One of the key research questions that are being arise with various report on the motherhood of the imprisoned mothers is the effect of their imprisonment on their children. According to Hagan, and Foster (2012), children having their mothers imprisoned are mostly having negative effects. They are facing social discrimination, bullying and sexual assaults. These are having serious implications on their normal childhood. They are attracting towards crime and dark world from their early childhood. In the current situation, this question is having significance due to the reason that in the majority of the cases, the future of the children of the inmates is not being considered during the imprisonment of their mothers (Arditti, 2012). Thus, this question will enable to identify and determine the effects on the children from the imprisonment of their mothers and concluding on the probable solutions to reduce the extent of the negative effects.
Majority of the countries including Singapore is having specific rules and regulations in meeting with inmates and collecting data for the research purpose. Hence, the first duty of the researchers is to comply with the regulations in meeting the inmates. It will be the most effective and legal process to meet the inmates. Research sites should be the prisons and the family of the inmates (Deschenes, Owen & Crow, 2012). The first step to gather data will be to discuss with the inmates about their lifestyle in the prison and the extent of their access with their family members. This will help to determine the level of connection and influence that the inmates have with their family members outside. The next step is to meet their family members to determine the impact of the imprisonment on their family. It will help to identify the approach of them towards their imprisoned family members and how the children are being raised by them.
Matching the data received from the inmates themselves and from their families will help to determine the impact of the imprisonment on the children. The more effective will be the family in rising the children, the less will be the adverse impact on the children. The family members will also be asked about the differences in the attitude and personality of the children before and after the imprisonment of their mothers. It will help to determine the effect of the imprisonment on the mind of the children (Rakt, Murray & Nieuwbeerta, 2012). Moreover, the data collected from the family members will also help to determine the attitude of them towards the children after the imprisonment of their mothers. It will help to evaluate the social impact of the imprisonment on the children. In terms of the exit of the field, it is been recommended that the data being collected should be attested by the authorities to prove its authenticity and can be used for future evidence of adhering with the legislations.
As discussed earlier, the data being collected from the inmates will be attested by the authorities, which will validate the data collected (Sargent, 2013). Moreover, the collected data from the family members of the inmates will further be cross checked by consulting with the children. However, it will be considered that if the age of the children is favorable for consultation, then only they will be consulted. Otherwise, their mothers or the inmates will be consulted to match the similarity of the opinions between them and their family members. The validation of the report will be more if the opinions from both ways can get matched. The research will be done on the basis of Triangulation (Torrance, 2012). It will help to initiate the research process by having different approaches. The respondents will be interviewed across various situations and by different researchers to determine the similarities in their opinion repeatedly.
Moreover, the report conclusion will be shown to them in order to determine their opinion about the result. The more they will agree with the research report, the more will be the validation of the qualitative data. It will also be checked that to what extent the result or the response from the respondents are getting matched with one another (Sargent, 2013). This is due to the reason that if the response is bee seen that a trend is being followed then it can be assumed that the data are reliable and valid, otherwise the data should be rechecked. One of the key considerations for having valid data is the role and effectiveness of the moderator. The validation of the research is very much dependent on the quality of the researcher and his way of conducting the research. This is due to the reason that, the type and approach of the questions being asked by them also influence in generating the valid response from the respondents.
There are various ethical issues that can arise from the field studies. One of the key ethical issues is the potential impact of this study on the children (Powell et al., 2012). This is due to the reason the reason that children will be consulted in collecting the data and asking them question regarding the imprisonment of their mothers may have negative impact on their mind. Moreover, the families of the inmates can also face social discrimination if the report is being publicized (Liebling & Maruna, 2013). This is due to the reason that most of the families try to keep secret about the imprisonment of their family members from the society. Thus, they also may have negative implications. The data collection for the report may act as mental torture for them. However, it will be considered during the data collection and the ethical issues will be addressed as much as possible. The name of the inmates and their family members will be kept confidential in order to protect their privacy. In addition, the children will asked about their opinion to determine their own way of leading life rather than the negative effect of the imprisonment. Further, they will be counseled in order to prevent them from entering or committing any crime.
Arditti, J. A. (2012). Parental incarceration and the family: Psychological and social effects of imprisonment on children, parents, and caregivers. NYU Press.
Deschenes, E. P., Owen, B., & Crow, J. (2012). Recidivism among female prisoners: Secondary analysis of the 1994 BJS recidivism data set. BiblioGov.
Hagan, J., & Foster, H. (2012). Children of the American prison generation: Student and school spillover effects of incarcerating mothers. Law & Society Review, 46(1), 37-69.
Liebling, A., & Maruna, S. (Eds.). (2013). The effects of imprisonment.
Powell, M. A., Fitzgerald, R. M., Taylor, N., & Graham, A. (2012). International literature review: Ethical issues in undertaking research with children and young people.
Rakt, M. V. D., Murray, J., & Nieuwbeerta, P. (2012). The long-term effects of paternal imprisonment on criminal trajectories of children. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 49(1), 81-108.
Sargent, R. G. (2013). Verification and validation of simulation models. Journal of simulation, 7(1), 12-24.
Torrance, H. (2012). Triangulation, respondent validation, and democratic participation in mixed methods research. Journal of mixed methods research, 6(2), 111-123.