minimize its WACC include lowering its interest rates and  managing its operational risks.

 

References

Investopedia. (2017). Debt/Equity Ratio. Retrieved from Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com

Lee, Z., Liang, S., & Miglo, A. (2014). Capital Structure of Internet Companies: Case Study. Retrieved from https://faculty.nipissingu.ca/antonm/files/2014/06

oOH! Media Ltd . (2017). About Us. Retrieved from oOH! Media Ltd : https://www.oohmedia.com.au

Subramanya, K., & Wild, J. (2009). Financial Statement Analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

The Wall Street Journal. (2017). APN Outdoor Group Ltd. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal: https://quotes.wsj.com/AU/XASX/APO/financials/annual/balance-sheet

Yahoo Finance. (2017). APN OUTDOORS LTD. Retrieved from Yahoo Finance: https://au.finance.yahoo.com

OR

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